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Triangle Of The Indian Constitution

India is a diverse nation with a wide range of people from various racial groups, civilizations, nationalities, places of birth, religions, castes, and other groups. In conclusion, India appears to be the ideal country for learning and sharing the values of all cultures.lessons from the many cultures. Under a microscope, though, it is far too far.from the reality. In a nation with a population this size and spread out, there tends to be some form of persistent divergence in opinion.

One could not agree with what others have to say or do in the current situation. This causes conflict on many different levels, which ultimately leads to the breakdown of the nation's law and order.However, ideas are designed to be developed, and regardless of the subject matter, each person is free to express whatever views they may have. The Indian Constitution was created to address issues with the nation's law and order and create the ideal society in which people might live. There

Article 14 Of The Indian Constitution

Article 14 of the Constitution addresses each person's equality before the law.
country, as well as equal protection under the statute above.2 However, in order to fully grasp the concept of equality, it is necessary to comprehend that the word "equality" in its purest form refers to impossible for humans to do physically.It is a notion that clearly says that the reach of any law is unaffected by an individual's birth, creed, caste, religion, etc. Special privileges won't be allowed in front of the country's legal system.4among the most.

This Article eliminates the arbitrary authority of judges, which is one of its key elements. the existence of the government. Let's assume that a man has committed a crime and that the only punishment that applies to him is that he broke the law.5The amazing aspect of Indian democracy is the equality it provides to its people.6 The fundamental idea of an equal nation is embodied in Article 14, which forbids the government from engaging in unjustified or unreasonable discrimination against any group of people.

Equality Before Law

The fundamental principle of the Constitution is equality before the law. There is a requirement for treating people equally when they are in similar situations, both in terms of privileges granted and obligations enforced, that may appear unclear at first glance but is quite clearly stated in Article 14.8Rationality is substituted for the classification process's arbitrary nature. When people are combined, some may have attributes that are superior to others. However, unless the qualities are connected to the law, they are not susceptible to treatment in favour of any specific issue.

Equal Protection Of The Law

There is a certain conjecture in the fact of Equal protection of the Law, which constitutes the second part of Article 14. To understand this, the fact must be clear, that when multiple individuals are situated at different levels of situations, the distinction will occur despite the Article. It only offers equal treatment of the law, when they all are situated similarly

Article 19 Of The Indian Constitution

Article 19 is specifically known as the Article with the basic Fundamental Rights of the people of the country, and how to protect such rights20: - (1) Every citizen of the country enjoys the right to21: (a) Freedom of speech and expression (b) Assemble peacefully with no arms. (c) Form any type of union. (d) Move freely within the country (e) Settle and reside in any part of the country (f) The 44th Amendment omitted this part. (g) Practice, or carrying, any occupation, trade, or business, respectively.

Article 21 Of The Indian Constitution

This article, which addresses one of the Constitution's most significant topics, is written in a way that suggests everyone has the right to their own life and personal freedom.32 Although it might appear simple at first glance, when examined closely, there isn't another article that is as conflicted and as contentious as this one. The Heart is only recognised as Article 21 in the Constitution since it can be used to enforce a right when the State denies it to a person. The Constitution's requirements for advancement are embodied in Article 21.

It covers all people, whether they are domestic or international, not only Indian nationals.33

The purpose of the article is to stop the government from interfering with individuals' personal freedoms and depriving them of their right to reside in the nation or in another location. 34The fact that this Article exclusively applies to State decisions is a crucial issue to keep in mind. As a result, if someone causes harm to another and does so in a way that impairs their liberty or robs them of their life, they are not permitted to utilise this article.

It must be realised that if we follow the Constitution's definition, any government entity is considered a state. However, it has nothing to do with any private organisations or agencies, therefore this article cannot be used to such situations. The goal is to free people from all kinds of constraints so they may live full, happy lives. Of course, this can only be done with the help of the law.36Additionally, Article 21 of the Constitution is synchronised with Articles 19 and 14. It grants a citizen their freedom in a similar manner to both of the aforementioned Articles. It is completely forbidden to apply physical or psychological restraints that strip someone of their freedom.

Scope Of Article 21

The article's scope was rather limited at first, but it gradually expanded.39Everything a person would require to have a typical and full life is contained in Article 21. If we discuss the scope, it may be summed up with the phrase "limitless."

Of course there are limitations because else the nation's law and order would be compromised. Such limitations, however, are only put in place when someone has blatantly broken the law.40

The scope of the article has steadily and progressively increased over the years with the aid of countless case laws submitted, giving the article's nature life and significance. It
furthered the point that, through this Article and every other Article, irrespective

Case Laws Regarding The Triangle

In the case of Parmanand Katara v. Union of India, the Indian Supreme Court ruled that within The Right to Health was a crucial component to include in the depths of Article 21, and it must also be regarded as a fundamental right. 46Any person who has left by a governmental or private entity of medical care because of a medical condition under any circumstance, a private hospital. According to Article 14, every person has the right to treatment.and merit the required medical attention.

  • Aanya Singh, 'Article 14: Right to Equality' (Legal Service India)
  • M.P Jain, Indian Constitutional Law, (8th Edition, LexisNexis 2018) 908
  • Dr. J.N. Pandey, Constitutional Law of India, (56th Edition, Central Law Agency 2019) 85
  • Constitution of India, 1950, art.19

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