Emerging trends are always a subject matter of debate and Gig
Economy is one among them. The social security code has defined Gig worker as,
"A person who performs work or participates in a work arrangement and Earn
form such activities outside of traditional Employer-Employee relationships.
that many Gig workers have Actually Entered the Field. This preview outside the
formal Sect of Employment had Enhanced Emergence of Innumerable Employee
opportunities. While few claim they are constrained to work in Gig Economy for
sake of survival, they are also people who claims acting both spiritual Material
Fulfillment. Undoubtedly, on one hand the social security code will be providing
plenty of welcoming recognition of Gig workers, but on the other hand, the code
had created few impediments like that of compulsory registration.
This research work will be basically analysis about the level of protection
provided for the Gig workers under the social security code, 2020, and will further
examine as to whether the said code had completely plugged in the loopholes in
Review of Literature:
- In this Article on Gig worker in India by NITI.GOV.SITES. Describe of
the Social security of Gig workers.
NITI Aayog's report on 27th June 2022 Released a report on India's
Booming Gig and platform Economy, Which in turn cities the current report By
International forms on India S Gig Economy. The Economic Survey 2020-21
has Noted that India has all needy Emerged as one of the world's largest
countries for Felix-staffing (Gig and Platform work) the IL O's 2021 world
Employment and Social outlook report states that the number of digital labor
platforms has brown five fold over the last decade.
If was Estimated that:
7.7 million workers ware Engaged in the Gig
Economy, (2020-21) they constituted to around 1.5% of the total workforce in
India, and it Expected to ride up to 23.5 million workers by 2029-30, 4.1% of
total livelihood in India by then.
Chapter 6 of the report specifically deals in Great detail, with the social
security polities that can be adapted to the Gig workers and presents Global
Examples where countries such as the US, UK, Singapore, South Africa, Hong
Kong have a needy made laws to confer such Benefits.
- In this Article onlawvhoomi.com describe the (A comparative study of Gig
workers) Unaddressed problems of Gig workers.
Digital labor platforms are newly developed and still developing.
Developing countries like India's the Indian market are new to this trend. So,
the Indian courts don't chair any Exposure to Issues arising out of this and there
was no specific legislation in respect to these Gig workers were panes.
And these Gig workers are also not considered under the existing labor
laws as the legislation and Judiciary System are still in the confusion to place
them under existing laws due to the nature of work done by the Gig workers.
These Gig works are not considered as employer under Indian law.
existing labor laws in India consider only the employers under the government
sector, private sector and public sector undertaking and others defined under the
act. As a result, the Gig workers are not entitled to any of the benefits such as
minimum wages, maternity leave, paid holidays, compensation for termination,
stipulated working hours and forming of trade union as such.
- In this article Rajasthan state government implement to the Gig worker
welfare act and funds: (In India First Time)
In a First, the Rajasthan Government on Feb 10 said that the state will
launch Rs.200 crone fund to protect Gig workers chief minister Ashok Gehlot
announced the enactment of the Gig workers welfare act, the establishment of a
Board's a welfare fund of Rs.200 crone in his government's budget for 2023-24.
Gehlot said Gig workers work with companies like ola, uber, Swiggy,
Zomato, Amazon and others and their numbers are Increasing, to protect then
form harassment and something else.
- In European parliament 2019, social protection of Gig Economy worker in
the European union.
Social protection of Gig Economy workers in the European Union. This
report by the European parliament provides an overview of the social protection
of Gig workers in the EU, Including the challenges and opportunities associated
with providing social protection in the Gig Economy.
- In International social security association (2018). Social security and
Social security and the Gig Economy, this article by the International social
security association discusses the challenges of providing social security for Gig
workers and proposes potential solutions, such as the creation of a universal
basic Income or a portable benefits system.
- In Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (2019) social
protection of the self Employed and Gig Economy workers.
Social protection of the self employed and Gig Economy workers. This
report by the organisation for economic-co-operation and development (DECD)
provides an overview of the social protection of self-employed workers and Gig
Economy workers including the challenges of providing social protection in a
rapidly changing labor market.
- Journal of European social policy 2020 comparative Analysis of policy
responses in US and EU.
A comparative Analysis of policy responses in the US and EU. This article by
the journal of European social policy provides a comparative analysis of social
security polities for Gig workers in the US and EU, including the challenges and
opportunities Associated with different policy approaches.
National Law University Delhi (2020) Gig workers and the law: A review of
existing Frameworks in India.
A review of existing frameworks in India. This report by the national law
university Delhi provides an overview of the legal framework governing Gig
workers in India including the social security challenges Faced by these
International labor organization (2018). The social protection of Gig
workers in India.
This report by the international labor organization provides an overview of
the social protection challenges faced by Gig workers in India and proposes
various policy options to address these challenges.
Center for sustainable employment, Azim Premji university (2020) current
This report by the centre for sustainable employment at Azim Premji
university provides an overview of the social security challenges faced by Gig
workers in India and argues for the Need for a separate law to address these
Statement of problem:
- One of the primary object times of a separate law for Gig workers in
- Need for social security in health insurance, Maternity benefits,
Schemes and Need for safe working condition.
- Regulating platform companies.
- Lack of access to social security benefits.
- Low and irregular income.
- Limited bargaining power.
- Unclear Legal status.
- No separate laws in India for Gig workers.
- Lack of health Insurance, Retirement Benefits.
- Unpredictable work hours.
- No Job security
- What are the social securities in online platform workers?
- What awe the separate legislation available? If not available, How to
Initiated to make separate law for Gig workers?
- What are more benefits available in Gig workers?
- What awe the potential Implication for their economic security and will
- What are the working condition and experiences of Gig workers in India's
what are the Implications for their livelihoods, will being, and social
- Whether Gig worker Guidelines and conditions are only Regulate the
security of Gig workers?
- What are Issues faced Gig worker in Every day process of working?
- If people misused Gig workers and Discriminate and Insult of her
- What is the reason degree Holders select this profession and if they
satisfied this work?
The Research Gap in the study of Gig workers in India is the lack of
comprehensive data on the demographics, working conditions, and experiences of
Gig workers across various sectors. While there have been some studies on
specific segments of the Gig Economy, such as ride haling or food delivery, there
is a need for more systematic and cross sectoral research that covers a wider range
of Gig work.
Furthermore, there is limited research on the social and economic
implications of Gig work for both Gig workers and society as a whole.
This Includes issues such as income volatility, job security, acers to social
protections and benefits and the impact of Gig work on traditional employment and
Finally, there is a need for more research on policy interventions and
regulatory frameworks that can effectively address their challenges faced by Gig
workers in India. This includes examining the feasibility and impact of various
models of social protection and benefits as well as the potential for collective
bargaining and other forms of worker organization in the Gig Economy. As my
view, In India, No separate law for Gig workers.
In compare to other countries Gig workers and our India gig workers, both
have right to work. In covid19 time Indian Gig workers work 24 hrs food delivery,
Amazon delivery, emergency hospitality workers. They have affected COVID 19
but that time also the Indian government didn't Enact any social security and
benefits for Gig workers.
They have affected mentally stress, so, any laws didn't line any appreciate in
them for working for covid19 period also, it's all are in my view in research
A possible hypothesis for research on social security for Gig workers could
be "providing social security benefits to Gig workers Improves their financial
stability and reduces their reliance on government assistance programs, resulting in
a more equitable and sustainable economy".
This hypothesis suggests that social
security benefits, such as retirement savings plans, health law coverage and
unemployment insurance, can help Gig workers overcome the challenges of
working in a Non-traditional employment arrangement. If also suggests that
providing such benefits can chair positive effects on the broader economy, by
reducing the burden on government assistance programme and promoting more
equitable income distribution.
Hypothesis is nothing but, tentative answer to the research question and that
shows a problem area and which need to be tested in the course of research.
The social security for online workers effectively not implements in
separate laws we saw some news about, "Gig workers suicide for not permanent
Job, salary, no social dignity form people.
The Rajasthan government take first
initiative step to give budget in budget day but, if, how to execute, if they take
effectively and it's not use of it. The Gig workers economy was weaker, they have
don't respect form people some people discriminate, insult, but no none
punishment for violation of dignity some to worker this field, but, the society also
not responsible for Gig workers.
Written By: A. Abuthahir
BCA, Ll.M (1 Year)