In India, there is many policies and schemes were launched within a year, but
failed to implement scheme successfully at ground level, India's position in the
centre of the global economic slowdown appears to be a favourable one, and the
world bank and IMF both have optimistic growth projections for the country,
placing it between 7.5 and 7.9 percent.
We cannot say that the Pradhan Mantri Narendra Modi government is failing to
implement its many programmes and initiatives since it has introduced so many of
them. Schemes started for the welfare of the people; any scheme launched in the
country by the government is basically for the welfare of the society.
If any person wants to get benefits from the scheme then no one can stop him.
For financial inclusion and social security, programmes have been introduced
such the Pradhan Mantri Jandhan Yojana, Atal Pension Yojana, and Suraksha Beema
Yojana. One of the government's initiatives, The Jan Dhan Yojana seeks to ensure
that marginalised groups, such as less-strengthened people and low-income
groups, are not forgotten.
They can take advantage of a number of financial services, including basic
savings accounts, need-based loans, remittance services, insurance, and
pensions. Samridhi Sukanya Consider that initiative's goals to be addressing
gender inequality and fostering a supportive atmosphere for girls. It is a
constituent element of "Beti bachao- Beti Padhao". Some financial stability
schemes which provided by the government to entrepreneurs to start their
business, Mudra bank yojana; Mudra would serve as a regulator of microfinance
institutions and offer credit to small business owners up to Rs. 10 lakh.
The program's goals are to motivate business owners and small companies to
increase their capabilities and to lower overall debt. Shishu, a programme
sponsored by Mudra Bank, covers loans Upto Rupees fifty thousand, kishor that
covers loan rupees fifty thousand to Rupess five lakh. Tarun that covers loan
above rupees five lakh to ten lakhs. Make in India is also a very big initiative
by government. The manufacture in India project seeks to advertise India as a
global industrial powerhouse, advance changing economy, and do away with
pointless rules and regulations.
A total of 25 industries are covered by the Make in India programme, including
chemicals, leather, autos, IT, textiles, pharmaceuticals, tourism and
hospitality, design manufacturing, renewable energy, mining, and electronics. It
is not the first time any government launches this type of schemes for welfare
of the country or society,
The national government has endeavoured since the Nehruvian era to increase
prosperity, but they have had difficulty putting good programmes into action and
ensuring that recipients receive them. The country like India, it is the big
country of large population, The Indian government's apparatus is not completely
functional in implementing schemes and reaching to beneficiaries.
A country where protests are happening more, farmers are still committing
suicide, lack of quality education; education sector was not very good at their
performance in our country. Government machineries were still doesn't work
properly at grassroot level, there is still corruption. India still has a long
way to go before creating a stable, wealthy society, as evidenced by the
underutilised demographic dividend and other societal issues, even while
development programmes are in place.
Two key aspects make up the cause of that. First and foremost, there is a lack
of understanding among the populace, followed by ineffective government
implementation. Let discuss these factors in detail to understand the problems
of implementing schemes and policy in India.
Inefficiency Of Government
Bureaucracy is lazy and has all the paper rules to put spanners in the works. As
bureaucracy is an important functionary for implementing schemes and policy.
Political executive is to were to making policy, administration is to implement
policy. Majority of government officials are just not to fit to carry out their
duties correctly& diligently.
They are just not serious in carrying out their work. Only 10 percent of total
grants actually can be used for any scheme implementation, rest of 90 percent
goes in pay and other allowances & sundry contingencies. The failure of some
programmes, like the mid-day meal programme in Madhya Pradesh, the integrated
child development programme in Bihar, etc. and NAREGA in Maharashtra, Madhya
Pradesh, and Odisha are examples of those that have failed due to improper
monitoring, a lack of accountability, misaligned incentives, and corruption.
According to the CAG report from 2013, the MNREGA programme failed in Karnataka
and Bihar as a result of financial mismanagement and subversion. Making a policy
and putting it into practise as a plan differ similarly to how In the changing
room, a cricket team makes game-day decisions. When it gets to the ground, the
government performs considerably below expectations despite appearing well
prepared in the cabinet's dressing room. It's not easy task for government to
execute or implement schemes to the ground level or every citizen of the
Administrators had the more duty towards implementing schemes because government
make policy but the duty to implement to the society is of administrators. Modi
government policy and schemes failed because one of the reasons is that there is
the corruption in every department. Digital India schemes plays a major role in
government departments when it comes to digitalise government departments, the
paper work is less, online forms filling; this helps in reducing corruption. Our
country still lags behind China in agricultural productivity in the agriculture
sector, which employs 55 percent of the workforce and has been a consistent
priority of every centrally-formed administration..
Including centre and state sponsored programmes and schemes there are more than
hundreds of schemes like kisan Vikas Patra, Pradhan Mantri gram sinchai yojana,
government has introduced the soil health card programme to give each farmer
soil health card. The card will include harvest-specific recommendations for the
nutrients and fertilisers agriculturalists need to increase output. For card
issuance, this scheme has been given a budget of Rs. 100 crores. However,
despite the fact that there are so many programmes focused on farmers, no one
will want to work in agriculture.
People are not aware about the schemes the main problem regarding that scheme is
that, people are not much aware about the government schemes which is started by
the government for them. There is ample many no. of schemes for farmers, start
up business, women, student and so on.
As we see in recent example of a scheme that Gujrat Parents and students finding
it challenging to apply for the programme on the government internet site, so
they began sending the required paperwork on theindianiris.com in error. To help
students who had passed the 10th grade receive financial aid for enrolling in
higher education, the government had started a programme called Mukhyamantri
Yuva Swavlamban Yojana (a dedicated website for all the government schemes and
It demonstrated that the government is not completely cognizant of the situation
on the ground and lacks effective methods to contact the recipients, somehow
lacking to create awareness amongst people. if any individual is eligible to get
benefits from the scheme then no one can stop him. Any scheme that launched by
the government is basically for the welfare of the society.
Most of the people were aware about the popular schemes of the government
basically, only some popular schemes reach to the citizens like centre schemes
which was started by prime minister but what about the state schemes; state
schemes are not much covered by our national media also that's why due to lack
of communication peoples are unaware of these.
We know that, in our country most of the scheme is started for economically
backward class people, farmers etc. government mentioned all schemes on their
sites but due to lack of internet access, some people can't get the benefits of
the scheme. The National government has demonstrated success when the goal is
shared by all, and corruption is one of the elements.
India's elections, which are occasionally referred to as "an undocumented
wonder" (A phrase used by former Chief Election Terrible Commissioner S.Y.
Qureshi), generally, error-free aggregate activity with significantly less
political impediment and facilitated organisation, makes this important
popularity-based occasion a success. India likewise sufficiently managed normal
fiascos previously. The public authority likewise sufficiently handled a few
infections, for example, polio, intestinal sickness and HIV when the objective
was all around plugged and clear.
10 key lead programmes, including MNREGAS and Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, and other
equivalent plans receive around Rs. 2 lakh crore from the Indian government,
accounting for 90% of the country's assets. These 100 leader programmes are
focused on the scope of public administrations. There are therefore 90 more
little projects that use administrative capacity and collectively have an impact
regarding the execution of larger objectives.
The strategies fabricated in services however actualized at State, region, and
town level and the manager may not think about each plan executed in his/her
region. So eliminating the little plans to all the more likely spotlight on
bigger plans can improve the heads in executing. Also, the plans can be
customized according to the nearby conditions.
Several states, like Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Gujarat, and to a lesser extent
Maharashtra, have been successful in implementing plans for medical services,
but other states, including Bihar and Orissa, have not Better coordination
between the federal government and the states is required, and in some states,
redesigned strategies might be more effective than homogeneous ones.
Furthermore, to increase the clarity, quality, and feasibility of an arrangement
or plan, there is a need for improved cooperation between private elements,
local communities, common society, NGOs, and the government.
So, at last we understand that government has not totally responsible for
failures of implementing schemes and policy. Awareness, efficiency of government
and authorities, bureaucracy also matters to implement efficiently any schemes