File Copyright Online - File mutual Divorce in Delhi - Online Legal Advice - Lawyers in India

What are the Roles of Registrar of Companies (ROC) in India?

In India, registering a company is a complex procedure. A company's incorporation process involves a number of officials, including chartered accountants and company secretaries. These individuals make a significant contribution to the company registration procedures available in India. However, one such entity is frequently overlooked during the incorporation process. It can be easy to overlook the Company Registrar who issued the registration certificate in these situations. This article will clarify and explain the role of the Company Registrar in the Company Registration Process.

What is the Registrar of Companies (ROC)?

A government official appointed under Section 609 of the Indian Companies Act, which applies to both Union Territories and several States in India, is known as the Registrar of Companies, or RoC. The main responsibility for registering companies of all kinds and limited liability partnerships (LLPs) in the appropriate states and Union Territories resides with the RoC. The RoC holds the responsibility of ensuring that the registered Companies and LLPs follow the legislative requirements provided in the Companies Act.

The Registry of Records is located within the RoC headquarters. These documents belong to businesses that have registered with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. Members of the public may view these documents by paying the required access fee.

What are the roles of Registrar of Company (ROC) in Company Registration?

The most important position in the incorporation process is that of the company's Registrar. He is the one who gets the application, receives the paperwork, and decides whether you are eligible for your Company Incorporation certificate.

Therefore, his role can be divided into three parts:

  1. Collecting the Documents
    When the Registrar gets all of the required documents and the application, he is responsible for properly classifying them for future assessment.
  2. Evaluation of Documents
    The Registrar becomes fully functional upon receiving the application and the Company Registration documents. At this point, he will verify that all of the documentation is in order. During the document assessment process, he looks for three things:
    • Are all the records in one place?
    • Are the documents complying with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs' regulations?
    • Is the application correctly completed?
  3. Issuance of the certificate of company incorporation

The Registrar decides whether or not to certify the Company after carefully reviewing the application and all of the supporting documentation. They sign the company incorporation certificate if the evaluation achieves positive results. This means that the business has been granted approval. The applicant receives a copy of this document after that. On the other hand, the applicant is informed if there is a problem and the application is denied.

What are the Functions of ROC?
  1. The RoC is in charge of overseeing and collecting the company's various compliances and documents. In addition, the responsibility of the Register of Companies (RoC) is to provide relevant information regarding the registered company's directors and shareholders to government departments and regulatory agencies.
  2. A company cannot even exist without the consent of RoC. Once a company has been established and registered with the RoC, it can only officially cease to exist when its name is officially struck off by the registrar. The Registrar issues incorporation certificates to companies that have successfully registered with the authority.
  3. The authority to request further information from companies, such as books of accounts, resides in the RoC. It's also important to remember that the RoC has the power to raid the company's offices and investigate the premises if it has any suspicions about illegal activity.
  4. An application for a company's winding up may also be filed by the Registrar of Companies.
  5. RoC plays an important role in establishing healthy, ethical, and promotional business cultures among its diverse member companies.
  6. Even once the company is incorporated, the ROC does not stop playing its role. A business may be obligated to inform others of specific changes to its organizational structure, to its business operations, or to its registered office. The ROC must be informed of these modifications as soon as possible.
"Discover the importance of an annual return of company, a key document that ensures your business stays compliant. It provides a snapshot of company information, including financial performance and changes in leadership. Stay updated with our comprehensive guide on annual returns."

Get in touch with our experts today!

In the Indian business arena, the ROC is a significant participant. The ROC registers businesses, examines their records, and makes sure they follow the law in order to keep companies under control. In the corporate world, it is essential to maintain legality, openness, and trust. Thus, it is essential for everyone seeking to establish and manage a company in India to understand the roles and functions of the ROC. Keep in mind that you must obey the rules and regulations of the ROC in order to stay legitimate. Written By: Ishita Ramani
Email: [email protected], Ph no: +91 9643203209

Law Article in India

Ask A Lawyers

You May Like

Legal Question & Answers

Lawyers in India - Search By City

Copyright Filing
Online Copyright Registration


How To File For Mutual Divorce In Delhi


How To File For Mutual Divorce In Delhi Mutual Consent Divorce is the Simplest Way to Obtain a D...

Increased Age For Girls Marriage


It is hoped that the Prohibition of Child Marriage (Amendment) Bill, 2021, which intends to inc...

Facade of Social Media


One may very easily get absorbed in the lives of others as one scrolls through a Facebook news ...

Section 482 CrPc - Quashing Of FIR: Guid...


The Inherent power under Section 482 in The Code Of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (37th Chapter of t...

The Uniform Civil Code (UCC) in India: A...


The Uniform Civil Code (UCC) is a concept that proposes the unification of personal laws across...

Role Of Artificial Intelligence In Legal...


Artificial intelligence (AI) is revolutionizing various sectors of the economy, and the legal i...

Lawyers Registration
Lawyers Membership - Get Clients Online

File caveat In Supreme Court Instantly