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Election Commission

The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administrating Election processes in India.

Objective- Constitutional Autonomous body conducts the elections to the office of the president & vice president of India , parliament, state legislative assemblies and legislative councils.

India’s 1st Chief Election commissioner was SUKUMAR SEN.

India’s 1st General Election was held in 1951-1952 in which 17.3 register voters were part of it.

Jurisdiction – Government of India
Headquarters – New Delhi
First executive – Sukumar sen
Preceding executive – Om Prakash Rawat

From India’s first General Election to 2019’s 17th general election there were several changes like-

Article 326 known as Universal adult franchise & this article is our RIGHT TO VOTE. This right is our constitutional right and not the fundamental right.

Till 1988 Article 326 said that voting age for every individual is 21 years. But in 1988, 61th amendment came into force and it declared that from now the voting age of the individuals in India will be 18 years.

Our present and 23rd Chief Election Commissioner is Mr. SUNIL ARORA and in 2019’s 17th general election India’s most register voters were there and the number of voters were 90 Crore.


General Election-
Organs of government- legislative executive judiciary

Centre state
↓ ↓
Parliament State Legislature

Rajya Sabha Lok Sabha
Maximum -250 maximum-552
Current- 245 current 54
Rajya sabha- 233 members are from state
12 are nominated by president
Lok Sabha- 530 from state
20 from union territory
2 from anglo Indians appointed by president
In Lok Sabha any party which gets more than 50% seats formulate the government means they should get more than 272 seats or 272 seats.


Election Commission
Indian constitution- Part XV – Article 324-329 (ELECTION) Article 324 explains – In our country there will be an independent election commission who will conduct free and fare elections.
Parliament ( Lok Sabha & Rajya sabha)
State assembly ( Vidhan sabha)
President
Vice president

All fours elections will be conducted by election commission.
In 73rd and 74th amendment Panchayat Muncipality was introduced. All local authorities election will not be conducted by Election commission, there election will be conducted by state election commission.

Composition of Election Commission

  • Chief election commissioner, 2 election commissioner appointed by president.
  • All 3 have equal powers.
  • Disputes solved through majority.
  • Salary, basic allowances etc are similar to that of a supreme court.
  • Term of office is 6years or 65 years of age whichever is earlier.
  1. 1950 – 1989 (single body member)
  2. 16.oct.1989 ( multi body member)
  3. 1990 ( single body member)
  4. 1993-present ( multi body member)
  • Chief Election commissioner- SUNIL ARORA
  • Election Commissioner – ASHOK LAVASA SUSHIL CHANDRA


Responsible person for –
District – District election officer
State -Chief election officer
Parliament – returning officer

  • At the time of 1982, in India first time through EVM ( Electronic voting machine) votes were given. Then also till 1998 mainly through ballet paper votes were given. But from 2004 only EVM is used for voting.
  • At the time of voting a ink is used to mark on the figure of every registered voter that ink is known as INDELIBLE INK.

Conclusion
It is right of every individual to give vote and choose their own representative. Election commission controls the functions of the elections in India and changes all the basic things which are necessary for the betterment of it.

Reference-

  1. The constitution
  2. Finology legal
  3. wikipedia

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