Artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things
Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the Internet of Things (IoT) are revolutionary
technologies of today's time. Let us understand one by one.
AI is nothing but the development of computer systems that can perform tasks
which are generally performed by human intervention, human intelligence and
human skills such as reasoning, learning, problem-solving etc. The number of
applications that may be made use of this technology is increasing on a daily
basis, and we are only beginning to investigate the possibilities. Conversations
on ethics, on the other hand, are becoming increasingly crucial as the
excitement surrounding the application of AI in business continues to grow.
IoT i.e. Internet Of Things on the other hand refers to the interconnected
network of physical devices, vehicles buildings and other items that are
embedded with sensors, software and networks for example:- As the person enters
society the AI of the car which is inter-linked with the appliances at home, The
AI inside the home the help of GPS in the car it detects that a person is about
to reach home and it auto-starts the necessities inside the house automatically
like AC, Geyser, Air purifier, water purifier etc. (This depends on situation to
situation as programmed by the person).
Now when these two newly developed and smart technologies AI and IoT combine it
creates an extremely revolutionary combination. And today, it has affected
various industries from manufacturing to healthcare to transportation. What
happens in the process is by collecting a vast amount of data by IoT device, AI
analyses the patterns and makes predictions that can help organisations to
optimise their operations and make better decisions.
Use of AI and IoT in the automobile Industry
Today Artificial Intelligence is playing a significant role in the advancement
of the automobile industry it has multiple applications such as autonomous
driving to vehicle maintenance.
When we talk about AI in the automobile industries- the various features in the
vehicle which are powered with AI some of which are- AI-powered sensors,
cameras, navigation of roads, showing up the best route, and most important
allowing vehicles to perceive its surroundings and making decisions in
real-time. Also, AI can be used to predict when the vehicle needs service or
repair. This has helped automotive companies to reduce the downtime of the
vehicle and improve the reliability of the vehicle.
One of the best features of AI-driven cars is the personalization of the vehicle
for individual drivers. What AI does is analyse the algorithms and analyze the
data from sensors and cameras to adjust the seat position, temperature, and
other settings based on the driver's preferences and habits.
When in the world of manual cars, assistance is sought from the technicians
because the user is unable to detect the cause of the problem but in AI-driven
cars it is far easy because here, AI determines the root of the problem and
tells the user how to get it correct or helps in troubleshooting. If it is a
simple problem then AI assists the user to make it correct otherwise
automatically fixes an appointment at the service station.
AI-driven cars are environment friendly- AI optimizes the energy consumption in
electric and hybrid vehicles. Eg. Algorithms in Artificial intelligence analyzes
the data from sensors and battery management systems to adjust the power output
and charging patterns to maximize efficiency.
Talking about the Internet of Things it is creating a significant impact on the
automotive industry, transforming vehicles.
Some of the main implications of IoT in the industry are:
Connecting the vehicles to one another with the help of the internet, allows
them to exchange data with other vehicles, its infrastructure and the cloud.
This world-class technology enables new applications and services such as
dealing with real-time traffic information, predictive maintenance, and remote
IoT is also beneficial in terms of the security of the passenger
and the vehicle because it enables real-time monitoring of the vehicle
performance, road conditions and the behaviour of the driver (it notifies if you
are driving rashly or if you are driving at high speed as per the conditions of
the road etc.) This also prevents the risk of theft and vandalism and prevents
IoT is also very efficient in proving assistance to the driver with its special
features like adaptive cruise control, and lane departure warning. This is done
with the help of sensors built into the vehicle to monitor the environment and
provide alerts to the driver. Suppose, it is hot summer and, on the highway,
where driving for a long time heats the car, here, the technology with the IoT
will enable to release of coolant to normalize the temperature of the car.
It is easy to track the vehicles where your car is taken. IoT can be used to
track the vehicle's location and status, improving the vehicle's efficiency and
For Example: you are a transporter and you have your
trucks and lorries running around the country, with the help of AI and a
tracking system you can easily know where your vehicle is taken by the driver.
Laws In The UK Regarding The Automobile Industry:
- In the UK several Laws and rules regulate the use of AI in the automobile
- The most prominent of which is the Automated and Electric Vehicles Act 2018.
This law sets out the legal framework specially designed for testing and
developing automated vehicles on UK roads. It requires the automated vehicle
must have insurance and other documents but apart from the documentation and
authentication- this law clarifies the liability in the event of accidents
involving automated vehicles.
The Highway Code is a set of laws and recommendations for drivers in the United
Kingdom. It offers information on how to use advanced driver assistance systems
(ADAS) and self-driving cars. The code states that drivers must maintain
complete control of their vehicles at all times, even if they have ADAS or
GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation):
This regulation establishes the
requirements for personal data processing in the European Union (EU). It is
relevant to the application of AI in the automotive industry since AI systems
frequently handle vast volumes of data, including personal data. According to
the GDPR, data processing must be lawful, transparent, and equitable to
Laws In The Us Regarding The Automotive Industry: Regulations of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA):
The NHTSA is in charge of regulating the safety of automobiles and related
equipment. The NHTSA has released regulations on car safety standards, including
those of AI-powered advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS). These regulations
establish minimum performance standards for AI-based systems that aid drivers,
to ensure that the technologies do not jeopardise vehicle safety.
Guidelines issued by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC):
The FTC is in charge of
enforcing consumer protection laws and has established guidelines regarding the
use of AI in consumer products. These principles include proposals for AI system
openness and accountability, as well as consumer disclosure of data practices.
Guidelines from the Department of Transportation (DOT):
The DOT has designed a
framework for testing and deploying autonomous cars on public roadways. The
Department of Transportation (DOT) has established guidelines for the safe
testing and deployment of AI-powered autonomous vehicles, which include advice
for assuring the safety of the vehicles and their occupants.
States can also regulate the usage of artificial
intelligence in autos. Some states have enacted legislation to govern the
testing and deployment of autonomous vehicles on public roads. 
The application of artificial intelligence (AI) in the automotive industry has
raised interest and concern. There are numerous doctrinal viewpoints that are
important for comprehending the legal and regulatory challenges that arise from
the usage of AI in this industry. Intellectual property law, including patents,
trade secrets, and copyright ownership, is crucial in safeguarding the
development and enhancement of autonomous driving systems.
Product liability law
is critical for identifying who is to blame when accidents or malfunctions occur
in self-driving cars. Privacy and data protection legislation are critical for
protecting the personal information generated by AI systems. Employment law may
need to be revised to ensure that workers affected by AI-driven job losses have
Finally, new criteria for the safe and environmentally
responsible usage of AI in the vehicle sector will require regulatory and
compliance laws. These doctrinal approaches, taken together, emphasise the
complexities of the legal and regulatory difficulties created by the application
of AI in the automobile industry.
- IBM - Artificial Intelligence - https://www.ibm.com/topics/artificial-intelligence
- ResearchGate Profile - Vinayak Pujari - https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Vinayak-Pujari-
- Advantages And Disadvantages Of Artificial intelligence, Mr. Sachin Bhbosale1 , Mr. Vinayak Pujari2 ,Mr. Zameer Multani3, H.O.D, Asst. Prof., Student, B.Sc. I.T., I.C.S. College, Khed, Ratnagiri
- AI Research Paper on IEEE Xplore - https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9765294
- Artificial Intelligence and Data Science in the Automotive Industry, Martin Hofmann1 , Florian Neukart2, 3, Thomas B�ck3 , Volkswagen AG, 3 Leiden University
- Impact of AI on the Automobile Industry - Research Paper - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/epdf/10.1080/08839514.2019.1600301?needAccess=true&role=button
- Impact Of Ai On The Automobile Industry In The U.S. I Author- Igor Koricanac* Scholar at MEMS Research Laboratory, San Diego State University, San Diego, California
- Impact of AI on the Automobile Industry in the US - ResearchGate -