Adoption is a beautiful and compassionate way to provide a loving home to a
child in need and give them a chance to thrive in a nurturing environment. In
India, adoption is governed by the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of
Children) Act, 2015, and the Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) is the
nodal agency responsible for regulating and streamlining the adoption process.
This article aims to provide an overview of the adoption process in India,
guiding prospective adoptive parents through the steps to embrace the joy of
parenthood through adoption.
The Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) is a vital institution in India
that plays a pivotal role in promoting and facilitating legal adoption. As the
nodal agency responsible for regulating and streamlining the adoption process in
the country, CARA ensures that children in need of care and protection find
loving homes and prospective adoptive parents are guided through the adoption
journey with utmost care and transparency. In this article, we explore the
significant role of CARA in the adoption process, its functions, and its impact
on creating forever families.
The Genesis of CARA:
Established in 1990 under the Ministry of Women and Child Development, CARA was
created to address the issues surrounding child adoption in India. Its formation
was a response to the increasing need to safeguard the rights and interests of
vulnerable children, ensuring their placement in secure and caring families.
CARA's Key Functions:
CARA serves as a central authority that monitors and governs all matters related
to adoption in India.
Its primary functions include:
Role in Inter-Country Adoption:
- Regulation and Oversight:
CARA formulates guidelines and regulations to streamline adoption procedures across the country. It ensures that all adoptions adhere to the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015, and other relevant laws.
- Accreditation of Agencies:
CARA accredits and monitors adoption agencies in India. These agencies are responsible for conducting home studies, counseling prospective adoptive parents, and facilitating the adoption process.
- Centralized Adoption Resource Information Guidance System (CARINGS):
CARA maintains an online database known as CARINGS, which holds information on children available for adoption and prospective adoptive parents. This system helps match eligible children with suitable families.
- Promotion of Adoption Awareness:
CARA actively conducts awareness campaigns and educational programs to sensitize society about the benefits of adoption and to dispel myths and misconceptions surrounding adoption.
Apart from domestic adoption, CARA also oversees inter-country adoption. It
facilitates the adoption of Indian children by foreign nationals through a
strict and transparent process, ensuring the child's best interests are
CARA continues to play a role even after the adoption is finalized.
Post-adoption follow-up visits are conducted to ensure the well-being of the
adopted child and to provide support to adoptive families during their
Ensuring Child Protection:
One of CARA's essential roles is to safeguard the welfare and rights of the
child throughout the adoption process. By conducting background checks, home
studies, and thorough screening of prospective adoptive parents, CARA ensures
that children are placed in safe and nurturing environments.
Prospective adoptive parents must meet specific eligibility criteria to adopt a
child in India. The guidelines include age limits, marital status, financial
stability, and the ability to provide a suitable environment for the child's
growth and development.
Registration and Preparation:
The first step in the adoption process is to register with CARA or a recognized
adoption agency. Prospective adoptive parents must attend counseling sessions to
understand the legal and emotional aspects of adoption and prepare for the
responsibilities of parenting an adopted child.
Home Study and Background Check:
During the home study, a social worker will visit the prospective adoptive
parents' home to assess their suitability as adoptive parents. A comprehensive
background check is conducted to ensure the child's safety and welfare.
Once the home study is completed, prospective adoptive parents are placed on the
adoption waiting list. When a child becomes available for adoption, CARA or the
adoption agency will refer the child's profile to the parents, who can accept or
decline the referral based on their preferences and readiness.
Child Care and Transition Period:
Before the formal adoption process begins, a pre-adoption foster care period may
be arranged to allow the child and prospective parents to bond and adapt to each
other's presence. This period is essential for establishing a secure attachment
between the child and their new family.
Legal Formalities and Adoption Order:
After the transition period, legal formalities are initiated, including
submitting relevant documents and filing a petition for adoption in court. Once
the court is satisfied that all legal requirements are met, an adoption order is
issued, granting legal custody of the child to the adoptive parents.
Even after the legal adoption is finalized, post-adoption follow-up visits are
conducted by social workers to ensure the child's well-being and the family's
adjustment. Prospective adoptive parents are encouraged to seek support and
guidance during this crucial phase.
In the case of intercountry adoption, additional procedures and requirements
apply, including compliance with the laws of both the child's country of origin
and the adoptive parents' country.
Adopting a child in India is a heartwarming and rewarding journey that offers
children a chance for a better life and parents the joy of unconditional love.
By understanding the adoption process and fulfilling the eligibility criteria,
prospective adoptive parents can navigate the system smoothly. The Central
Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) serves as the guiding force behind legal
adoptions in India. With its commitment to child protection, transparency, and
CARA plays a vital role in matching children in need of care and protection with
loving and responsible families. By promoting awareness and providing support at
every step of the adoption journey, CARA creates a nurturing and compassionate
ecosystem for both children and prospective adoptive parents. With CARA's
unwavering dedication, the dream of building forever families and nurturing hope
for every child in need continues to be a reality in India.