A Company Secretary is a vital member of any organization, responsible for
ensuring that the company complies with legal and regulatory requirements and
for providing advice on good corporate governance. They play a crucial role in
ensuring that the company is run efficiently and ethically.
In practice, a Company Secretary is typically a qualified professional who works
independently, providing advice and support to clients on a wide range of
corporate governance and compliance issues. They may work for a law firm, an
accounting firm, or as an independent consultant. They are responsible for
ensuring that companies comply with the relevant laws and regulations, including
the Companies Act, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)
regulations, and the Listing Agreement. They also advise companies on corporate
governance issues, such as board composition and performance, and help companies
to implement best practices in these areas.
In employment, a Company Secretary is a full-time employee of a company and is
responsible for ensuring that the company complies with legal and regulatory
requirements. They are responsible for providing advice to the board of
directors and management on corporate governance issues and for ensuring that
the company is run efficiently and ethically. They also play an important role
in the company's compliance with various laws and regulations, including the
Companies Act, SEBI regulations, and the Listing Agreement. They also assist the
company in managing its relationships with stakeholders, such as shareholders
The roles and responsibilities of a Company Secretary in practice and employment
are similar, but there are some key differences. In practice, a Company
Secretary is typically an independent professional who works with a wide range
of clients, while in employment, they are a full-time employee of a single
company. In practice, a Company Secretary may have more flexibility in terms of
the projects they work on and the clients they work with, while in employment,
they are typically focused on the needs of a single company.
The scope of growth for a Company Secretary is very good in both practice and
employment. In practice, as a company secretary one can grow as a consultant and
can have a wide range of clients. In employment, a Company Secretary can grow
within the company and can take up higher positions such as chief compliance
officer or head of legal department.
Key roles handled by CS
Ensuring compliance with legal and regulatory requirements: The company
secretary is responsible for ensuring that the company complies with all
relevant laws and regulations, such as filing annual reports and maintaining
Managing company meetings:
The company secretary is responsible for organizing and managing company
meetings, such as annual general meetings and board meetings.
Acting as a liaison between the company and shareholders:
The company secretary acts as a point of contact between the company and its
shareholders, providing information and answering questions as needed.
Managing company records:
The company secretary is responsible for maintaining accurate and up-to-date
records of the company's activities, including financial records and minutes of
Advising the board of directors:
The company secretary provides advice and guidance to the board of directors on
a wide range of issues, including corporate governance and compliance with laws
Maintaining the company's statutory books:
The company secretary is responsible for maintaining the company's statutory
books, such as the register of members and the register of directors.
Preparing and filing annual returns:
The company secretary is responsible for preparing and filing annual returns,
such as the annual return and the annual accounts, with the relevant
Dealing with correspondence and communications:
The company secretary is responsible for dealing with correspondence and
communications on behalf of the company, including letters, emails and other
forms of communication.
In conclusion, both being a Company Secretary in practice and in employment have
their own set of advantages and disadvantages. While being a Company Secretary
in practice offers more flexibility and a wider range of clients, being a
Company Secretary in employment offers more stability and opportunities for
growth within a single company. Ultimately, the decision of whether to pursue a
career as a Company Secretary in practice or in employment will depend on an
individual's personal preferences and career goals.