Article 132 deals with Appellate Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court in
Constitutional cases. It must be read with under Article 134 A( inserted by the
Constitution 44th Amendment Act 1978, under which ,inter alia, if a substantial
question of law as to the Interpretation of the Constitution is involved, the
High court must grant certificate. Unlike Article 133(1)(a, Article 132(1)
does not require that the question must be of general importance
Article 133 deals with Appellate Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court from High
Court in Civil Cases. As mentioned by the Constitution ( 30th Amendment
Act,1972, the Article allows such appeal if (a) the case involves a substantial
question of Law of General Importance and (ii) in the opinion of the High
Court,the said questions need to be decided by the Supreme court. The
certificate is issued under Article 134 A.
Article 134(1) allowes criminal appeal to the Supreme Court from High Court in
specified cases. Clause (a) & (b) involves death sentence.
Clause ( c) is much wider . If the High Court certifies under Article 134 A that
the case is a fit one for Appeal to the Supreme Court, then the appeal is
As regards Article 134(2) ,see the following:
Ref : Ram Kumar vs State of M.P
- Supreme Court ( Enlargement of Criminal Appellate Jurisdiction, Act 1970
- Section 379 of the Code of criminal procedure,1973
,AIR 1975 ,SC 1026 : ( 1975, 3 SCC 815
Article 135 saves jurisdiction under existing Law conferred on the Federal Court
which will not be exercised by the Supreme Court.
Article 136 confers on the Supreme Court Jurisdiction to entertain by special
leave to appeal.
The apex court has wide jurisdiction under Article 136 of the
Constitution as regards:
- The court from whose jurisdiction the appeal may be entertained but Court martial are excluded
- The nature of the Jurisdiction that may be appealed from.
- The nature of the proceedings in which appeal may be entertained.
- The grounds that may be allowed to be raised for seeking such special leave.