File Copyright Online - File mutual Divorce in Delhi - Online Legal Advice - Lawyers in India

The Exigency Of Police Reforms In India

Police reform in India has been a topic of discussion for decades, as the country's law enforcement agencies have faced numerous challenges in terms of accountability, effectiveness, and public trust. The need for reform has become increasingly pressing in recent years, as incidents of police brutality, corruption, and discrimination have sparked nationwide outrage and calls for change.

With the increasing incidents of crime, it is imperative that the Indian police force is equipped to effectively address the security needs of the country's rapidly growing population. In light of these challenges, it is imperative that India undertake comprehensive police reform to modernize its law enforcement agencies and ensure that they serve the needs of all citizens fairly and effectively.

Major issues with Police in India:

Here are some of the major issues with police in India that highlight the exigency of police reform:

  1. Lack of accountability and transparency:
    Many incidents of police brutality and misconduct go unreported and unpunished, leading to a sense of impunity among officers.
  2. Inadequate training and equipment:
    Police officers often lack the training and resources necessary to effectively carry out their duties, leading to human rights violations and a lack of trust in the police.
  3. Corruption:
    Corruption is widespread in the police force, undermining public trust and hindering the effectiveness of law enforcement.
  4. Overreliance on force:
    The Indian police has a history of using excessive force to control crime and maintain order, leading to instances of police brutality and human rights violations.
  5. Bias and discrimination:
    There are instances of discrimination in the police force based on factors such as caste, religion, and gender, which further undermines public trust in the police.
  6. Lack of representation:
    The police force is often not representative of the communities it serves, leading to mistrust and a lack of cooperation between the police and the public.
These issues highlight the need for comprehensive police reform in India to modernize the country's law enforcement agencies and ensure that they serve the needs of all citizens fairly and effectively

Police reforms initiatives:

  1. Committees and Commissions:
    In India, several committees and commissions have been established over the years to address the need for police reforms. Some of the notable initiatives taken include:
    1. The National Police Commission (1977-1981):
      This commission recommended measures to improve the functioning of the police and make it more accountable to the public.
    2. The Padmanabhaiah Committee (2000):
      This committee was constituted to review the implementation of the recommendations made by the National Police Commission and suggest further reforms.
    3. The Soli Sorabjee Committee (2000):
      This committee was set up to review the Indian Police Act of 1861 and suggest amendments to make it more effective.
    4. The Malimath Committee (2000):
      This committee was constituted to suggest reforms in the criminal justice system, including the police.
    5. The Mukherjee Committee (2006):
      This committee was set up to recommend measures for modernizing the police force in India and improve its effectiveness.

    These committees and commissions have recommended several key reforms in areas such as police accountability, transparency, modernization, and improvement of working conditions. However, the implementation of these recommendations remains a challenge and continues to be a subject of ongoing debate and discourse.
  2. The Direction of Hon'ble Supreme Court in "Prakash Singh V. Union of India"
    In the case of Prakash Singh v. Union of India, the Supreme Court of India issued several directives for police reforms in the country. The court's directives aimed to make the police more accountable and independent, and to ensure that they function in a fair and impartial manner. Some of the key directives issued by the court include:
    1. Creation of a State Security Commission to ensure that the state government does not interfere in the functioning of the police.
    2. Appointment of a Director General of Police (DGP) through merit-based selection and fixing of a minimum tenure for the DGP to ensure independence.
    3. Separation of investigation and law and order functions of the police to prevent them from being influenced by political or other pressures.
    4. Constituting a Police Establishment Board to decide transfers, postings, promotions and other service-related matters of police officers of the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police and below.
    5. Establishment of a National Security Commission at the union level to prepare a panel for selection and placement of Chiefs of Central Police Organizations (CPOs).
    These directives of the Supreme Court aimed to bring about transparency and accountability in the functioning of the police in India and to ensure that they serve the interests of the people and not those of the political class.
  3. Model Police Act, 2006

Here are some key provisions of the Model Police Act 2006 that relate to police reforms in India:

  1. Separation of Law and Order and Investigation Functions:
    The act requires the separation of law and order and investigation functions, to ensure that the police can focus on investigating crimes and maintaining public order.
  2. Establishment of State Police Board:
    The act establishes a State Police Board in each state, which will serve as the governing body for the police. The board will be responsible for formulating policies and overseeing the performance of the police.
  3. Police Complaints Authority:
    The act establishes a Police Complaints Authority at the state level, to investigate complaints against the police.
  4. Reforms in Recruitment and Training:
    The act requires the adoption of fair and transparent recruitment procedures, and mandatory training for all police personnel.
  5. Use of Force:
    The act lays down guidelines for the use of force by the police, and requires the police to follow the principle of "minimum force."
  6. Code of Conduct:
    The act requires the development of a code of conduct for the police, which will outline the standards of professional conduct expected of the police.
  7. Community Policing:
    The act recognizes the importance of community policing and requires the police to involve the community in policing activities.
  8. Gender Sensitivity:
    The act requires the police to adopt a gender-sensitive approach and to ensure that women are treated with respect and dignity.
These are some of the key provisions of the Model Police Act 2006 that relate to police reforms in India

Objectives of the reforms
The objectives of the various reforms taken for police reforms in India are centered around improving the overall functioning and accountability of the police system in the country. These reforms aim to bring about a more transparent and efficient system, while also ensuring that the rights of citizens are protected and upheld.

One of the main objectives of these reforms is to enhance accountability and transparency in the functioning of the police. This is being achieved through the implementation of measures such as regular performance evaluations, more effective complaint mechanisms, and greater transparency in decision-making processes. These reforms aim to create a more responsive police system that is better equipped to address the needs and concerns of citizens.

Another objective of these reforms is to reduce political interference in the police system. This is being done by establishing clear lines of authority, reducing the role of politicians in appointments and promotions, and implementing strict codes of conduct for police officers. These reforms aim to ensure that the police are free to perform their duties without fear of retribution or pressure from political actors.

The reforms also aim to improve the resources and training available to police officers. This includes providing better equipment and technology, increasing investment in training and development, and ensuring that police officers are adequately compensated for their work. These measures aim to improve the capacity of the police to effectively enforce the law and protect citizens.

Finally, the reforms aim to address human rights violations and improve the treatment of citizens by the police. This is being done through the implementation of stronger protections for human rights, increased sensitivity training for police officers, and better mechanisms for addressing complaints of rights violations. These reforms aim to ensure that the police are able to perform their duties while respecting the rights and dignity of citizens.

Overall, the exigency of police reforms in India is driven by a need to create a more accountable, transparent, and efficient police system that better serves the needs of citizens. Through the implementation of these reforms, it is hoped that the police will be able to more effectively enforce the law and protect the rights of citizens

Way forward:
The following steps could be considered for police reforms in India:
  1. Independent and impartial oversight mechanism:
    The creation of an independent oversight mechanism to investigate complaints against police officers and bring accountability.
  2. Reforms in recruitment and training:
    Streamlining the recruitment process to eliminate political influence and ensuring that the training is focused on human rights, community policing and impartial investigation methods.
  3. Decentralization of police:
    Decentralizing the police force to improve its accountability and responsiveness to local communities.
  4. Reformation of use of force policies:
    Reforming use of force policies to ensure that excessive use of force is avoided and that the police use force only as a last resort.
  5. Better working conditions and equipment:
    Improving working conditions and providing modern equipment to police officers to enhance their capacity to perform their duties effectively.
  6. Strengthening the legal framework:
    Strengthening the legal framework to provide the police with the powers necessary to tackle crime while also protecting the rights of citizens.
  7. Community policing:
    Encouraging the implementation of community policing to improve relationships between the police and local communities and to address community concerns.
  8. Data collection and analysis:
    Improving data collection and analysis to help identify areas for improvement in the policing system.
Implementing these reforms would require sustained effort and cooperation from all stakeholders, including the government, police, civil society, and the public.

In conclusion, the exigency of police reforms in India cannot be overstated. The current system is plagued by several issues such as corruption, lack of accountability, and an ineffective leadership structure. These problems have led to a distrust of the police by the public and have hampered their ability to effectively perform their duties.

The time for change is now and it is essential that reforms are implemented to modernize the police force and restore the trust of the people in law enforcement. This can only be achieved through a comprehensive approach that addresses the root causes of the issues and implements sustainable solutions. The future of public safety in India depends on it.

Written By:
  1. Indrajeet Singh, A student of Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University Lucknow (U.P) and
  2. Ujeer Yadav, A student of Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University Lucknow (U.P)
Also Read:

Law Article in India

Ask A Lawyers

You May Like

Legal Question & Answers

Lawyers in India - Search By City

Copyright Filing
Online Copyright Registration


How To File For Mutual Divorce In Delhi


How To File For Mutual Divorce In Delhi Mutual Consent Divorce is the Simplest Way to Obtain a D...

Increased Age For Girls Marriage


It is hoped that the Prohibition of Child Marriage (Amendment) Bill, 2021, which intends to inc...

Facade of Social Media


One may very easily get absorbed in the lives of others as one scrolls through a Facebook news ...

Section 482 CrPc - Quashing Of FIR: Guid...


The Inherent power under Section 482 in The Code Of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (37th Chapter of t...

The Uniform Civil Code (UCC) in India: A...


The Uniform Civil Code (UCC) is a concept that proposes the unification of personal laws across...

Role Of Artificial Intelligence In Legal...


Artificial intelligence (AI) is revolutionizing various sectors of the economy, and the legal i...

Lawyers Registration
Lawyers Membership - Get Clients Online

File caveat In Supreme Court Instantly