The Disaster Management Act, 2005 is an Act of the Parliament of India that
lays down the legal framework for the management of disasters in India. The Act
was enacted in response to the need for a comprehensive legal framework to
manage disasters, which had become increasingly frequent and severe in India.
The Disaster Management Act, 2005 provides for the creation of a National
Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) at the national level, and State Disaster
Management Authorities (SDMAs) at the state level. The NDMA is responsible for
laying down policies, plans, and guidelines for disaster management, while the
SDMAs are responsible for implementing these policies at the state level.
The Act provides for the creation of District Disaster Management Authorities (DDMAs)
at the district level, and for the establishment of a National Disaster Response
Force (NDRF) for the purpose of specialized response to disasters.
Under the Act, the Central Government is empowered to take measures for the
prevention of disasters, and to provide assistance to states in the event of a
disaster. The Act also provides for the creation of a National Fund for Disaster
Management, and for the establishment of State Disaster Response Funds at the
Overall, the Disaster Management Act, 2005 represents an important step towards
a more comprehensive and effective approach to disaster management in India, and
provides an important legal framework for the management of disasters in the
The Disaster Management Act 2005 is a comprehensive legislation that provides a
legal framework for managing disasters in India. The act aims to ensure timely,
effective, and coordinated response to disasters, and to minimize their impact
on life, property, and the environment.
The act provides for the constitution of a National Disaster Management
Authority (NDMA), State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMAs), and District
Disaster Management Authorities (DDMAs), which are responsible for formulating
and implementing disaster management plans at the national, state, and district
The act also provides for the establishment of a National Disaster Response
Force (NDRF), which is a specialized force responsible for disaster response and
relief operations. The act mandates that every state should have its own State
Disaster Response Force (SDRF) to complement the NDRF.
The act defines a disaster as a catastrophic event, which may be natural or
man-made, that causes significant damage or disruption to life, property, or the
environment. It lays down provisions for various aspects of disaster management,
including prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery.
National Disaster Management Plan.
The Disaster Management Act 2005 is an Indian law that provides for the
effective management of disasters and for matters connected therewith or
incidental thereto. It aims to minimize the impact of disasters on individuals,
families, and society as a whole.
Under the Disaster Management Act 2005, the National Disaster Management
Authority (NDMA) is responsible for preparing and implementing a National Plan
for Disaster Management. The National Plan is a comprehensive plan that outlines
the strategy for disaster management in the country and provides guidelines for
all stakeholders involved in disaster management.
The National Plan for Disaster Management outlines the following key
- Prevention of disasters and mitigation of their impact
- Preparedness to respond to disasters
- Response to disasters
- Recovery and rehabilitation after disasters
The plan also identifies the roles and responsibilities of various
stakeholders involved in disaster management, including the central government,
state governments, district administrations, and local bodies. It provides for
the establishment of a National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) to carry out
search, rescue, and relief operations during disasters.
The National Plan for Disaster Management also lays down the framework for the
establishment of a disaster management fund at the national, state, and district
levels. The fund is to be utilized for mitigation, preparedness, response, and
In summary, the National Plan for Disaster Management under the Disaster
Management Act 2005 is a comprehensive plan that outlines the strategy for
disaster management in India. It provides guidelines for all stakeholders
involved in disaster management and lays down the framework for the
establishment of a disaster management fund at various levels.
Under section 11 of the Act, national executive committee shall prepare the
national Plan which should be reviewed and updated manually and which shall
- Measures for prevention of disaster,
- Measures for interrogation of mitigation measures in the plans
- Measures for preparedness and capacity building to fight disaster
- Duties and responsibilities of ministries and department of the
government of India.
Under section 42 of the Act, the Central government shall constitute this
institute and prescribe it's members, terms of office and vacancies.
... main functions of the institute.
Develop training modules and undertake research and documentation. Formulate and
implement a comprehensive development plan. Assist the state government and
state training. Promote awareness among college students or school teachers.
Organise study courses, conference, lectures and seminars within and outside the
National disaster response force section 44
The NDRF shall be constituted to provide a specialised response at times of
threatening disaster situations with the help of trained professionals which
include medical staff, state level.
... State disasters management authority
.. Section 14
It will consists of members like chief minister of the state or the lieutenant
governor of the union territories as an ex officio chairperson of the state
authority. Other members not exceeding eight to be nominated by the chairperson
of the state authority.
Specifies the powers and functions
Section 25 District Disaster Management Authority, authorises the establishment
of the district DDMA
Under section 31 of the DP shall be prepared by the DA which shall include:
- Areas vulnerable to different disaster in the district
- Measures to be taken for prevention and mitigation of disaster
- Measures for capacity building and preparedness
In conclusion, the Disaster Management Act 2005 is a crucial legislation that
provides a legal framework for managing disasters in India. It has helped in
improving the country's disaster preparedness and response capabilities, and has
contributed to minimizing the impact of disasters on the country's people,
property, and environment.