The term artificial intelligence (AI) is prominent in the today's world of
technology. In so many ways, it is still a developing science in light of the
problems presented by the twenty-first century. AI use has been established in
daily life. Since AI has such a significant influence on human existence now, it
is difficult to comprehend a world without it. Simply define, artificial
intelligence (AI) is the study of how people think, work, learn, and decide in
every situation in life, whether it is connected to problem-solving, learning
something new, thinking logically, or coming up with a solution, etc.
Cybercrimes are becoming pretty common and frequently reported in the news. It
is a global challenge, not simply one that affects one nation. AI is meaningless
without strong security measures since it may be readily accessible by
outsiders. Governments, banks, and global corporations now face a serious threat
as a result of cyber security threats. Hackers use a lot of private and business
data to their advantage, which poses a serious threat to the online community.
A concern with cyber security extends beyond the IT industry. Undoubtedly, it
has a very broad reach. Everyone is comfortable using the internet today.
Smart phones are now used by even illiterate individuals, and they are become a
necessary element of modern life. If someone claims that today's people "live on
the internet," they are not kidding. Internet use has gradually taken over as a
vital element of daily life. Everyone uses AI in their daily lives without
having the necessary awareness and comprehension.
Hackers have a fantastic
opportunity to simply trick individuals at this moment. On occasion, hackers
will mislead individuals with solid AI understanding. Despite adequate security
measures, cyber attacks are increasing fast. It may come in the form of
malicious software, phishing, password assaults, drive-by downloads made
possible via hyperlinks, virus attacks, etc.
The newest and maybe most challenging issue facing the digital age is cybercrime.
The phrase "cybercrime" has no definition under Indian law. In reality, even
after being amended by the Information Technology (amendment) Act 2008, the
Indian Cyber legislation, the Indian Criminal Code never refers to "cybercrime"
at any time.
Cyber terrorism refers to planned, politically motivated attacks on information,
computer systems, and computer networks programmes and information that result
in acts of violence against people, governments, and property .The Information
Technology Act of 2000 in India addresses the issue of cybercrime. It covers the
following topics: electronic commerce, usage of digital signatures to define
various cybercrimes, and commercial transactions conducted online .
Artificial intelligence is when machines, particularly computer systems,
simulate human intelligence processes. Knowledge - based systems, natural
language processing, speech recognition, and machine vision are some examples of
specific AI applications. AI services and technologies are developing quickly.
The 2012 Alex Net neural network marked the beginning of a new age of
high-performance AI built on GPUs and massive data sets, which can be related to
current advancements in AI tools and applications. The main advancement was the
capacity to train machine learning on vast quantities of data simultaneously
across several GPU cores in a more scalable manner.
The need to handle cybercrimes in India and the potential of India in doing so:
- Cybercrime is becoming more of a problem in India, as it is in many other nations across the world. The risk of cyber attacks and other cybercrimes has grown along with the usage of technology and the internet. These crimes can have major economic and societal effects, including money losses, reputational damage, and loss of personal data.
- In recent years, India has seen a number of high-profile cybercrime instances, including data breaches, phishing attacks, ransomware assaults, and online fraud. These crimes have an impact on essential infrastructure and the nation's security in addition to people and companies.
- Using artificial intelligence might be one way to reduce cybercrime (AI). AI has the ability to identify and respond to threats more rapidly and efficiently, as well as assist in detecting and stopping cyber attacks before they happen.
- AI may also be used to automate tasks related to cybersecurity, such as threat detection and response. Security teams may be able to concentrate on more difficult problems as a result, increasing productivity. AI may also be used to create better secure systems and find holes before thieves can exploit them.
- The National Cyber Security Policy, which describes the nation's plan for safeguarding its cyberspace, was introduced by the government in 2013. The goal of the policy is to establish a workforce with the essential skills to combat cybercrimes, a secure and resilient cyberspace, and to encourage cybersecurity innovation.
Therefore, it is imperative that cybercrimes are addressed in India. These
crimes have the ability to seriously hurt people, businesses, and the nation at
large. AI has a lot of potential for reducing these crimes, and it can assist to
improve cybersecurity defenses and stop cyber attacks in their tracks.
Current State of Cyber Crime in India:
- In India, the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has seen a sharp rise in
cybercrimes in recent years. There were 44,546 documented incidences of
cybercrime in India in 2019, according to the NCRB's most recent report on crime
data in the nation. This is an increase of 63.5% from the prior year.
- Types of Cyber Crime in India:
- Financial frauds: They comprise phishing schemes, credit/debit card frauds,
and internet banking frauds.
- Hacking: Gaining unauthorized access to a computer system or network is
known as hacking.
- Cyber stalking and harassment: Stalking, bullying, and harassment
committed online or through social media are all considered to be cyber
stalking and harassment.
- Identity theft: Identity theft is the theft of a person's name, address,
and social security number, among other personal data.
- Intellectual property theft: Theft of intellectual property involves the
taking of rights to things like patents, trademarks, and copyrights.
- The effects of cybercrime
- Financial loss:
Because hackers frequently target financial information, cybercrimes can cause serious financial losses for both people and corporations.
- Damage to reputation:
Cybercrimes have the potential to cause long-lasting
harm to the reputation of a person or an organization.
- Information loss:
Cybercriminals are capable of stealing sensitive data,
including financial or personal information, which can result in fraud and
- Legal repercussions:
Cybercrimes are illegal, and anyone found guilty of them
may have to deal with the legal repercussions.
Overall, cybercrimes are a serious threat to people and businesses in India,
thus it is important to take the necessary precautions to protect oneself from
them. Strong passwords, updated software, and avoiding clicking on shady
websites and emails are essential. Also, it's critical to notify law enforcement
immediately of any cybercrimes:
- Literature Review
- Reduction of Cyber Crimes by Effective Use of Artificial Intelligence
Technique s a article written by Karheek D. N., Kumar M. A., Kumar M. R. P.
(2012):- In this paper, cryptography techniques are highlighted. Security is the
fundamental issue of cryptography. Cyberattacks can be reduced by implementing
novel security methods like the quantum channel.
- An article written by Govardhan. S. (2010):
In his article, he focused
more on the dynamic difficulties that cyber security faces. Hackers' intents
nowadays are hostile, and in order to accomplish their goals, they are using
unconventional methods, posing a serious danger to cyber security. He used the
well-known example of Operation Aurora to illustrate his point.
- Objective Of The research Paper:
The main Objective behind writing this particular research paper is to assess
how well AI techniques are performing at recognizing various cyber attacks
Methods Used to Curb Cybercrimes in India:
The IT Act of 2000, the National Cyber Security Policy of 2013, and the Cyber
Crime Cells are some of the typical strategies utilized in India to combat
Some of the methods to curb cyber crimes in India are as following:
- In order to combat cybercrimes, each state in India has formed the Cyber Crime Cells, specialist forces. Along with the neighborhood police department, these cells are in charge of looking into and prosecuting cybercrimes. The Cyber Crime Cells are manned with qualified individuals who are experts in cybercrime investigation and are furnished with the newest technology and equipment to look into cybercrimes.
- To give legal validity to electronic transactions and to establish a legal framework for e-commerce, the IT Act of 2000 was established. Cybercrimes including hacking, identity theft, phishing, and cyber stalking are covered by the Act's provisions. The Act includes provisions for the creation of Cyber Appellate Tribunals to hear appeals against the decisions of Adjudicating Officers as well as sanctions and punishment for cybercrimes.
- To establish a framework for the defense of India's cyberspace, the National Cyber Security Policy of 2013 was unveiled. The goal of the policy is to enhance the cyberspace regulatory framework and develop a safe cyber ecosystem. The strategy also aims to create collaborations with business, academia, and other stakeholders to spread knowledge about cybersecurity and create cutting-edge cybersecurity solutions.
- To respond swiftly to cyber attacks and to coordinate responses with other government agencies, business partners, and international organizations, the Indian government has also developed the Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) in addition to these conventional techniques.
Overall, these conventional techniques have been successful in reducing
cybercrimes in India; nevertheless, in order to keep up with the constantly
developing nature of cyber threats, there is still a need for continuing
investment in cybersecurity infrastructure and training for law enforcement
The 2000 IT Act:
To give legal validity to electronic transactions and to establish a legal
framework for e-commerce, the IT Act of 2000 was established. Cybercrimes
including hacking, identity theft, phishing, and cyber stalking are covered by
the Act's provisions. The Act includes provisions for the creation of Cyber
Appellate Tribunals to hear appeals against the decisions of Adjudicating
Officers as well as sanctions and punishment for cybercrimes.
Unauthorized access to a computer system, computer network, or computer resource
is a crime under Section 43 of the IT Act. Hacking is a criminal offence under
Section 66, and transmitting offensive communications via communication services
is a criminal offence under Section 66A. Identity theft is covered in Section
66B, and phishing is covered in Part 66C.
The 2013 National Cyber Security Strategy:
To establish a thorough framework for the defence of India's cyberspace, the
National Cyber Security Policy of 2013 was unveiled. The goal of the policy is
to enhance the cyberspace regulatory framework and develop a safe cyber
ecosystem. The strategy also aims to create collaborations with business,
academia, and other stakeholders to spread knowledge about cybersecurity and
create cutting-edge cybersecurity solutions .
In conclusion, India has successfully reduced the amount of cybercrimes through
traditional measures such as the Cyber Crime Cells, the IT Act of 2000, the
National Cyber Security Strategy of 2013, and the Indian Computer Emergency
Response Team (CERT-In). Nonetheless, to stay up with the shifting nature of
cybercrime, law enforcement agencies must continuously invest in cybersecurity
infrastructure and training.
Efficient Use of Artificial Intelligence Approaches to Reduce Cybercrimes
It encompasses a number of strategies for protecting the integrity of networks,
stored data, programmes, etc. against tampering, illegal use, and hacker
assault. Data breaches, identity theft, and other cyber attacks by hackers are
all prevented by the appropriate implementation of cyber security . Thus
securing data against unwanted access, alteration, and destruction is made
possible by cyber security.
Following are some ways AI might reduce cybercrimes in India:
- Monitoring for cybersecurity:
AI may be used to keep track on network activity and spot any oddities that would point to a cyberattack. AI systems are able to recognise risks in real-time, learn from patterns in network traffic, and warn security staff before a breach happens.
- Fraud detection:
Artificial intelligence (AI) systems are able to be trained to recognise financial transaction fraud, including credit card fraud and money laundering. AI can detect questionable activities and notify authorities by studying data trends.
- Malware detection:
By examining code and behaviour patterns, AI can find and eliminate malware. Artificial intelligence (AI) is able to recognise new malware types and stop them from infecting computers by examining the structure of the code and its behaviour.
- Predictive analysis:
Analysing data in a predictive manner allows AI to spot possible cyber risks in advance. AI can forecast upcoming threats and enable security teams to take preventative action by utilising machine learning algorithms to find trends in data.
- Support for investigations:
AI can help with cybercrime investigations by analysing massive amounts of data and finding patterns that might point to the origin of an attack. This can aid in the identification of suspects and the development of a case against them.
AI has the ability to significantly reduce cybercrimes in India. The nation's
cybersecurity posture may be greatly improved by its capacity to analyse massive
amounts of data, spot abnormalities, and pinpoint possible threats.
Some of the AI tools which can be used to Identify and curb crime in India
are as following:
AI and Its use to curb cyber crime in other countries:
- Phishing detection:
Phishing is a widespread cybercrime in which criminals
deceive victims into divulging critical information by sending emails, using
social media, or using messaging apps. By examining the content of emails,
links, and attachments, AI-based systems can assist in the detection of phishing
assaults. Artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms are able to spot suspicious
trends in email content or URL links and flag them for additional examination.
AI may also examine the email's origin to determine whether it originates from a
known phishing domain.
- Threat Intelligence:
An AI-based service called threat intelligence gathers
and examines data from numerous sources in order to identify possible cyber
threats. This technology can assist businesses in keeping abreast of new
security dangers and proactively preventing assaults. Threat intelligence may
also be used to recognize patterns and trends in cyber attacks, which can assist
businesses in deciding where to focus their cybersecurity efforts
- Security Information and Event Management (SIEM):
In order to identify and
address cyber risks, security information and event management, or SIEM, an
AI-based system, combines security information management with security event
management. When a possible danger is identified, SIEM collects and analyses log
data from numerous systems and apps to send out real-time warnings. Security
workers can respond rapidly when trends in log data suggest a cyber attacks
thanks to the AI algorithms employed in SIEM
AI has been effectively applied to combat cybercrime in a number of nations.
These are a few instances:
- United States:
To monitor and identify cyber threats to government networks, the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) employs the National Cybersecurity Protection System (NCPS), an AI-powered system. In order to monitor network traffic and spot possible threats in real-time, NCPS employs machine learning techniques.
- United Kingdom:
The National Crime Agency (NCA) of the UK employs AI to
identify and stop online fraud and child exploitation. The NCA analyses data
from multiple sources, including social media and dark web forums, using machine
learning algorithms to find possible threats and suspects.
- United States:
To monitor and identify cyber threats to government networks, the US
Department of Homeland Security (DHS) employs the National Cybersecurity
Protection System (NCPS), an AI-powered system. In order to monitor network
traffic and spot possible threats in real-time, NCPS employs machine learning
To identify and stop cyberattacks on military networks, the Israeli
Defense Forces (IDF) employ artificial intelligence. The IDF analyses network
traffic using machine learning techniques to spot possible threats immediately.
The IDF also makes use of AI to create prediction models that foresee potential
In conclusion, AI has been effectively applied to combat cybercrimes in a number
of nations, including the detection and prevention of cyberattacks, the
identification of prospective risks, and the prediction of future assaults.
These examples show how AI has the ability to improve cybersecurity and reduce
the dangers brought on by cybercrimes.
Implementing AI-based solutions in India
Lack of Standardization:
AI-based solutions in India are not standardised, which
may cause problems with interoperability. Integrating solutions from several
suppliers can be challenging since different vendors utilise various frameworks.
This may make it difficult to scale up solutions.
India lacks a thorough regulatory framework for artificial
intelligence. This may raise questions about how AI is used and regulated. To
guarantee that AI is created and applied responsibly and ethically, a defined
regulatory framework is required.
Bias in Data:
Data bias is a major problem for AI, and it is also present in
India. Many of the data sets employed in artificial intelligence-based solutions
are skewed in favour of particular populations, such as urban regions or
particular demographic groupings. Bias in data sets can be difficult to remove,
and this might result in discriminating consequences for AI-based solutions.
Overall, putting AI-based solutions into practice in India is fraught with
difficulties. Yet, India can overcome these difficulties and become a global
leader in AI innovation with the correct investments in people, infrastructure,
and legal frameworks.
To conclude we can say that Artificial intelligence (AI) offers a lot of
potential for reducing cybercrime in India. Using AI's capacity to identify,
prevent, and respond to cybercrimes quickly and effectively is crucial given the
growth in their frequency. Deep learning, machine learning, and other AI-based
tools may all be used to find patterns, abnormalities, and other signs of cyber
Moreover, AI can help law enforcement agencies locate and follow cybercriminals, analyse enormous amounts of information to find suspicious
activity, and forecast and stop potential assaults. India can remain ahead of
the quickly changing cyber threat landscape and shield its citizens from the
destructive consequences of cybercrime by incorporating Information into
Most cyberattacks can be stopped by practicing appropriate cyber ethics. In a
nutshell, networked systems are utilised to conduct crucial business activities,
making computer security a very wide field that has been growing increasingly
Some of the recommendations are as following:
The Indian government may create AI-based training systems that mimic various
cyberattacks, such as phishing, malware, and ransomware assaults, and offer
instruction on how to avoid and respond to them.
Adopt AI-based cybersecurity measures:
AI-based cybersecurity measures can be
used to improve the efficacy of current cybersecurity measures. Systems for
threat detection, intrusion detection, and prevention that are based on
behaviour may learn from prior assaults and spot anomalies in real time.
The detection and prosecution of cybercriminals can be accomplished by
establishing AI-based cybercrime investigative units. To analyse vast volumes of
data and find fraudsters, these units can employ AI-based solutions. Systems
powered by artificial intelligence (AI) may be used to find trends in criminal
activity and create profiles of potential cybercriminals.
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- Jyoti Prakash Singh, Arvind Kumar Yadav & Shalabh Kumar, Design and Implementation of SIEM System for Security Management in Indian Enterprises, 179 Int'l J. Comp. App. 9 (2018).
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