A flag is a statement of the characteristics and inclination of a body , and
when it is the matter of the flag of a country it always shows the mutual
essence of its people . The flag has three parallel stripes of saffron, white
and green with saffron uppermost followed by white and green. There is a chakra
at the centre.
Dr. Radhakrishnan who presented the colours and the chakra of the flag in the
Constituent Assembly . The layout was approved by the Constituent Assembly Of
India on July 22,1947 and gifted to the country on August 14 , 1947.
The saffron in the flag characterizes the end of indifference. The white at the
centre is the significance of approaching the path of truthfulness to command
the direction of our behaviour. The green signifies our connection to the Earth.
The Ashok Chakra or Ashoka wheel in the centre signifies the wheel of Dharma.
The colours signify no communal significance . The Ashok chakra on the flag has
24 spokes and the ration between the length and width of the flag has to be 3:2.
The presentation of the national flag is controlled by the provisions of Emblems
and names i.e Prevention Of Improper Use Act , 1950 and the Prevention of
Insults to National Honour Act , 1971. The Flag Code of India , 2002 is a
staircase to acquire all such laws , conventions, practices and guidelines for
the suggestion in this respect.
The flag of India has three parts namely:
- The characteristics of national flag,
- The presentation of national flag by members of public , private organisations
and educational institutions
- The demonstration of national flag by the Central and State Governments.
In the case of Jindal group of companies v. Union of India
, the Supreme Court
held that the residents of India have the right to wave the flag if they wish
to, on the condition that , they do it regard fully to the flag.