India has been struggling significantly in recent years with drug abuse,
trafficking, consumption, and other issues. It is a multifaceted phenomenon with
several social, cultural, biological, geographical, historical, and economic
components. The conventional means of social control have become less effective
as a result of industrialization, urbanisation, and migratory trends. It's
important to stop drug usage from growing and becoming established.
Drug usage and criminality are closely related to one another. Drug use alters a
person's brain and behaviour; the majority of those who commit crimes do so
while impaired by the drug. Under the influence of narcotics, the likelihood of
committing suicide or domestic violence increases. Criminal activity is a common
strategy used by drug addicts. The research's main goal is to determine the
general answer to this question and how legislation might be created and applied
to mitigate its impacts. The researcher thought that the systems may yet be
A drug is any substance that, when consumed, alters the physiology or psychology
of an individual. Drugs can be ingested, inhaled, injected, smoked, absorbed
through the skin using a patch, suppository, or dissolved under the tongue.
The term "drug" refers to a variety of narcotic compounds rather than a single
type of drug because each type of narcotic substance might have different
effects, both qualitatively and quantitatively. India is a signatory to the
international drug convention, which has divided narcotics into two groups. such
as psychotropic chemicals and narcotics.
Given its impact on young people's development in terms of their physical,
psychological, moral and intellectual well-being, drug misuse, Among teens in
particular, is a big issue that needs to be addressed in today's culture. Over
190 million people use drugs worldwide, and the issue has been getting worse at
When people misuse drugs, whether they're legal or illegal, they're said to be
abusing them, such as by ingesting excessive dosages of prescription drugs that
are not their own. That is to say, heroin, cocaine, and other illegal narcotics
are not always the focus of drug misuse.
Drugs which are prescribed by the professions such as opioids, pain killers, and
ketamine and common household items such as paint thinners, spray paint and glue
can all be abused and become addictive.
The obsessive usage of psychoactive substances to the extent that the user has
no reasonable alternative but to continue using them is known as drug addiction.
Physical dependency and psychological dependency are the two halves of drug
- When a substance is used frequently and the body adjusts to its effects,
physical reliance happens. The user must therefore keep taking the drug to
feel normal because the withdrawal symptoms will appear if they stop.
- Psychological dependence is when a substance is used frequently and the
user's mind becomes emotionally dependent on the drug's effects-either to
feel pleasure or to block out pain-and feels incapable of surviving without
it. Drug addiction or routine chemical substance usage alters physical or
mental conditions for reasons other than medical.
Drugs have an impact on the brain's cognitive abilities, including judgement,
decision-making, memory, and learning. Additionally, it influences behaviour
that leads to harmful and destructive behaviours. Regular drug users harm their
families Physiologically and socially relationships, perform poorly at work, and
pose a physical risk.
Drug addiction by one person can have an impact on the
psychological health of family members, especially children, and increase their
risk of developing substance use disorders and health complications. In terms of
lost production, rise in criminal activity within the drug abuses criminality,
the spread of infectious diseases, and long-term health risks, it has enormous
costs for both society as a whole and each individual. By increasing the
prevalence of diseases like HIV, hepatitis B, and C through the Intra Venoms
method, substances like heroin are consumed, placing a strain on the healthcare
system. Drug users are more prone to get into accidents and kill themselves.
They also experience legal and financial difficulties due to frequent drug
Reasons for Drug Abuse
Drug misuse is not caused by a single factor or factor. It is diverse. There are
many causes, which can be categorised into six different groups: economic,
medical, social, psychological, sociocultural, and other reasons.
Correlation of Drug Abuse and Crime
- Economical reasons:
- Rapid urbanisation and industrialization represent a new way of life.
Addiction to drugs or alcohol often develops as a result of seeming failure in
business or the workplace or not having proper relationships with family and
- Unemployment is a significant factor, particularly for young people, in
the development of drugs. The age group with the highest expected rates of
unemployment is also the one where drug use and addiction are most prevalent
and they cause a lack of concentration.
- Drug misuse presents a challenging problem for employers because they
are under pressure to enhance productivity
due to competition. This results in a lack of productive employment and an
influence on the workplace. To stay in business, these firms must simultaneously
address significant human resource issues.
- Medical reasons:
- To escape from difficult illnesses:
People frequently use drugs to ease the
discomfort of painful illnesses, but they eventually develop a drug addiction.
Additionally, some addicts have neurological backgrounds that make it impossible
for them to live without using narcotic substances, which ultimately leads to
their becoming drug addicts or drug abusers.
- Dishonest Doctors:
The issue of the honesty of physicians and pharmacists is
more serious. There will be a great temptation to sell illegal drugs or
prescriptions for money. Profits are anticipated to exceed those of conventional
- Recent advancements in the fields of medicine and pharmaceuticals A
range of dangerous synthetic and unique compounds can now be produced
because of advancements in the pharmaceutical and medical sciences.
- Social reasons:
- Absence of parental supervision and care:
This issue is exacerbated by the
absence of parental supervision and care, which is partially a result of the
fact that both spouses are employed and the breakdown of the joint family
system. Families from the middle class, upper middle class, and upper class are
more likely to experience it.
- Frustration and emotional stress:
People who are experiencing frustration
and emotional stress from failures, tragedies, or other difficulties in life are
more likely to associate with addicts. Drugs are medicines in their eyes. They
quickly develop an increasing addiction and get associated and prove to become
- Hippie culture is another factor that keeps kids from becoming drug
addicts, and they often start out doing it for fun or enjoyment. They begin
using drugs or alcohol for pleasure purposes or as an experiment. Due to its
narcotic effect, consumption frequency gradually rises, and eventually, the
majority of users develop drug addiction and habitual use. It starts as an
occasional use then gets into a full-blown addiction.
- Lack of communication between parents and children:
Lack of communication
between parents and children who are addicts is another factor that contributes
to drug abuse. The faith of those who perform manual labour - Those
who perform manual labour frequently consume drugs like alcohol, opium, ganja,
etc. before that to give them more power and vigour to withstand hard labour.
They become confirmed addicts as a result of their delusion that using narcotics
will restore their physical vitality.
- Social disorder:
Another element that contributes to drug abuse or overuse is
social disorder. A person may become addicted to alcohol or drugs as a result of
ongoing family conflicts and breakdowns brought on by poverty, temperamental
differences, neighbourhood influences, etc.
- Psychology reasons:
- Lack of understanding of child psychology:
Lack of knowledge about child psychology is one of the factors contributing
to drug abuse.
- To improve psychophysical performance by minimising unpleasant physical
symptoms like pain, sleeplessness, and exhaustion or by overriding physiological
requirements like sleep and hunger.
- Social and cultural reason:
The primary sociocultural component is - In several states of our nation, there
is a long history of social occasions, holidays, and festivals embracing drug
usage as part of the norm. Additional causes include the notion that drugs might
relieve hunger, heighten sexual arousal, and promote relaxation.
- Various causes:
Drug misuse is not caused by a single factor or factor. It is diverse. Most drug
users begin using drugs out of curiosity, a burning need to learn, an interest
in the effects, a desire for some sort of experience, an enjoyment of the drugs'
short-term effects, and the use of drugs by their peers. They may wish to break
the law to escape boredom, as part of growing up, under the influence of their
friends and peer group, a lack of affection and understanding, or simply because
"dance drugs" are a part of their life and local youth culture.
As a result, the onset of drug addiction occurs when someone begins to use
alcohol or narcotic drugs to relieve their stress at work, whether consciously
or unconsciously, to cope with family issues, to hide feelings of resentment or
depression, to eliminate unsettling mental restlessness, etc. Instead of dealing
with the reality of life, he would rather stay in the realm of his imagination.
He gradually develops an addiction to drugs, and his dependence on them
increased at a relatively faster rate. Eventually, he reaches a point where he
can no longer function without drugs because they have become a part of his
In the modern era, addiction has had such a profound impact on
Indian culture that even journalists, legislators, educators, and other
professionals have begun to discuss this issue, particularly on college
campuses. When it comes to young people, normal daily functioning almost always
declines. Sleeping in late, mood swings, declining academic performance, and behavioural issues like aggression, rebelliousness, hyperactivity, lack of
concentration, and so forth are frequently overlooked by family members as signs
of adolescence rather than indications of addiction. Addicts frequently steal,
lie, and deceive family members to support their habit, with which they become
preoccupied and they lose their integrity through Drug abuse.
Drug usage and criminality are closely related to one another. Drug use alters a
person's brain and behaviour; the majority of those who commit crimes do so
while impaired by the drug. Under the influence of narcotics, the likelihood of
committing suicide or domestic violence increases. Criminal activity is a common
strategy used by drug addicts. As an expensive drug like heroin, for instance,
its increased use has led to an increase in economic crimes like snatching,
robbery, and theft. Additionally, No employers hire those who utilise drugs,
which forces them to engage in criminal activity and illegal activities like
drug trafficking, prostitution, and smuggling to support themselves. The illicit
production and distribution of drugs have fuelled crime and violence all over
the world. Delinquency has increased as a result of teenagers and adolescents
Criminals and offenders are not treated properly or adequately after being
arrested. As a result, they relapse into drug addiction and carry on with their
illegal behaviour. The best way to lower drug abuse and consequently criminal
activity is through treatment and they are not properly taught drug abuse or
prevention or they aren't sent to Rehab.
The drug causes crime:
At the moment, drugs constitute a significant factor in a substantial portion of
The following are possible categories for drug-related crimes:
- Violations of the drug laws themselves.
- Crimes committed by drug traffickers
- Criminal acts are undertaken by drug addicts to fund their drug usage.
- Drug addicts who commit crimes while under the influence of medication.
Because this is frequently a trade that generates significant unexplained
revenue, it not only threatens the fabric of society but also harms the nation's
economic system. Money leads to the implementation of various cash-laundering
The revenue is used for a variety of things, including terrorist and
anti-national actions. Drug trafficking has dramatically expanded over the
years, and much like any infection, drug use has no boundaries or restrictions.
It infected every civilised society, regardless of caste, creed, culture, or
geographic location, spreading from country to country and across the globe. The
communication infrastructure and transportation options have significantly
improved recently. Additionally, this has significantly increased drug traffic
in Narcotics. Despite the harsh penalties stipulated by "Narcotic Drugs and
Psychotropic Substances Act," the drug trade is prepared to thrive. They are
prepared to circumvent the legal system and seriously destroy the nation's
social and economic system, especially the next generation. This has a
significant negative impact on the nation's multifaceted development and
socioeconomic process. As time goes on, the penalties for drug trafficking get
increasingly severe, yet they are still not adequate to address the root of the
issue. India has long acknowledged the problems with drug misuse and
The Indian Parliament has replaced the Opium Acts of 1857 and 1878,
the Damaging Drugs Act of 1930, and the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic
Substances Act of 1985 with a comprehensive drug law that imposes severe current
and future prison terms as well as significant fines on offenders.
But it hasn't been helpful because still, the drugs flow in the system. Bail
regulations are fairly strict. Ten years is the bare minimum penalty. The amount
that can be legally owned for personal use has been set by the government, and
there is a penalty for exceeding those limits. The quantity is so small that it
might not even be enough for a single use, which is one of the criticisms of
this provision raised through amendment, and such provision makes it difficult
for drug addicts to openly seek medical help and rehabilitation.
One of the
reasons for the Act's low conviction rate is the harsh minimum sentence. As a
result, illicit drug traffic is extremely complicated and involves a wide
variety of drugs from numerous sources around the world. In addition to breaking
both national and international drug laws, it also engages in several related
activities that may lead to more crime rather than what the crime is already
present and this turns it into a socio-economical cascade of events which leads
to violent crimes and terrorism. The variety of illegal and criminal actions
connected to the trafficking of illegal drugs presents a challenge to law
enforcement organisations around the world.
Laws Relating to Drug Abuse in India
The Dangerous Drugs Act was passed in 1930 to tighten restrictions on drugs made
from coca, cannabis, and other sources by outlawing their growth, possession,
production, and distribution. The framework, which provides definitions for
various psychotropic substances including coca, opium, hemp, etc., is still in
effect in the current legislation.
To control the production and distribution of pharmaceuticals, including
cannabis and opium, the Drugs and Cosmetics Act was later passed in 1940. Since
Article 47 of the Indian Constitution, which specifies that the State shall
bring about the ban on the consumption of narcotics except for medicinal
grounds, was adopted in 1950, Drug Laws have taken on an entirely new dimension.
Drug programmes are justified even under the Directive Principles of State
Policy. Additionally, the Constitution added "Drugs and poisons" to the
concurrent list, allowing both the federal government and the states to enact
The Opium Acts and the Dangerous Drugs Act were replaced by the Narcotic Drugs
and Psychotropic Substances Act, which was enacted by the Indian Parliament in
1985. It was passed to impose controls over psychoactive chemicals, increase
enforcement capabilities, provide suitable sanctions for drug trafficking, and
execute international agreements to which India was a party. The Act underwent
some modifications in 1989, 2001, and more recently in 2014.
Procedures for "ears," "seizure," and "arrest" of people in public and private
locations are outlined in the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS)
Act 1985, which also includes measures for drug regulation. According to the
number of narcotics involved-small, intermediate, or commercial-punishments are
meted out. Small quantities can result in a maximum one-year rigorous prison
sentence, a fine of up to Rs 10,000, or both. Intermediate quantities can result
in a rigorous prison sentence of up to 10 years and a fine of up to Rs 1 lakh,
while commercial quantities can result in a rigorous prison sentence of up to 20
years and a fine of between Rs 1 lakh and Rs 2 lakh.
However, bail is available
for persons who have been detained for infractions as trivial as intoxication
and possession of a tiny amount. The law formerly imposed the death sentence for
specific repeat drug-related crimes. Later, the death penalty under Section 31A
of the NDPS Act was replaced with a 30-year prison sentence as an option by a
2014 amendment. The NDPS Act enables governments and organisations to establish
treatment centres and allocate cash (National Fund) for their use. In
small-scale offences, courts can also direct offenders to treatment.
The Act contains procedures to control the production and distribution of
narcotics, despite its primary focus being on punishment. It gives the federal
and state governments the authority to create regulations and approve
drug-related activities for use in medicine and science. To monitor and control
drug misuse, punish offenders, and most crucially mitigate the impacts of
substance abuse in the nation, India has developed and implemented several
statutes, beginning with the constitution.
Proper authorities' actions in situations of drug abuse
The Central and State Governments are working to implement rigorous measures to
curb such misuse activities and release Indian youths from their clutches as
drug abuse cases in India are suddenly on the rise.
The following are some of
the significant actions taken by the Indian authorities:
- The Ministry of Social Justice has issued a statement advising the states to develop an action plan for programmes of prevention and sensitization in schools and colleges to educate Indian youth about the dangers of drug abuse.
- Every year on June 26th, the world observes the International Day against Drug Usage and Illicit Trafficking to raise awareness of the negative impacts of drug abuse.
- The federal government has developed the Scheme for Prevention of Alcoholism and Substance (Drug) Abuse, which offers financial support for operating and maintaining Rehabilitation Centres for Addicts.
- To assist drug misuse victims and help them leave their abused conditions, the Central Government developed several deaddiction centres.
- To determine the number of people with substance use disorders, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment conducts a national survey with assistance from the National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, AIIMS, and New Delhi.
The entire purpose of Indian law is to combat the illegal trade of drugs. The
Central Bureau of Investigation, the Department of Customs, the Central Excise
Narcotics Commissioner, the Central
Some of the machinery utilised for this purpose at the control level includes
the Economic Intelligence Bureau, the Directorate of Revenue Intelligence, the
Border Security Force, and the Drug Controller. Alcoholism and drug addiction
are threats that are managed at the state level by the state's narcotics
enforcement and excise police. The Narcotic Control Bureau, a centralised
organisation with many duties, has been established.
The main functions of the bureau are
- Coordinating all enforcement efforts between multiple federal and state
- Implementing sanctions against illegal drug trafficking following
international agreements, treaties, and protocols. 3) Assistance to foreign
authorities who require it.
According to the Narcotic Control Board (NCB) in India, anyone convicted of a
drug offence should automatically forfeit whatever property they have acquired
using money from illegal drugs. The NDPS Act has made provisions for the
creation of special courts to facilitate the quick trial of drug users and
traffickers. Particularly, the issue of drug usage, abuse, and trafficking has
broad implications. The organised criminal groups involved in drug smuggling
span international borders. The problem of drug addiction and misuse is a
An efficient control mechanism must be developed to prevent the
unrestrained manufacture of pharmaceuticals and their open market sale. The
current licencing system is insufficient for exerting effective control over the
manufacturers of narcotics, particularly cannabis and alcohol. The drug and
alcohol epidemic has been steadily growing as a result of improper application
and enforcement of drug-related legislation. The public's support and
cooperation through active publicity programmers are crucial for this goal.
Law plays a crucial part in the criminal justice system, including crime
prevention and crime management. The recent criminalization of politicians gives
unwelcome protection to career criminals, and various pressures are put on the
police to be forgiving of the offender. In certain cases, the police are even
forced to dismiss the criminal case. The police are negatively impacted by this,
which benefits offenders.
Courts typically tend to view the evidence presented
by police with mistrust. The cornerstone of any such effort is the
rehabilitation and social reintegration of an addict. Therefore, programmers for
psycho-social counselling of the addict and his family/peer groups, programmers
for vocational training/rehabilitation, and comprehensive programmes for
aftercare and follow-up must all be compulsorily integrated into delivery
The need for awareness
The majority of people believe that addicts have a choice, but because addiction
is a chronic condition, they need professional help. Drug addiction has an
influence on families in addition to the drug user. They experience
psychological stress, deal with social repercussions, and are forced into a
financial crisis. To encourage a society free from drug misuse, June 26 is
recognised as the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking.
To increase awareness, people, groups, and organisations from around the world
work together. You can help in the fight against drug addiction by volunteering
or by giving to organisations that aim to stop drug use and help addicts rebuild
What is the Indian Government doing?
The establishment of a national toll-free helpline number, 1800-110031, by the
Indian government is a significant step toward helping drug and alcohol abusers
and reducing drug abuse in India. The helpline was established to implement
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's strategy to end the drug abuse epidemic in
India and support the current victims in a successful recovery.
VMD Namboodiri provides a table on the psychological, toxic unfavourable effect,
and withdrawal system of substance abuse in his book "concise book of
Psychiatry" from 2005. Additionally, he brought up the drug's pleasurable
effects. The drugs addressed in this table include marijuana, cocaine,
amphetamines, caffeine, nicotine, sedatives and hypnotics, alcohol, opioids, and
volatile solvents. He paints a very clear image of drugs and their consequences
on his table.
The locations that make up the French link, the golden triangle, and the golden
crescent, where the supply of drugs comes from, have been revealed by Beena
Menon (1989) in her book "Drugs and the Evil of Addiction."
S.S. Chauhan (1986) discussed a variety of aspects of mental health in his book
"Mental Hygiene, A Science of Adjustment." He has also listed five behaviours
that a mentally healthy person might display, including a sense of
accountability, self-reliance, direction, a set of personal values, and
distinctiveness. The definitions of numerous terminologies that came into usage
in this study were provided by Satish Anand (1990) in his book "Dictionary of
Drugs." These terms include amphetamines, barbiturates, and benzodiazepines.
Hallucinogens, Opioids, Nicotine, Morphine, Cocaine, Cannabis, Opioids, and
Adaptations from Zuckerman D. Debenham and Moore (1993) in their
resource manual "People with Mental Illness" have given various types of mental
illness and their symptoms; the website www.bdu.edu/cprs/reas gives the
description and explanations on concurrent disorders of dual diagnosis, Impact
concurrency, and withdrawal symptoms. Tribhuwan Kapur's "Drug Epidemic Among
Young Indians" (1985) claimed that drug abuse causes handicaps and a drain on
wealth, demonstrating very clearly the detrimental effects of drug abuse on
Satish Anand (1990) stated that "drug abuse has taken root In his book,
"The Dictionary of Drugs," he goes on to further define addiction as
"psychological," indicating a clear connection between drugs and mental health
(per the WHO). In his book "Drug Epidemic Among Young Indians," Tribhuwan Kapur
(1985), also mentioned several health risks of drug addiction, including those
to the lungs, teeth, spine and muscles, ears, hair, skin, kidneys and heart,
genes and immunities, etc.
Robert W. Fergusson (1995) mentions several prominent causes of drug abuse and
also has included the nature of life and spiritual factor along with other
causes in his book "Drug abuse control."
Wallace WaUin (1999) in his book 'Personality maladjustment and mental hygiene
mentions "Narcotic States," which is the disassociation of mental and physical
(motor) due to drugs.
In his book HIV/AIDS and You, Thomson (2004) provides a precise explanation of
the consequences of opiates and heroin in both the short- and long term.
In "Research Study on Drug Abuse," published in (1992) and funded by the
Ministry of Social Welfare, MN Kama analyses, makes recommendations and presents
research findings that are strikingly comparable to and pertinent to those of
the current study.
In the book "Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry," authors Michael
Golden, Dennis Gath, and Richard Mayan (1989) discuss the
The connection between drug addiction and mental illness as well as the harmful
consequences of drugs on mental health. They also list chemicals and the organic
mental illnesses they induce.
In his book "The Narcotic 13 Drugs," Anil Aggrawal (1989) described possible
drug-related illnesses and the symptoms an addict can experience.
Bhim Sain (1991) then stated analogous withdrawal symptoms, some of which can be
fatal, in his book "Drug Addiction and Obscenity."
ICD 10, WHO (1992), "Classifications of Mental and Behavioral
Disorder" gave definitions and differences between Neurosis Psychosis mental
conditions brought on by drug abuse.
Solomon Keely (1982) presents the potential risks of multiple drug use, brain
dysfunction, and neuropsychological impairment of polydrug users, which is a
Dinesh Deman's "Sociology of mental illness," published in Jaipur in 1992, and
other earlier investigations have established this link. 10 per cent of male
drug users and 13 per cent of male alcohol users have mental illnesses,
respectively. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Alcohol, Drug Abuse
and Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA) in the USA began a long-term
collaborative project in 1978 intending to facilitate further advancements in
the classification and diagnosis of mental disorders, alcohol and drug-related
issues, and other problems.
The definition of a drug addict, according to Ausubel (1954), is "a person who
has chosen drugs as a means of evading the reality of life; access to drugs is
According to the World Health Organization (1957), addiction is a condition of
recurrent or chronic intoxication that is harmful to both the individual and
society and is brought on by the repeated use of either natural or synthetic
According to Hughes et al. (1979), drug abuse-and particularly narcotic
abuse-was predominant in households of lower socioeconomic status. For their
analysis, three crucial variables were picked: (i) the presence or absence of a
father in the household; (ii) the impact of socioeconomic position; and (iii)
the difficulties faced by the kids in school.
According to Sethi and Trivedi (1979), because of the impact of poor economic
situations and unhealthful home environments, drug addiction and drunkenness had
already reached alarming levels in rural areas of India.
According to Devendra Mohon (1986), the major contributing factors to drug abuse
in the school system, especially at the +2 stage in India, had been the
interpersonal and socio-demographic variables. He also opined that the three
factors viz., society, alcohol and home worked at the rest of drug addiction.
Statement Of Problems
Hypothesis Of Study
- There are a lot of drugs in the country's system
- The country needs better and more affordable rehabilitation programs.
- The state has to have strict laws about the flow of drugs into the
The article has two goals. The first is to investigate the social and economic
effects of drug usage from a broad, global viewpoint. Secondly, based on that
study, make recommendations for effective, integrated approaches to the
challenges of drug misuse prevention and control. The paper focuses mostly on
narcotics and psychotropic drugs, but it also discusses issues connected to the
abuse of other addictive substances like alcohol and tobacco when appropriate.
Aims And Objectives Of Study
- To identify the drug misuse issue;
- To comprehend the causes of substance addiction and the white plague
- To look into the government's drug policy;
- To research the preventative measures designed to address the issue
of drug usage.
The study under this research is made in the view of doctrinal research where
books, articles, and authentic data are collected from websites and the NDPS Act
that is narcotic Drugs and psychotropic substances act.
Scope And Limitation Of The Study
Only secondary data and the materials that have been gathered are used by the
India is experiencing a very high rate of drug problems. Is there a drug
problem, one could wonder? Or is the issue exclusive to drug laws? The issue is
that no two medications are the same. As a result, the issues are distinct.
Alcohol misuse and drug addiction should not be confused. It is an effort to try
and explain the psychological and sociological aspects that are in use and abuse
of every habit of it, which we recognise as the drug problem. The researcher is
looking for fundamental ideas and general solutions in this area.
The family's role in the life of a drug addict:
The normal order of things is thrown off when there is an addict in the family.
When an addict is present, the rules and limits that keep a family functioning
properly are bent or completely abandoned. Family members become lost as a
result of the time and effort they spend protecting the addict or trying to
manage his behaviour or drug usage.
The home is a child's first seminary, where they learn the majority of their
values, morals, and social skills. If the child's social and family environment
is unhealthy at this time, it will negatively affect his personality development
and cause him to do terrible things.
Families look for the finest ways to bring up their kids so that they have
happy, healthy, and fruitful lives. Parents frequently worry about whether their
children will start using drugs or already abuse them, such as alcohol,
cigarettes, marijuana, prescription drugs, and other addictive substances. The
National Institute on Drug Abuse's (NIDA) research has demonstrated the crucial
part parents play in shielding their kids from drug use.
Basically, due to drug abuse here, the victims of the drug abuse are the parents
who have to feel that their kids are total drug abusers. They are the first
victims of drug abuse and secondly, the person who is trying to stay clean or to
stay in remission is a second victim of drug abuse because he will be trying to
stay away from drugs but everybody treats him as an abuser. Due to this even
though the person is a remission goes back to being a drug abuser to stay away
from all the societal pressures.
And due to drug abuse, any person near the drug abuser is the third victim of
drug abuse because they want him/her to stay clean but the rehabilitation
centres are expensive so the parents don't know that their child is an abuser.
So, the pressures mostly fall on friends to make sure that the abuser is clean.
And the government has to make sure that the drugs are off the streets of this
country. The state must maintain a drug-free country for future generations.
Conclusion And Suggestions
The repercussions listed above demonstrate that youth substance and alcohol
addiction is an issue for society as a whole. However, these repercussions are
simply minor parts of the biggest and most significant effect of youth drug and
The main issue with highlighting the young generation is that they will serve as
the foundation for the future. Governments and nations have endeavoured
throughout history to correct many past errors by nurturing and fostering a
generation that will possess the most favourable traits. These qualities will
enable them to maintain the strength of the country. When this foundation is
experiencing significant issues of its own, things might get pretty challenging.
- Drug abuse is a psycho-socio-medical issue that needs to be addressed in
all aspects of an addict's life. The primary goal of building spaces for
non-profits is to make sure that local social welfare groups are best able
to mobilise the
support of the family and the community. The strategy aims to support social
workers in their efforts to persuade addicts to consent to detoxification and
subsequently maintain their drug-free lifestyle. It also aims to build the
family as a unit. The greatest way to maintain a drug-free lifestyle is to
inform them about the negative impacts of drug addiction and alcohol use.
and college-bound pupils would benefit the most from this type of schooling. The
media and non-profit social organisations can help deliver this instruction. The
regular curriculum in schools should include information and instruction about
the harmful effects of intoxication and drug addiction.
- The researcher believes that the best strategy for addressing the drug
abuse issue is prevention. As a result, the state government should create
prevention programmes using all available tools.
- Family programming:
It should strengthen family ties and connections and
foster parental skills. Practice drafting, discussing, and enforcing family
policies on substance misuse.
- School programmes to address drug abuse risk
factors such as aggressive behaviour, poor social skills, and academic
challenges. Likewise, emphasise the following abilities, self-control, emotional
awareness, communication, and social problem-solving.
The school must maintain and teach their students about the importance of why
drug abuse is very dangerous and which can destroy the life of the individual,
various programs such as prevention of drug consumption must be held in the
schools to provide an educational aspect of the prevention of drug abuse.
- Community programme :
The most effective way to develop multiple base programmes is through clubs, schools, and organisations that are based on
- The researcher has gathered a significant amount of social data about
addicts, conducted follow-up studies, and engaged in experiments, and she
believes that research programmes need to be developed.
- To create health legislation, which consists of a wide range of laws
addressing concerns related to people's welfare and quality of life. Health
law is essential given the development of medical and public health
- To change the current law:
It is necessary to alter the current legislation. The current legal
framework has to be applied more precisely. The state is required to operate
with near coordination among all of its departments. To create a separate
drug court and handle the volume of drug cases. because they waste time and
energy at every step.
To handle the complexity and volume of drug cases, it may be necessary to specialise in measures such as intelligence
surveillance, seizure prosecution and adjudication, sentencing, prison probation
and parole. As a result, special drug courts may be required to handle the
caseload of drug cases.
Written By: Adv.Priya Tripathi
(Lawyer and LLM Scholar)
- An article, Drug Trafficking in India, dated 29th Nov. 2011
- NCBI, India has a widespread drug problem, report says, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC443486/
- Donita Quadros, Rajiv Yadav, Victims of Drug Abuse and the Law Enforcement: A field intervention, https://tiss.edu/uploads/files/Donita_Victims_of_Drug_abuse_and_law_enforcement.pdf