The case involves a lawsuit filed by Louis Vuitton Malletier, a French luxury
fashion and leather goods company, against the defendants for trademark
infringement, passing off, dilution, and other related claims. Louis Vuitton is
known for its brand name and various trademarks, including the "Louis Vuitton"
word mark, the "LV" logo, and the "Toile monogram" pattern. The plaintiff
alleged that the defendants were manufacturing and selling counterfeit products
bearing their registered trademarks, causing harm to their business and diluting
their brand reputation.
Case Citation: CS(COMM) 635/2018
High Court of Delhi, New Delhi
Decision Date: April 18, 2023
The plaintiff obtained an ex parte ad interim injunction in February 2018,
restraining the defendants from using the plaintiff's trademarks. Local
Commissioners were appointed to seize and inventory the infringing products. The
injunction was subsequently confirmed in September 2018. The defendants failed
to appear or file a written statement, leading to them being proceeded against
ex parte. The plaintiff filed ex parte evidence, and the case proceeded to final
Rules of Law:
- Whether the defendants infringed the plaintiff's registered trademarks?
- Whether the defendants engaged in passing off their goods as those of
- Whether the defendants' actions constituted dilution of the plaintiff's
- What relief, including permanent injunction, damages, and costs, should
be granted to the plaintiff?
Analysis and Reasoning:
- Indian Trademarks Act, 1999
- Principles of trademark infringement, passing off, and dilution
- Relevant case law on the protection of well-known trademarks and
The court reviewed the evidence, including the plaintiff's affidavits and the
reports of the Local Commissioners. It found that the plaintiff owned valid and
subsisting registrations for its trademarks, which had acquired a reputation and
were considered well-known. The court determined that the defendants had
manufactured and sold counterfeit products bearing the plaintiff's trademarks,
constituting trademark infringement, passing off, and dilution. The defendants'
actions were deemed intentional and without any plausible explanation.
Holding and Decision:
The court decreed in favor of the plaintiff, granting a permanent injunction
against the defendants from using the plaintiff's trademarks. It awarded damages
of Rs. 1,50,000 to be paid by defendants no. 1 and 2 and damages of Rs. 3,50,000
to be paid by defendant no. 3. The court also awarded costs to the plaintiff,
amounting to Rs. 9,59,413, to be paid by the defendants.
Implications and Significance:
The decision reinforces the protection of well-known trademarks and highlights
the consequences for infringers. It emphasizes the importance of enforcing
intellectual property rights and provides a deterrent against counterfeiting
activities. The case serves as a precedent for future trademark infringement
cases, particularly involving luxury brands.
The High Court of Delhi granted a permanent injunction, awarded damages, and
ordered the defendants to pay costs to Louis Vuitton Malletier in a trademark
infringement case. The court found the defendants guilty of infringing the
plaintiff's trademarks, passing off, and dilution. The judgment reaffirms the
protection of well-known trademarks and demonstrates the court's commitment to
safeguarding intellectual property rights.