Ragging, or hazing, is a common problem in educational institutions across
India. Despite being banned by the Indian government and several state
governments, the practice continues to persist, leading to a growing number of
incidents of physical and psychological abuse. However, the complexity of
ragging laws in India makes it difficult for victims to seek justice and for
perpetrators to be held accountable.
In India, the law against ragging is governed by the Prevention of Ragging Act,
1997 and its amendments. The act defines ragging as "any disorderly conduct whether by words spoken or written or by an act which has the effect of teasing, treating or handling with rudeness a fresher or any other student".
The act also states that ragging is a punishable offence and that students involved in ragging can face fines and imprisonment. Despit these laws, ragging continues to be a widespread problem in Indian educational
institutions. One reason for this is that the laws against ragging are complex
and difficult to enforce.
For example, the laws do not provide a clear
definition of what constitutes ragging, making it difficult for law enforcement
agencies to determine whether an incident falls under the purview of the act.
Additionally, the act does not provide clear guidelines for institutions on preventing
and reporting ragging, making it difficult for institutions to take proactive
measures to address the problem.
Another reason for the continued prevalence of ragging is the lack of enforcement of
the laws. In many cases, incidents of ragging are not reported to the
authorities, either due to fear of retaliation or because students do not know
how to report the incidents. Even when incidents are reported, law enforcement
agencies often do not take prompt and effective action, leading to a lack of
accountability for perpetrators.
The complexity of ragging laws in India also creates difficulties for victims of
ragging who wish to seek justice. For example, the act does not provide a precise
mechanism for victims to report incidents, and the process for filing a
complaint can be lengthy and complicated. Additionally, the lack of effective
enforcement of the laws means that victims often do not receive the support
they need, leaving them feeling powerless and vulnerable.
In order to address the complexity of ragging laws in India and to effectively
prevent and address ragging, a number of steps need to be taken. Firstly, the
laws against ragging need to be revised to provide a clear definition of what
constitutes ragging and clear guidelines for institutions on preventing and
reporting the problem. Secondly, law enforcement agencies need to be trained
and equipped to handle ragging incidents effectively and to ensure that
perpetrators are held accountable.
Additionally, educational institutions need to take proactive measures to prevent ragging,
including creating a supportive environment for students and providing training
and resources for students and staff on how to prevent and report incidents of
ragging. Finally, there needs to be increased awareness and education about the
dangers and consequences of ragging, and a change in societal attitudes towards
In conclusion, the complexity of ragging laws in India makes it difficult for
victims to seek justice and for perpetrators to be held accountable. To
effectively address the problem of ragging in India, laws against ragging need
to be revised, law enforcement agencies need to be better equipped to handle
incidents, educational institutions need to take proactive measures to prevent
ragging, and awareness and education campaigns need to be launched to change
societal attitudes towards the practice.