File Copyright Online - File mutual Divorce in Delhi - Online Legal Advice - Lawyers in India

Ex Parte Injunctions In Passing Off Cases

In a recent legal development, the Hon'ble High Court of Delhi addressed the pivotal question of granting an ex parte injunction in an action for passing off, specifically focusing on the common law rights associated with the trademark EMERALD. The case involved both the Plaintiff and the Defendant being registered proprietors of the trademark EMERALD, leading the Hon'ble Single Judge to assess the relief of passing off against the Defendant.

Facts of the Case:
The Plaintiff, a prominent manufacturer of various products, claimed extensive use of the EMERALD trademark since 1990, particularly in the manufacturing of valves, hot water generators, expansion tanks, humidifiers, vacuum degassers, and cooling tower filtration systems. On the other hand, the Defendant, incorporated on June 24, 2022, specialized in manufacturing and selling valves such as butterfly valves, globe valves, and check valves. The Defendant applied for the mark 'EMERALD' on July 7, 2022 as proposed to be used basis, for which with registration was granted.

Legal Analysis:
Despite both parties being registered proprietors of the EMERALD trademark, the Court emphasized the settled legal position that the prior user of the mark is entitled to protection, irrespective of recent registrations held by competitors. The recent registration of the Defendant did not diminish the likelihood of an injunction being granted.

The Hon'ble Single Judge established a prima facie case in favor of the Plaintiff based on the following grounds:
  1. Identity of Trademark and Trade Name:
    The Court noted that the impugned trademark and trade name of the Defendant were identical to those of the Plaintiff.
  2. Identity of Goods and Customers:
    The goods offered by both parties were identical, and the customer class served was the same.
  3. Long Prior Use:
    The Plaintiff's extensive prior use of the EMERALD mark for valves, dating back to 1990, weighed significantly in their favor.
  4. Arbitrary Nature of the Mark:
    [Your content for the fourth point here]
The Court highlighted that the EMERALD mark was entirely arbitrary, and the Defendant's recent adoption was not bona fide.

Precedent from Supreme Court:
The decision drew upon the dictum laid down by the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India in Laxmikant V. Patel v. Chetanbhai Shah (MANU/SC/0763/2001). The Supreme Court emphasized that in cases where passing off is established, an immediate ex-parte injunction should be granted. Additionally, the Supreme Court recommended the appointment of Local Commissioners to ensure that infringing products are not permitted to be sold.

The Concluding Note:
This decision by the Hon'ble High Court of Delhi sets a noteworthy precedent, affirming that even in passing off actions, the Court should grant an ex parte injunction when a prima facie case exists in favor of the Plaintiff. This underscores the importance of protecting the rights of the prior user and ensuring that potential action of passing off action is promptly addressed, aligning with the principles laid down by the Supreme Court.

The Case Law Discussed:
Case Title: Emerald Enterprises Vs Emerald Valves Private Limited
Date of Judgement/Order:21/11/2023
Case No. CS(COMM)817/2023
Neutral Citation No:NA
Name of Hon'ble Court: Delhi High Court
Name of Hon'ble Judge: Prathiba M Singh, HJ

Information and discussion contained herein is being shared in the public Interest. The same should not be treated as substitute for expert advice as it is subject to my subjectivity and may contain human errors in perception, interpretation and presentation of the fact and issue involved herein.

Written By: Advocate Ajay Amitabh Suman, IP Adjutor - Patent and Trademark Attorney
Email: [email protected], Ph no: 9990389539

Law Article in India

Ask A Lawyers

You May Like

Legal Question & Answers

Lawyers in India - Search By City

Copyright Filing
Online Copyright Registration


How To File For Mutual Divorce In Delhi


How To File For Mutual Divorce In Delhi Mutual Consent Divorce is the Simplest Way to Obtain a D...

Increased Age For Girls Marriage


It is hoped that the Prohibition of Child Marriage (Amendment) Bill, 2021, which intends to inc...

Facade of Social Media


One may very easily get absorbed in the lives of others as one scrolls through a Facebook news ...

Section 482 CrPc - Quashing Of FIR: Guid...


The Inherent power under Section 482 in The Code Of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (37th Chapter of t...

The Uniform Civil Code (UCC) in India: A...


The Uniform Civil Code (UCC) is a concept that proposes the unification of personal laws across...

Role Of Artificial Intelligence In Legal...


Artificial intelligence (AI) is revolutionizing various sectors of the economy, and the legal i...

Lawyers Registration
Lawyers Membership - Get Clients Online

File caveat In Supreme Court Instantly