The word 'Homeopathy' is derived from two Greek words, Homois meaning similar
and Pathos meaning suffering. It was introduced in India in the 18th century. It
takes a holistic approach towards the sick individual through the promotion of
inner balance at mental, emotional, spiritual and physical levels.
With the passage of two important bills of the Ministry of AYUSH by the
Parliament, the country is all set to bring revolutionary reforms in the medical
education of Indian System of Medicine and Homoeopathy.
As seen on September 14th, 2020 the Lok Sabha passed the National Commission for
Homeopathy Bill, 2019, while it was already passed by the Rajya Sabha on 19th
March, 2020. The draft bill seeked to set up the National Commission for
Homeopathy and replace the Central Council of Homeopathy by amending the
Homeopathy Central Council (HCC) Act, 1973.
Homeopathy Central Council Act (1973)
The Homeopathy Central Council Act (1973) was enacted for constitution of a
Central Council of Homeopathy for regulation of education and practice of
homeopathy, for maintenance of Central Register of Homeopathy and for matters
This act has been modeled on the pattern of the Indian Medical Council act,
1956. The broad functions, constitution, regulation making powers are
identical to those of the Medical Council of India.
The act provides a base for the growth of medical education and practice in
homeopathy but there were some problems in the functioning of the council:
- It had resulted in harmful effects on medical education and on the
quality of Homeopathy healthcare services.
National Commission for Homeopathy Bill (2019)
Key Features of the bill:
- The bill seeks to repeal the Homeopathy Central Council Act, 1973 and
aims to provide the availability of adequate and high quality homeopathic
- The bill sets up the National Commission For Homeopathy , which will
consist of 20 members (Chairperson: The president of homeopathy education
board , the director general of National Institute of Homeopathy, President
of medical assessment and rating board for homeopathy in addition to other
members) appointed by the Central Government.
- The National Commission for Homeopathy will perform the following:
- Frame policies for regulating medical institutions and homeopathic medical
- Assess the requirements of healthcare related human resources and
- Ensure compliance by the State Medical Councils of Homeopathy of the
regulations made under the bill.
- Ensure coordination among the various boards set up under the bill.
The various autonomous boards are as follows:
Homeopathy Education Board: It will be responsible for formulating standards,
curriculum and guidelines for setting up of medical institutions and granting
recognition to medical qualifications at the undergraduate and post graduate
Medical Assesment And Rating Board: It determines the process of rating and
assessment of medical institutions and has the power to levy monetary penalties
on institutions which fail to maintain the minimum standards. It will also grant
permission for establishing a new medical institution.
Board Of Ethics And Medical Registration: It will maintain a National
Register of all licensed homeopathic medical practitioners and regulate their
professional conduct. Only those medical practitioners included in the register
will be allowed to practice homeopathic medicine.
Some Other Points To Be Noted:
Advisory Council For Homeopathy: The Council will be the primary platform
through which the states/union territories can put forth their views and
concerns before the NCH.
Entrance Examinations: There will be a uniform National eligibility cum
entrance test and an exit test for under graduate homeopathy education in all
medical institutions regulated under the bill.
The bill also proposes a National teacher's eligibility test for post graduates
of homeopathy who wish to take homeopathy as a teaching profession.
Appeal On Matters Related To Professional And Ethical Misconduct: State
Medical Councils will receive complaints relating to professional or ethical
misconduct against a registered homoeopathic medical practitioner. If the
medical practitioner is aggrieved of a decision of the State Medical Council, he
may appeal to the Board of Ethics and Medical Registration for Homoeopathy.
State Medical Councils and the Board of Ethics and Medical Registration for
Homoeopathy have the power to take disciplinary action against the medical
practitioner including imposing a monetary penalty. If the medical practitioner
is aggrieved of the decision of the Board, he can approach the NCH to appeal
against the decision. The appeal of the decision of the NCH lies with the