Types of Muslim marriagesThere are four kinds of marriage in Muslim law.
There are four kinds of marriages as per Muslim law Sahih, Batil, Fasid and Muta.
In essence, valid marriages must comply with certain conditions and rituals set
forth by each muslim sect. An indvalid marriage, also known as illegal marriage
under muslim law, is considered invalid primarily because certain legal
obstacles exist. An illegal marriage that that is temporarily invalid and can be
recognized as valid after a certain violations have been removed. Mutah marriage
according to islamic law is a form of marriage that is concluded for a set
period of time and it is recognized as per muslim law.
- Sahih marriage
- Batil marriage
- Fasid marriag.
- Muta marriage
Valid (Sahih) marriage:
Sahih marriage, also referred to as nikah, is the most commonplace form of
marriage under muslim law. Its miles taken into consideration the handiest
legitimate and lawful form of marriage, as it's fars in accordance with the
standard of Islam. In a sahih marriage, the parties enter right into a permanent
and strong union, with the aim of living together as husband and spouse for the
relaxation in their lives.
- There must have been proposal by one party and its acceptance by the
- Free consent of the parties.
- Proposal and acceptance must have taken place at one meeting and before
two witnesses. They must be major and sound mind. And no witnesses are
necessary under shia law.
- The parties must have capacity to contract marriage they should be sound
of mind, major, capable to give free consent.
Void (Batil) Marriage:
A void marriage, additionally referred to as a Bail Nikah, is a marriage that
fails to satisfy the essential conditions for a valid marriage. In such a
marriage, no felony rights or duties are known. The following styles of
marriages are taken into consideration void.
- Marriages among events who're closely associated by blood.
- Marriages that are prohibited by means of motive of affinity.
- Marriages with a foster mom or foster sister. Sunni law recognizes an exception for marriages with the foster mom of one's sister or foster sister's mom, foster son's sister, or foster brother's sister.
- Marriages with a woman who's undergoing iddat (the duration of waiting after divorce or death of the husband) below Shia regulation.
- Marriages with a fifth wife.
- Marriages with someone else's spouse, provided her marriage remains valid.
Irregular or invalid (Fasid) marriage:
Due to lack of some formality, or the existence of an obstacle which may be
rectified, a marriage turns into irregular, however, this irregularity is not
everlasting in nature and may be removed. as a result, the wedding itself isn't
illegal. it could be made valid once the prohibitions are rectified. Marriage in
such occasions or with following prohibitions are called 'Fasid'.
- A marriage shrunk without required wide variety of witnesses;
- A marriage with girls at some point of her Iddat duration;
- A wedding with girls without the consent of her dad or mum while such consent is needful;
- A wedding prohibited as a consequence of distinction of faith;
- A marriage with a woman who is pregnant, while the being pregnant changed into now not due to adultery or fornication;
- A marriage with a 5th wife.
Temporary (Muta) Marriage:
Muta marriage is a brief marriage agreement this is well-known in Shia Islam,
even though it is not known through Sunni Muslims. This kind of marriage is a
fixed-time period marriage contract that specifies the period of the wedding,
that can range from some hours to numerous years. The wedding is robotically
dissolved whilst the time period of the agreement is expires, without the need
for a proper divorce.
The principle significance of muta marriage us that it affords a way for people
to have interaction in a brief conjugal relationship without violating Islamic
law. In condition wherein a everlasting marriage isn't possible, along with
while a person is visiting or when a women is in need of economic guide, a
temporary marriage may be an answer.