Free and fair election strengthen democracy, it helps to gain public trust in
election - Hinesh Rathod
Let's start with the first question that What is Election Reform?
Election reform make the democratic strong more by inclusive more people under
the electoral system, it help to reduce corrupt practice, misuse of government
machinery, muscle power and money power in election.
Major issue In Indian Electoral Politics:
- Money Power:
Most of time Political parties and candidate exceed the permissible limit of
expenditure in election camping. Political parties try to win elections by
any means possible, they nominated candidate with a lot of money.
- Muscle Power:
Booth capturing, intimidation of local people and violence on polls are
leveraged to win elections. Rich people and companies who give funds have
influence on polices, it is called money and muscles power in politics.
- Criminalization and Politics:
Criminalization of politics means that the criminal entering the politics
and contesting election. In fact politician with strong criminal background
are also getting tickets from respective political parties.
- Misusing Government Machinery:
Using Government machinery for winning election such vehicles, tools and law
- Dynastic in Politics:
Due to the system of dynastic politics, common people and hardworking party
members who deserve are not able to reach the top. It is limit to succession
of political family member only.
Addressing the nation from Red Fort on the 76th Independence Day, Dated 15th
Day of August 2022 Prime Minister Narendra Modi said the two big challenges
before country are nepotism, dynasty, and corruption, asserting that we have
to fight against these together.
- Caste based Politics:
Caste also influences local politics in some areas. In many case, political
parties give tickets to party workers based on their caste to win elections
- Ethics and Moral value:
Democracy is a government of the people, to the people, for the people and
by the people, so free and fair elections are necessary for a healthy,
progressive and democratic country.
Coming to second question that background of Election Reform in India:
Reform And Amendments Done In Electronic Rights:
- Reduced Voting Age In India
It was the 61st Constitution amendment act of Indian Constitution in the
year 1988 which reduced the minimum right to vote age from 21 to 18 years
- Election Voting Machine System (EVM)
In the year 1988 EVM introduction for state assembly election of Rajasthan,
Delhi, Madhya Pradesh (Major reform in election before 2000)
- Contest Election from more 2 than constituencies in India
The candidates were not allowed contest election more than 2 constituencies
- Expenditure Limit in Election
The amount is set up for expenditure in election around 50 � 70 Lakh for Lok
sabha election only whereas for assembly expenditure INR 20-28 lakh only.
(Depending on the state they consenting the Lok Sabha and Assembly)
- Broadcasting Election result before final phase
Election commission stopped broadcasting election result before final phase
in order because it help to avoid misleading to voters.
- Awareness Program
Elections commission announced that 25th January will be celebrate as
National Voters Day for country to spread awareness and important of
- Prohibition on sale of Liquor
There is prohibition of sale distribution of liquor within limit of polling
- Disqualification on Conviction for Violating the National Honor Act
This shall lead to disqualification if found guilty under National Honor Act
- Time Limit For Bye election:
Bye-election to any house (Lok Sabha or Assembly) will be held within 6
months from the date of vacancy in that house.
- Disclosure of criminal records education and assets of political
In the year 2004, the Election Commission recommended that amendment be made
for the Form 26 of Conduct of Election Rules, 1961, to include disclosure of
assets and liabilities by candidates itself.
The Committee related to Elections reform in India:
- Goswami Committee on Electoral Reforms (1990)
- Vohra Committee Report (1993)
- Indrajit Gupta Committee on State Funding of Elections (1998)
- Law Commission Report on Reform of the Electoral Laws (1999)
- National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution (2001)
- Election Commission of India - Proposed Electoral Reforms (2004)
- The Second Administrative Reforms Commission (2008)
To become a strong democracy, it is necessary to instill public confidence in
the election process. Citizens must participate to cast their vote on polling
day to choose their government. (Your Vote is Your Voice). In nutshell, free and
fair elections help in becoming a progressive and healthy democracy.
Award Winning Article Is Written By: Mr.Hinesh Navratan Rathod, B.com, LLB student -Thakur Ramnarayan College of Law (TRCL), Mumbai
Authentication No: AP310448692098-14-0423