Each and every citizen of India whether it be a person of normal class,
politician, civil servants are equal in the eyes of law and same law applies to
each one of them. But what if the political influence results into getting
In 1994, a gangster turned politician Anand Mohan Singh was arrested in
instigating murder of the then District Magistrate, G Krishnaiah posted in
district Gopalganj, Bihar. A civil servant who was born to a landless Dalit
family in Andhra Pradesh (Present-day Telangana) was thrashed and stoned to
death by a mob led my Anand Mohan Singh and his allies.
Patna High Court in 2007 sentenced him death for committing the crime, that
makes him the first ever politician since independence to get the death penalty.
But, in 2008 the sentence was reduced to rigorous life imprisonment in order to
release Anand Mohan Singh along with 26 other convicts from jail before the
completion of the period of imprisonment.
The Bihar government made an amendment in Bihar Prison Manual, 2012 on 10 April
2023 in Rule no. 481(i)(a) removing the "murder of a public servant on duty"
clause from list of cases for which remission of jail term cannot be considered.
The minimum jail term for life imprisonment was 20 years but reduced to 14 years
because of intended premature release.
Amended Rule 481(i)(a) of Bihar Prison Manual, 2012
The Amended rule says, 'Every convicted prisoner, whether male or female,
undergoing sentence of life imprisonment and covered by the provisions of
Section 433A CrPC, shall be eligible to be considered for premature release from
prison immediately after serving out the sentence of 14 years of actual
imprisonment, i.e., without the remissions.
How the Bihar government justify its step?
The law department didn't elaborate any other specific reasons for its
A minister of JDU told that the order is not meant to benefit any individuals.
A home department official said that there are at least over a half dozen people
over 75 years of age. On the lower age group side, there are also convicts from
the mid-20s to 50s age group. The idea to set them free was because of poor
health conditions of the aged prisoners and also to give a second chance to the
It is being said that the controversial step taken by Bihar government is not
for the benefit of any individual then why only Anand Mohan Singh is getting
special treatment and no conditions has been put forward on him. For instance,
26 convicts being released have been asked to register their regular attendance
with the local police except Anand Mohan Singh. Criminals are criminals not only
till death rather they are wrongdoers even after death.
Each and every crime results into a disgrace and backlash in society that no one
can wipe out. Why these 27 criminals are shown mercy based on their age. This
will surely encourage criminals. A common man accused in the case where even if
he is really guilty for the act or not is suspicious are left to rot in prisons
and the people having political influence are being given unconventional special
treatment. A treatment wherein no law can stop them from pursuing their wants.
The common people are getting fooled as it clearly appears that an individual is
largely benefitted. Notwithstanding the fact that the common people have been
blindfolded don't be able to sense the mis happenings.
The message that Bihar government is giving to the whole nation is baseless and
would exaggerate the deteriorated status of Bihar. An IAS officer and an honest
bureaucrat who was obeying his duty and was serving for the people of Bihar
became his family's a biggest fate. Resultingly, working honestly has been
proved a sin.
State like Bihar that was called as the centre of political and cultural power
and as a heaven of learning has been leftover with nothing but dirty politics,
unemployment, illiteracy, poverty, inadequate infrastructure etc. The legacy and
earliest contributions of the state in historical contribution is hardly
remembered because of insufficiency to corroborate with other states. Presently,
it is known to be one of the least developed states of India. The major reason
for this is caste-based politics and their influence over the common people.
As per the 2022 report by Association of Democratic Reforms (ADR) 72% of
ministers in Bihar are having criminal cases against them. State legislations
has the right and duty to enact laws as to regulate and keep interest of its
people. But a state like Bihar where people are going through unemployment,
poverty, youths being largely dependent on government jobs, lack of industries
has trouble in spreading its wings.
A place where law makers themselves are the law violators. Where becoming
politician requires nothing but power, dominance, previous charges, severity of
crimes, etc. It may be hard to digest but these political leaders living luxury
life are getting their boots licked by us.
- Ritik Sinha (3rd year Law student at Banaras Hindu University)
- Shiwangi Kumari (3rd year law student at CNLU)