In India, registering a company is a complex procedure. A company's
incorporation process involves a number of officials, including chartered
accountants and company secretaries. These individuals make a significant
contribution to the company registration procedures available in India. However,
one such entity is frequently overlooked during the incorporation process. It
can be easy to overlook the Company Registrar who issued the registration
certificate in these situations. This article will clarify and explain the role
of the Company Registrar in the Company Registration Process.
What is the Registrar of Companies (ROC)?
A government official appointed under Section 609 of the Indian Companies Act,
which applies to both Union Territories and several States in India, is known as
the Registrar of Companies, or RoC. The main responsibility for registering
companies of all kinds and limited liability partnerships (LLPs) in the
appropriate states and Union Territories resides with the RoC. The RoC holds the
responsibility of ensuring that the registered Companies and LLPs follow the
legislative requirements provided in the Companies Act.
The Registry of Records is located within the RoC headquarters. These documents
belong to businesses that have registered with the Ministry of Corporate
Affairs. Members of the public may view these documents by paying the required
What are the roles of Registrar of Company (ROC) in Company Registration?
The most important position in the incorporation process is that of the
company's Registrar. He is the one who gets the application, receives the
paperwork, and decides whether you are eligible for your Company Incorporation
Therefore, his role can be divided into three parts:
- Collecting the Documents
When the Registrar gets all of the required documents and the application,
he is responsible for properly classifying them for future assessment.
- Evaluation of Documents
The Registrar becomes fully functional upon receiving the application and
the Company Registration documents. At this point, he will verify that all
of the documentation is in order. During the document assessment process, he
looks for three things:
- Are all the records in one place?
- Are the documents complying with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs' regulations?
- Is the application correctly completed?
- Issuance of the certificate of company incorporation
The Registrar decides whether or not to certify the Company after carefully
reviewing the application and all of the supporting documentation. They sign the
company incorporation certificate if the evaluation achieves positive results.
This means that the business has been granted approval. The applicant receives a
copy of this document after that. On the other hand, the applicant is informed
if there is a problem and the application is denied.
What are the Functions of ROC?
- The RoC is in charge of overseeing and collecting the company's various
compliances and documents. In addition, the responsibility of the Register
of Companies (RoC) is to provide relevant information regarding the
registered company's directors and shareholders to government departments
and regulatory agencies.
- A company cannot even exist without the consent of RoC. Once a company
has been established and registered with the RoC, it can only officially
cease to exist when its name is officially struck off by the registrar. The
Registrar issues incorporation certificates to companies that have
successfully registered with the authority.
- The authority to request further information from companies, such as
books of accounts, resides in the RoC. It's also important to remember that
the RoC has the power to raid the company's offices and investigate the
premises if it has any suspicions about illegal activity.
- An application for a company's winding up may also be filed by the
Registrar of Companies.
- RoC plays an important role in establishing healthy, ethical, and
promotional business cultures among its diverse member companies.
- Even once the company is incorporated, the ROC does not stop playing its
role. A business may be obligated to inform others of specific changes to
its organizational structure, to its business operations, or to its
registered office. The ROC must be informed of these modifications as soon
"Discover the importance of an annual return of company, a key document that
ensures your business stays compliant. It provides a snapshot of company
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Get in touch with our experts today!
In the Indian business arena, the ROC is a significant participant. The ROC
registers businesses, examines their records, and makes sure they follow the law
in order to keep companies under control. In the corporate world, it is
essential to maintain legality, openness, and trust. Thus, it is essential for
everyone seeking to establish and manage a company in India to understand the
roles and functions of the ROC. Keep in mind that you must obey the rules and
regulations of the ROC in order to stay legitimate.
Written By: Ishita Ramani
Email: [email protected]
, Ph no: +91 9643203209