Terrorism And Its Impact On The Society
Terrorism is a buzz word in the present world. It has pushed the world into
the new age of insecurity. It is present in numerous forms like political
terrorism, bioterrorism, nuclear terrorism, cyber terrorism, eco-terrorism,
narco- terrorism etc. In this article, we will be dealing specifically with
understanding the meaning of the term terrorism and its effects on the society.
Meaning of Terrorism:The word terrorism is often misunderstood as targeted violence directed only
against the state to achieve a political objective. But terrorism is not
committed only against the state rather it may be directed against the society
or a group with other than political objectives like religious objectives.
Terrorism is basically a an organised system of violence or intimidation. It is
broadly defined as violent behaviour designed to generate fear in the community,
or a substantial segment of it for achieving particular political, social, or
According to UN Security Council Resolution 1566 (2004) , the term `terrorism`
includes criminal acts, including against civilians, committed with intent to
cause death or serious bodily injury or taking of hostages, with the purpose to
provoke a state of terror in the general public or in a group of persons or
particular persons, intimidate a population or compel a government or an
international organisation to do or to abstain from doing an act.
This provided definition is a comprehensive definition of terrorism. Thus, we
can say that terrorism is an act of committing violence or threatening to commit
violence against the state, a particular section of society or general public to
achieve some objectives. One who is involved in this is known as terrorist.
Effects of terrorism on the society:
Terrorism has multifold effects on the society ranging from political, economic,
psychological to environmental sphere.
They have been discussed in the following:
Political impact: Terrorist activities make the people loose their confidence
over the govt and to believe their govt to be impotent to provide security and
look after their interests. Due to the continued presence of terrorism in the
society, the government`s attention gets concentrated towards combating
terrorism and thus, the other matters of importance gets overshadowed due to
The government becomes unable to discuss the rising public issues which need
immediate attention and all the discussions whichever happen, happen on the
security concerns. This further alienates the people and pushes them into having
doubt over the government.
Economic impact: It also harms the society economically in the way that
terrorists destroy the property, kill people i.e destroying the human resources
of the society and a lot of money has to be allocated towards building up the
security to combat terrorism. Also, due to the frequent terrorist attacks, scope
of getting investments reduces, supply chain management gets impacted and
sectors like tourism and hospitality get impacted further slowing the growth of
the economy. Due to the terrorist attacks, many families lose earning hands.
Psychological impact: Those people who witness or suffer terrorist
activities have to go through many psychological problems like anxiety, fear,
depression, reduced confidence etc. Over and above, the whole society remains in
fear and tension where such terrorist attacks are very frequent. All this may
lead people to loose their confidence, initiative and creativity.
Environmental impact: Terrorists sometimes destroy the natural resources
like burn the forests etc. In testing the missile weapons and other weapons ,
the environment is harmed. For proper surveillance purpose, land may have to be
made devoid of forests and vegetation thus in turn harming the biodiversity.
Violation of human rights: The biggest harm due to the presence of
terrorism is done to the human rights. Violation of right to life happens due to
the terrorist attacks, curfews are frequently declared and the movement of the
people is regulated or scrutinized violating the freedom of movement of the
people and enjoyment of other rights like right to education, right to work etc
Marginalization: Social exclusion of the those groups from which
terrorists come is common occurrence and thus, innocent people have to suffer.
Thus, terrorism has a huge impact over the society and is a menace to the
society and thus, has to be dealt with immediately.
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