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Reforms In Haryana Police System

The word Policeis derived from a Latin term Politia which means state or administration. The Police is primarily concerned with the maintenance of law and order and security of person and property of individuals. The Haryana Police Department is the law enforcement agency for the state of Haryana. The Haryana Police was formed on 1 November,1966 and today around 56,748 employees are still working in Haryana Police and The Motto of Haryana Police is Sewa Suraksha Sahyog.

Haryana Police is had become a first police force in the country who launched FIR (First Immediate Response) application is an emergency mobile application that helps its user seek immediate help from Police with a single click of a help button to be used by women, senior citizens and anyone who needs Police help in an emergency situation. FIR app was launched in Faridabad, Haryana by the Hon. CM Shri Manohar Lal Khattar and Commissioner of Police Faridabad.

Haryana Police comes under direct control of Department of Home Affairs, Government of Haryana. The Haryana Police is headed by Home Minister. The Haryana State Police Head quarter is located in Sector 6, Panchkula. Haryana Armed Police (HAP) has 5 battalions, 3 at Madhuban, one at Hisar, and one at Ambala.

Hierarchy of Haryana Police:

Haryana Police officers include Director General Of Police (DGP), Additional Director General Of Police, Inspector General Of Police (IG), Deputy Inspector General Of Police (DIG), Senior Superintendent Of Police (SSP), Superintendent Of Police (SP), Deputy Superintendent Of Police (DSP), Inspector Of Police, Sub Inspector Of Police (SI), Assistant Sub Inspector Of Police (ASI), Head Constable, Constable.

Project Sakhi - 100 Scooters to Haryana Mahila Police:

Hero MotoCorp under it's CSR initiative supported Project Sakhi by handing over 100 scooters to CM of Haryana on occasion of Mahila Police Day in Hisar. These scooters will be sent to 20 districts of Haryana which will be used by women Police officers.

Operation Shrimaan launched by Haryana Police:

In a novel move to secure and maintain public respect, Haryana Police has decided to launch a month long Operation Shrimaan to ensure treating the public with courtesy and respect across the state. These instructions were given by the Former DGP, Mr B.S. Sandhu on January 2019.

Haryana Police Act, 2007

Haryana Police follows theHaryana Police Act , 2007. This act provide a new state police law for establishment, regulations and management of the Police, redefine its role, duties and its responsibilities and to enable it to function as an efficient, professional, effective, people friendly by talking into account the emerging challenges of policing, enforcement of rule of law, the concern for security of state and the people, good governance and human rights.

Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

Sections from 154 to 176 of chapter -12 of CrPC gives power to investigate to police

These are given below:-

Section 154 - Information in cognizable offences.

Section 155 - Information as to non-cognizable cases and investigation of such cases.

Section 156 - Police officer have a power to investigate in cognizable cases.

Section 157 - Procedure for investigation.

Section 158 - Report how submitted.

Section 159 - Power to hold investigation or preliminary inquiry.

Section 160 - Police officer's power to require attendance of witness.

Section 161 - Examination of witness by police.

Section 162 - Statements to police not to be signed.

Section 163 - No inducement to be offered.

Section 164 - Recording of confessions and statements.

Section 164A- Medical examination of the victim of rape.

Section 165 - Search by police officer.

Section 166 - When officer incharge of police station may require another to issue search warrant.

Section 166A- Letter of request to competent authority for investigation in a country place outside of India.

Section 166B- Letter of request from a country or place outside India to a court or an authority for investigation in India.

Section 167 - Procedure when investigation cannot be completed in 24 hours.

Section 168 - Report of investigation by subordinate police officer.

Section 169 - Release of accused when evidence deficient.

Section 170 - Cases to be sent to Magistrate when evidence is sufficient.

Section 171 - Complainant and witnesses not to be require to accompany police officer and not to be subject to restraint.

Section 172 - Diary of proceeding in investigation.

Section 173 - Report of police officer on completion of investigation.

Section 174 - Police to inquire and report on suicide etc.

Section 175 - Power to summon persons.

Section 176 - Inquiry by Magistrate into cause of death.

Legal Functions of Police:

1. To arrest the person.
2. Present the accused in the court within 24 hours.
3. Make interrogation with accused for further investigation.
4. Police have a power to search and seizure.
5. Police have a duty to maintain the data of evidence in inquest register.
6. Police acts as a prosecutor also in court in some cases.
7. Police helps to tracing out the missing person.

There is no doubt that Haryana Police is one of the top law enforcing agencies in India. It has high technology weapons or cars, police zeepcies etc. but than also there is an some main points which makes a Haryana Police weak like: burden of job, salary is not upto work, promotion is not on time or mentally pressure etc. So in short we can say that more changes are required in Haryana Police.

Criminal Procedure Code, 1973
The Haryana Police Act,2007

Book Referred:
Prof. N.V Paranjape Criminology Penology & Victimology

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