A trade union in India is registered according to the provision of the Trade
Unions Act, 1926. The appropriate Government has appointed Registrars for the
registration of trade unions. A Registrar is appointed under Section 3 of the
Trade Unions Act, 1926. Section 4 of the Trade Unions Act, 1926 provides for the
mode or the manner of registration of trade union.
Section 4 of the Trade Unions Act, 1926 is an important provision with regard to
registration of trade union as it provides the minimum requirement for the
registration of a Trade Union in India. Section 5 of the Trade Unions Act, 1926
provides the manner of application for the registration of trade union and
Section 6 of the Trade Unions Act, 1926 deals with provisions to be contained in
the rules of a Trade Union.
Mode of RegistrationSection 4 of the Trade Unions Act, 1926 provides that an application for
registration of a Trade Union can done by:
- Any seven or more members of a Trade Union by subscribing their names to
the rules of the Trade Union.
- According to the Trade Unions (Amendment), Act 2001, an application for
the registration of the Trade Union there has to be at least ten percent or
one hundred of the workmen, whichever is less, engaged or employed in the
establishment or industry with which it is connected.
Application for registration:
An application for the registration of a Trade Union shall be made to a
Registrar as per provision of the Section 5 of the Trade Unions Act, 1926. The
application shall be accompanied by a copy of the rules.
The application shall contain the following details:
- The names, occupations and addresses of the members making the application
- In the case of a Trade Union of workmen, it shall information such as
the names, occupations and addresses of the place of work of the members of
the Trade Union making the application (According to the Trade Unions
(Amendment), Act 2001)
- The name of the Trade Union and the address of its head office
- The titles, names, ages, addresses and occupations of the office-bearers
of the Trade Union.
Provisions to be contained in the rules of a Trade Union
According to section 6 of the Trade Unions Act, 1926 Trade Union shall establish
an executive committee has been established in accordance with the provisions of
the Act and the rules shall provide for the following matters:
- The name of the trade union
- The whole of the objects of the trade union
- The whole of the purposes of the general funds of the trade union
- The maintenance of a list of the members of the trade union
- The admission of ordinary members and they shall be persons actually
engaged or employed in an industry with which the trade union is connected
- The conditions by which any member shall be entitled to any benefit and rules
of fine or forfeiture that may be imposed on the members
- The manner in which the rules shall be amended, varied or rescinded
- The manner in which the members of the executive and the other office
bearers of the Trade Union shall be elected and removed
- The safe custody of the funds of the trade union, an annual audit etc.
- The manner in which the trade union may be dissolved
Certificate of registration
Upon compliance of the provisions of the Trade Unions Act, 1926, the Registrar
shall issue a Certificate of Registration. A Certificate of Registration is
conclusive evidence that the Trade Union registered under the provisions of the
Trade Unions Act, 1926.
Trade union is based on the concept of collective bargaining. The Trade Union is
an essential part of industrial peace, growth and development. It plays a vital
role in the protection of workers' rights and works to provide better working
conditions to the workers. It represents, negotiates and bargains on behalf of
It works for the betterment of the workers and endeavor for better wages and
better working conditions. Trade unions play a major role in labour relations. A
trade union is a vital link between employer and workers. A trade Union plays an
essential role in industrial peace, development and in the protection workers'
Award Winning Article Is Written By: Ms.Savita Yashvant Kale,MSW, Yashwantrao Chavan School of Social Work, Satara
I am thankful to Assistant Professor & IQAC Coordinator Mr. Jeevan Borate Sir for his guidance.
Authentication No: FB44008339567-01-0223