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A Captivity Freedom: A Comprehensive Analysis of India's Cosmetic Industry in Global Perspective

The cosmetic business is a thriving economic sector across the world, distinguished by its constant expansion, innovation, and changing customer tastes. This abstract digs into a thorough examination of the cosmetic sector, contrasting the Indian market with global landscapes.

India, known for its diversified consumer base, has seen a thriving cosmetic business, powered by rising disposable incomes, urbanization, and a growing preference for beauty and personal care goods. This study looks at statistical data on market size, important players, product segments, and consumer behavior trends in India in comparison to the international market landscape.

This analysis amalgamates quantitative and qualitative data, market trends, legislative insights, and consumer behavior patterns, offering a comprehensive overview of the cosmetic industry's dynamics in India and its comparison with the international market. The research concludes by outlining potential opportunities, prospects, and strategic implications for stakeholders within this dynamic industry.

The research technique used in this study is multidimensional, drawing on a variety of web resources. This study combines information from reputable online publications using a combination of scholarly papers, electronic sources, government websites, and authoritative books. The technique prioritizes the collection of data from credible e-sources, ensuring a thorough examination of the subject matter.

Examining information from these many platforms gives a more nuanced view, allowing for data triangulation for robustness. The selection criteria for these sources prioritize relevance, dependability, and credibility to assure the validity and profundity of the study's findings.

A Captivity Freedom
"When We Are Externally Beautiful We Are Attractive, But When We Are Internally Beautiful We Are Captivating" - By Author.

The beauty industries or the industries of lies, and fake, make you feel vulnerable because of your age. Some random people pop up on television describing you as having patchy eyes, torn lips, old skin, dark spots, aging skin, and term it as 'DAMAGE' ignoring the fact that it is a natural phenomenon that takes place after a certain point of time in all women. The Cosmetic industry is filled with bogus news and research that has been veiling from everyone.

All women after a certain age get old as a natural process a biological process that is common in all living human beings. The captivity nature of giant beauty corporations(corp.) has a perfect scheme to bait everyone by acknowledging their insecurities and giving them a sense of freedom in custom-made cancers for their faces.

The cosmetics presence has been stated atleast 7000 years old, which makes this industry one of the oldest operative industries to carry out for so long without any major changes. As of ancient times, the use of cosmetics was 100% natural in the forms of berries, homemade remedies, charcoals, and fruits as scrubbers for the body.

The presence of such traditions to get all dressed up and look maintainable for the king was of the utmost vital for the queens, the cosmetics are directly related to all women from ancient times, and such traditions are still being carried out but have a different approach from the corp. making such products. As of now beauty and Cosmetics aren't used to make oneself look beautiful but to hide defects of the face to look good as their favorite celebrity looks like.

From one of the reports made by TIMES OF INDIA on one of the wildest but most painful news titled 'Jimin to Kim Kardashian: Fans who underwent plastic surgery to look like their favorite stars' [1]

Where there are people who went under surgery after surgery to just look like their favorite models. These news reports have always caught our attention but we never thought of how serious biological problems or other dangerous diseases can occur. The role of these industries under such havoc is very clear making people feel their insecurities will result in them being infamous, having no compliments, no friends, no appreciation, very formulating strategies played by them targeting the most vulnerable class of women and men between 30 to 45 years.

The Finest product used by us from some top and known brands with an image uses a very common material in their products named "MICA". Now it's been quite a revolution around the use of Mica in the past few years but the use of such material is still in practice has it comes to any domestic market products lined.

As rolling a few years back a report by Mint on ' Blood mica:
Child workers' deaths in illegal mica mines hushed up' where a clear indication of how cruel the mica industry is working in India, established "Vasdev Rai Pratap's 16-year-old son Madan was killed along with two adult workers in Jharkhand on 23 June."[2]

Also stated that "I didn't know how dangerous the work in the mines is. Had I known, I would never have let him go." The fact about not only children's are involved in such mines but the lack of knowledge about how dangerous the work is makes the illegal laborer more prone to accidents and deaths in such working environment.

More further to report it stated - BBA discovered four children were killed in July.

India is one of the world's largest producers of the grey, crystalline mineral that has gained prominence in recent years as an environmentally-friendly material, used by major global brands in the car and building sector, electronics, and make-up.

A spokesman for India's Ministry of Mines said safety in mica mines was a matter for state governments who are facing pressure from mining companies and social campaigners to license more mines and crackdown on a black market that involves intimidation, worker exploitation, and child deaths.

BBA workers, who have been trying to stop child labor in Jharkhand's mica mines for almost a decade, said the latest deaths were just the tip of the iceberg, estimating fewer than 10% of mica mine deaths are reported to the police.

The truth about the Shine behind the faces of celebrities is the innocent lives of children and other workers. In India, the prominent states for Mica are Jharkhand and Bihar respectively. The state police and governance were unable to stop the illegal working of mines for "2 Major Reasons", Poor governance of the state where laws and implementation of them at the grassroots was zero and The MICA MAFIA in these states controlled the Police and got Political support by money power.

The Companies After Recognizing The Strictness of the Local Governments And The Pressure Created By The Activist And Some Well-Known Companies Like Burt's Bees L'or�al Companies -- Which Includes -- Urban Decay, Maybelline, Essie, Nyx Est�e Lauder Companies -- Which Includes --Bobbi Brown, Becca, Smashbox, Mac, Tom Ford Beauty, Clinique, And Too Faced Coty -- Includes-- Covergirl And Rimmel, Shiseido -- Includes The Brands--Nars, Bare Minerals, Laura Mercier The Body Shop, Sephora Collection, Revlon, Almaty, Elizabeth Arden

[The following of the list are also Cruelty-Free*: Urban Decay, Nyx, Becca, Smashbox, Aveda, Too Faced, Bare Minerals, and The Body Shop. Stop using Mica as their prime source and go towards using Synthetic Mica][3]

But as COVID-19 hit us the mines started working once again for paints and car companies to extract the mica governance was lose at such an emergency time a report by Mint stated the dark side of Mica under COVID-19 where Mr. Rai was under the hands of such mafia he stated "Mica is our only hope to survive ... I just want to be allowed to pick mica," [4]forced and shattered under the terms of living for this family the mica mafia over-take the governance once again. Still, the mines are at work being operated, and still, people die and beg to be freed but no escape for such people who are just living on the papers for our system.

The word "KERATIN" is used and has become popular in industries like cosmetics and supplementary for quite a decade. The sources of such substances aren't based on any plant because the vital source of Keratin is "ANIMAL BASED" or biologically termed as "VERTEBRATES". Shocking the cream is used for faces and hair has keratin which is extracted by slaughtering the animals. Let's break down the over-hyped produc

Keratin belongs to the scleroprotein family of fibrous structural proteins. It is the most prevalent structural protein found in animal hair, nails, feathers, horns, and claws; it is the most significant biopolymer observed in mammals, along with collagen. It is distinguished by its high cysteine concentration when compared to other fibrous proteins such as elastin, collagen, and myofibrillar protein (Feroz S, 2020). Several research has been undertaken on the extraction, purification, characterization, and application of keratin proteins. Keratin has been removed from chicken feathers, beaks, claws, nails, horns, hooves, human hair, and toes over the years.

Wool is another important source of keratin. Wool containing up to 95% keratin by weight is regarded as a pure source of intermediate filament proteins, which have grown in relevance in the cosmetic and biological industries. Keratin biomaterials derived from wool and human hair have cell-binding motifs with hemostatic and cell-binding properties.

Keratin can self-assemble and create polymers by itself. These biomaterials are very biocompatible and capable of cellular proliferation, making them ideal for drug delivery systems and tissue engineering. They have also identified potential roles in the energy and agricultural sectors, as well as the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries, as well as the leather and textile industries.

The study with regards to keratin has also established the types of keratin to be used by us

Hydrolyzed keratin is used in creams, lotions, moisturizers, and nail creams as well as shampoos, leave-on creams, conditioners, and serums.

Hair care: It is used to smooth and moisturize the damaged hair cuticle. It fills cracks and eliminates frizz associated with dryness. It helps fill the minor gaps throughout the hair shaft, including its three layers known as the cuticle, cortex, and medulla.

Filling these microscopic gaps with broken-down protein helps to strengthen hair's structure, thereby improving its overall elasticity. Hydrolyzed keratin minimizes the damaging effects of sun exposure, heat styling, chemical treatments, and combing hair-tangled tresses. It is used as an antistatic agent that reduces static electricity by neutralizing the electrical charge on the surface of hair. It conditions the hair and leaves it easy to comb, soft and shiny, and/or gives volume, lightness, and shine

Skin care: It is used as a humectant to keep moisture intact and a skin conditioning agent, to maintain softness and suppleness. It is also used as a film-forming agent to produce a continuous film on the skin as well as nails

Why is Formaldehyde a Problem?
Formaldehyde is a colorless, strong-smelling gas that causes health problems when inhaled, sprayed into the eyes, or absorbed through the skin. It can irritate the eyes, nose, and throat, cause coughing and wheezing, and trigger a severe allergic reaction of the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract. [5]Some people have also reported that it causes headaches, dizziness, nausea, chest pains, vomiting, and rashes [6]Repeated exposure at high levels has been linked to various cancers, especially leukemia. Formaldehyde is released at highly concentrated levels when it is heated, so stylists who perform keratin treatments and customers who repeatedly get them are at the greatest risk for these health problems.

The National Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) and the New York State Department of Health list the following as some of the companies that sell one or more products that contain formaldehyde: Brazilian Blowout, Badiveu Brazilian, Coppola Keratin, Global Keratin, IBS Beauty, Kera Green, Marcia Teixeira, Pro-Collagen RX and QOD Gold. The following chemicals are all considered formaldehyde by OSHA[7]: methylene glycol, formalin, methylene oxide, paraform, formic aldehyde, methanal, oxomethane, oxymethylene, or CAS Number 50-00-0.

Stylists are at greatest risk for formaldehyde exposure, and OSHA issued a set of guidelines to protect their health. If workers have been exposed to more than a specified amount of formaldehyde, their health must be monitored and they must be reassigned to a job with significantly less exposure. The salon is required to install ventilation systems, use lower heat settings on blow dryers, and monitor formaldehyde levels at all times using a Consumer Sampling and Analysis Kit. Other workers should also be trained annually to safely handle chemicals and be provided personal protective equipment, including gloves, aprons, and eyewash stations[8]

Keratin sources in various applications are described below[9]
S.No Keratin sources Application References
1 Keratin sources Bioplastic films, Biofertilizers, Bio-composites Cosmetics, and Composites in automobile and aeroplanes. Hydrogels Thermoplastic films for food packaging. Diet supplements leather and textile processing. Waste management. Donato and Mija (2020)
2 Chicken feather They are used to develop thermoplastic films for food packaging, printed circuit boards (PCB), and dielectric material Donato and Mija (2020)
3 Chicken feather Used in paper production Tesfaye et al. (2017)
4 Chicken feather Chicken feather with polypropylene is used as a non-woven insulator Soekoco et al. (2018)
5 Chicken feather Biomaterials, Drug permeation De Masi et al. (2019)
6 Human hair Films as substrate Medicinal use Tissue engineering De Masi et al. (2019)
7 Wool Antipilling processing, Biopolymer, Hydrogel Medical science, Nanofibers, Sponges and porous foams Parlato and Porto (2020)
8 Sheep wool Thermal insulation of external walls, concrete slab floor Gong et al. (2016)
9 Sheep wool Wool fibre as reinforcement in concrete, carbon fibre precursor  
10 Sheep wool Apparel, carpet industry Fern�ndez-d'Arlas (2019)
11 Sheep wool Regenerative medicines, bioplastics, coatings or packaging Kakkar et al. (2014)
12 Bovine hoof Hoof bovine is compatible material used for promoting cellular attachment. Hence used in biomedical and tissue engineering Baillie et al. (2000)
13 Bovine hoof, horn Aerospace application, engineered composites  
Keratin hydrolysates are utilized in a variety of cosmetic applications, including hair and skincare. Keratin peptides enhance hair hydration while also adding gloss and smoothness. They hydrate the skin and are found in skin and hair moisturizers. Keratin increases the mechanical and thermal qualities of hair and is water-soluble, allowing it to be used in cosmetic products.

Keratin peptides can help to strengthen the skin barrier and prevent transepidermal moisture loss, keeping the skin tight and supple. Keratin hydrolysate functions as a humectant, binding water from the epidermis's bottom layers to the stratum corneum. Some research suggests that replenishing the stratum corneum's intercellular lipids might improve skin function.

Keratin proteins that have been dissolved link to the natural nail and reinforce the nail plate. Hydrolyzed keratins are utilized in mascara at a concentration of 0.2% and in bath soaps and detergents at a concentration of 0.028%.

Amino acid content of wool and the extracted keratin (all units in mol%)[10]

Amino acid Wool Hydrolyzed keratin Keratose Keratin Sulfo-keratin
Alaline (ALA) 5.7 8.3 5.8 5.6 5.2
Arginine (ARG) 5.9 5.9 6.0 6.4 6.1
Aspartic acid (ASP) 9.3 8.8 10.5 9.6 8.4
Cysteic acid (CYA) 0.2 0.2 7.8 0.3 0.4
� Cysteine (CYS) 9.5 0.5 0.0 8.1 10.6
Glutamic acid (GLU) 15.6 19.5 17.7 15.6 14.6
Glycine (GLY) 7.3 9.0 6.7 8.1 8.1
Histidine (HIS) 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Isoleucine (ILE) 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.6
Lanthionine (LANT) 0.4 2.3 0.6 0.6 0.7
Leucine (LEU) 7.1 7.9 7.3 7.6 6.3
Lysine (LYS) 4.0 3.4 3.5 3.5 2.8
Methionine (MET) 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.2
Proline (PRO) 3.1 3.7 3.2 3.2 4.2
Phenyl alanine (PHE) 1.8 1.6 1.6 2.0 1.7
Serine (SER) 11.7 10.7 11.6 11.0 11.9
Threonine (THR) 6.8 6.2 7.0 6.6 7.5
Tyrosine (TYR) 2.5 2.4 2.2 3.0 2.7
Valine (VAL) 5.5 5.8 5.3 5.3 5.1

Keratin is one of the most durable biological compounds and serves as an efficient protective integument in vertebrates. Keratin research demonstrates its acceptance and dependability in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and biotech sectors. The fundamental goal of this research is to identify diverse sources of keratin that can be harvested and transformed into a more useful form.

Over the last several decades, many keratin-based biomaterials such as hydrogels, films, fibers, sponges, and scaffolds have been actively researched for their application in the field of biomedical sciences. These biomaterials have been shown to be extremely durable, biocompatible, and biodegradable.

The extraction of keratin from biomass obtained from food sector byproducts (slaughterhouse, dairy, and poultry) is a difficult process complicated by the existence of disulphide linkages, which confer considerable resistance to chemical, enzymatic, and thermal treatments.

Keratin's economy is also a worry, as production is expensive, resulting in increased keratin product prices. However, further study is needed to identify cost-effective and efficient extraction techniques.

A product or a by-product, that has several protests or in simple words had a mixture of controversial topics in the past few decades. Now it is very important to understand why a 'TALLOW' is been a hot topic to be discussed. Let's begin with the basic product knowledge �

Tallow is a product made from cow and mutton fat. It is solid at normal temperature. However, after being extensively filtered and going through cosmetic production procedures, it turns greasy. Tallow must originate from animals such as cows, bison, or sheep to be pure.

Ruminants are animals with distinctive digestive processes. To have all of the essential qualities for our skin's health, the animal must be grass-fed. This is because the diet changes the makeup of their fat tissue. Grain-fed animals have reduced vitamin-mineral complexes and an inflammatory fatty acid imbalance. The advantages stated below apply solely to tallow obtained from grass-fed animals.

Mutton tallow is an animal fat derived from sheep, whereas beef tallow is derived from cattle. Both of the substances are natural and have a lengthy shelf life. They have a high saturated fat content, with beef tallow somewhat more saturated than mutton, which is why we favor beef tallow for skin.

Mutton tallow animal fat has somewhat more vitamin E than beef tallow, however, the differences may be minor.

Tallow is recognized for having high levels of oleic, palmitic, and stearic acid. Beef tallows have more palmitic acid, but mutton tallows contain more oleic and stearic acid and are said to be healthier for skin health.

What It Includes
Stearic Acid

Stearic acid is another saturated fatty acid that is abundant in beef tallow. It is utilized as a fragrance component, surfactant, and emulsifier in a variety of cosmetics and personal care products. Stearic acid serves two purposes: it is a surfactant and an emulsifier. Surfactants are chemicals that reduce surface tension between two substances, such as two liquids or a liquid and a solid. Surfactants, in other words, lower surface tension, allowing water to permeate the skin more quickly. Stearic acid also functions as an emulsifier, allowing the product to include both oil and water without separating.

Palmitic Acid
Palmitic acid is another essential fatty acid for adult skin. Did you know that as you get older, your palmitic acid levels drop by up to 50%? It's safe to state that we need it.

Palmitic acid accounts for approximately 26% of the fatty acid makeup of beef tallow. This saturated fatty acid is found in a variety of cosmetics, ranging from detergents and cleaning agents to emollients.

It can be dried in a cleanser depending on what it's coupled with and the pH level of the cleanser - we recommend using a cleanser with a lower pH level. Palmitic acid is an excellent emollient in moisturizers because it softens the skin. It enhances skin health by retaining moisture and generating an occlusive layer.

Oleic Acid
Oleic acid accounts for approximately 47% of the fatty acid makeup of beef tallow. This acid is classed as a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid and is well recognized as an excellent element for dry or aging skin due to its ability to permeate the skin's surface readily and deeply. It restores lost moisture inside the dermis and prevents further transepidermal water loss.

Oleic acid can replenish natural oil production while also preventing further outbreaks. Most importantly, it does not clog pores and instead develops a protective coating on the skin's surface that protects it from environmental harm.

Finally, it is strong in antioxidants, which means it can combat free radicals and prevent oxidation damage.

Market Size
The tallow is just not a working capital of a few industries to just treated as a cosmetic product, we are aware of the large or Humongous market capital of the Fat, Beef, Meet industry. Here are some smaller aspects of the market size that are being established

The Fig.1 state, these factories process a high number of animal carcasses and produce a significant amount of fat byproducts. Tallow is harvested and used for a variety of uses, including industrial applications and animal feed, because it is a valuable and adaptable component. Tallow is also used in the manufacture of a variety of cosmetics and skincare products.

It has good moisturizing and emollient characteristics, which make it useful for skin hydration and nutrition. Because of its natural fatty acid content, tallow is compatible with the skin's lipid barrier, assisting in moisturization and protection. Remnant Beauty, established in the United Kingdom, sells lard-based night cream and tallow-balm moisturizer.

The distribution channel sector is divided into two parts: B2B and B2C. In 2022, the B2B category held the greatest share (68.07%). The necessity for specialized fat qualities, such as stability at high temperatures for frying applications or as a component in baked products, drives product demand in the B2B market from food producers. Tallow has uses in the food processing and manufacturing industries.

It's widely utilized in the production of shortenings, margarine, and cooking oils. It has functional benefits such as improving flavor, and texture and prolonging the shelf life of food goods. During the projection period, the B2C category is expected to develop at a CAGR of 6.2%.

In terms of region, the Asia Pacific area had a 45.1% revenue share in 2022. Tallow is widely used in the manufacture of soaps, detergents, and other personal care products. Tallow demand is being driven by the expansion of the Asia Pacific personal care sector. Furthermore, tallow is a less expensive component than certain alternatives used in soap and detergent manufacture. Its availability as a byproduct of the meat industry can make it a convenient and cost-effective choice for manufacturers, particularly in areas with a significant livestock sector.

Furthermore, because of the cheap availability of bovine for tallow manufacture, the market for tallows in Australia and New Zealand has shown a substantial CAGR of 4.5% over the projection period. Because of the significant demand for tallow in the feed business in the United States, the North American area is predicted to grow at a CAGR of 6.6%. Tallow as a feed ingredient is in high demand due to rising demand for meat and dairy products, as well as the expansion of the livestock sector.

This report forecasts revenue and volume growth at the global, regional, and country levels and provides an analysis of the latest trends in each of the sub-segments from 2017 to 2030. For this study, Grand View Research has segmented the tallow market report on the basis of animal source, application, distribution channel and region.

Tallow Market Report Scope
Report Attribute Details
Market size value in 2023 USD 8.56 billion
Revenue Forecast in 2030 USD 13.61 billion
Growth Rate (Revenue) CAGR of 6.6% from 2023 to 2030
The base year for estimation 2022
Historical data 2017 - 2021
Forecast period 2023 - 2030
Quantitative units Revenue in USD million/billion, volume in kilo tons, and CAGR from 2023 to 2030
Report Coverage Revenue forecast, volume forecast, company ranking, competitive landscape, growth factors, and trends
Segments covered Animal source, application, distribution channel, region
Regional scope North America; Europe; Asia Pacific; Central & South America; Middle East & Africa
Country scope U.S.; Canada; Mexico; UK; Germany; France; Italy; Spain; China; India; Japan; Australia & New Zealand; South Korea; Argentina; Brazil; South Africa; UAE
Key companies profiled Saria SE & Co. KG; Darling Ingredients; Cargill; Ajinomoto Co. Inc; Vantage Specialty Chemicals; Jacob Stern & Sons Inc; Australian Tallow Producers; Parchem; Baker Commodities Inc.; Cail� & Par�s
Customization scope Free report customization (equivalent up to 8 analysts working days) with purchase. Addition or alteration to country, regional & segment scope.
Pricing and purchase options Avail customized purchase options to meet your exact research needs

The global tallow market is predicted to be worth USD 8.1 billion in 2022, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.6% from 2023 to 2030. Tallow market growth is primarily driven by factors such as growing meat consumption and increased use of tallow in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. The demand for meat and meat products is increasing. This tendency has resulted in increased meat output, resulting in a bigger supply of tallow as a byproduct. Tallow availability from meat processing plants can impact market demand and use in a variety of sectors. Another important aspect is the growing number of industrial meat processing plants.

Chemical Variants
Cancer-causing chemicals and pollutants can be found in food, water, and many other daily things. However, no consumer product category is subject to less government regulation than cosmetics and other personal care items. Although many of the chemicals and pollutants found in cosmetics and personal care items are unlikely to constitute a concern, exposure to certain has been related to major health issues such as cancer.

Since 2009, 595 cosmetics firms have acknowledged employing 88 chemicals related to cancer, birth defects, or reproductive damage in over 73,000 items.

Many of these substances, as recommended in California Assembly Bill 2762, the Toxic-Free Cosmetics Act, should be banned from cosmetics. Toxic chemicals[2] that should be prohibited include:
Formaldehyde A Known Carcinogen. Danger Danger
Paraformaldehyde A type of formaldehyde. Unknown Unknown
Methylene glycol A type of formaldehyde. Unknown Unknown
Quaternium 15 Which Releases Formaldehyde. Unknown Unknown
Mercury Which Can Damage The Kidneys And Nervous System. Risky Risky
Dibutyl and diethylhexyl phthalates Which Disrupts Hormones And Damages The Reproductive System Harmful Harmful
Isobutyl and isopropyl parabens Which Disrupt Hormones And Harm The Reproductive System. Harmful Harmful
The long-chain per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances known as PFAS Which Have Been Linked To Cancer. Harmful Harmful
M- and o-phenylenediamine Used In Hair Dyes Which Irritate And Sensitize The Skin Damage Dna And Can Cause Cancer

All of these harmful chemicals have been outlawed by the European Union and many other countries, and many are set to be phased out of major U.S. retailers' store brands, including Target, Rite Aid, nds that emit formaldehyde, many parabens, dibutyl phthalate, and diethylhexyl phthalate as of the end of 2019. Some of these are already prohibited in Whole Foods products.

Some of the compounds listed in A.B. 2762 do not need to be mentioned on the box since they are scent components and thus exempt from federal labeling regulations. Dibutyl phthalate and diethylhexyl phthalate, two phthalates contained in A.B. 2762, may be used in combinations of chemicals stated on the label as fragrance but do not have to be disclosed as distinct compounds. Dibutyl phthalate is an endocrine disruptor and developmental toxin that impairs the development of the male reproductive system. It can trigger early puberty in boys and other reproductive system alterations. Diethylhexyl phthalate is toxic to the reproductive system and can damage a growing fetus. It has also been designated as probably carcinogenic by the International Agency for Research on Cancer.

Many of these substances are uncommon in personal care products and will be simple to replace. For example, EWG discovered isobutylparaben and isopropylparaben in just 96 and 12 goods offered for sale since January 2017 in Skin Deep�, EWG's database of cosmetics and other personal care products. In 2018, EWG discovered that less than 200 goods contained one of 13 PFAS compounds. [12]Since 1938, when Congress passed the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the cosmetics business has risen rapidly. At the time, the cosmetics business recorded revenues of around $1 billion. In 2016, it recorded revenues of more than $169 billion.[13]

Cosmetics use among consumers is increasing substantially. Since 2010, the US cosmetics industry has increased at a 4.1 percent annual rate, with internet sales accounting for 8.4 percent of the overall market share.

Imports of cosmetics are also on the rise. In fiscal year 2016, the United States imported 2.9 million lines of cosmetics from 181 different nations. Cosmetic import lines have more than quadrupled in the last decade, with a significant rise after FY 2011. Between fiscal years 2011 and 2016, cosmetic imports from China surged by 79%.

Many cosmetics have also been connected to serious health hazards, such as burns and infections. Hair straightening operations using formaldehyde, known as "keratin treatments," have been associated with hair loss, rashes, blisters, nosebleeds, bleeding gums, and loss of taste and smell. Other cosmetics have been linked to hair loss.

The FDA continues to discover bacteria-contaminated cosmetics, such as body wash, face powders, shadows, and lotions, as well as cosmetics containing forbidden color compounds, such as shampoos, soaps, cleansers, and temporary tattoos. The FDA currently has minimal power to investigate chemicals in cosmetics and other personal care goods under existing legislation. Personal care product manufacturers are not required to register with the FDA, give ingredient declarations to the FDA, follow Good Manufacturing Practices, or GMPs, report adverse events to the FDA, or furnish the FDA with product information.

All of the chemicals identified in A.B. 2762 have already been banned by the EU, including isopropylparaAll of the chemicals identified in A.B. 2762 have already been banned by the EU, including isopropylparaben and isobutylparaben, dibutyl phthalate and diethylhexyl phthalate, mercury, formaldehyde and many PFAS. Other nations have restricted the presence of chemicals such as formaldehyde and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA).

The cosmetics business has long opposed significant regulation. It has thwarted congressional efforts to update cosmetics legislation since the early 1950s. Since 2015, several cosmetics businesses have advocated for the FDA to be given the ability and resources to examine and regulate chemicals and pollutants of concern in cosmetics, as well as forcing manufacturers to register, publish ingredient declarations, implement GMPs, and record adverse occurrences.

Consumers strongly favor federal regulation of cosmetic chemicals. According to a 2016 research performed by American Viewpoint and the hree-fourths of consumers want stronger control of chemicals in cosmetics, regardless of age, race, or political party membership, and nearly nine out of ten think stricter restrictions are highly essential.

Furthermore, nine out of ten consumers feel cosmetic businesses should be required to inform the FDA if their goods cause harm to consumers; they favor providing the FDA obligatory recall authority; and they support legislation requiring cosmetics to be manufactured in clean surroundings.

Indian Government Norms And Amendment
The Indian government has introduced new guidelines to limit the import of cosmetics (from April 1st, 2013). The regulations to update the current Drugs and Cosmetics regulations, 1945, were published for the first time (as draft rules) in February 2007.

Following a few revisions, these were completed as the 'Drugs and Cosmetics (4th Amendment) Rules, 2010' on May 19, 2010. The implementation was delayed due to concerns voiced by several importers about the prompt issuance of registration certificates. However, these restrictions were eventually implemented on April 1, 2013.

According to a study report titled "Indian Cosmetic Sector Analysis (2009-2012)" issued by Study and Markets, the Indian cosmetics market has emerged as having enormous development potential.

According to the research, the cosmetics business made Rs. 422.3 billion (about US$ 9.3 billion) in sales in 2010. It goes on to say that this surge is due to the Indian population's expanding spending power, fashion knowledge, and beauty concerns. And, of course, the Indian urban population's brand/s fixation appears to be insatiable, resulting in increased imports of cosmetic items.

The 'new rules' are as follows:
All cosmetic items imported into India for sale must now be registered with the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO), which has been designated as the licensing body for these regulations. This new 'registration' requirement is largely intended to curb the indiscriminate import of beauty and personal care items by dealers who have no accountability for the contents and no system in place to assign blame if a consumer is dissatisfied with the quality.

Because of the lack of controls on imported cosmetics, several of them were discovered to contain harmful ingredients. Thus, the new policy is an attempt to prevent the sale of substandard cosmetic items while also harmonizing import standards with those for Indian-made products.

All cosmetic products which are 'imported' for 'sales and distribution in India' are covered. The Indian Food and Drugs Cosmetics Act provide a broad definition of cosmetics:
"Any article intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled or sprayed on, or introduced into, or otherwise applied to, the human body or any part thereof for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance, and includes any article intended for use as a component of cosmetic."

Some of the new definitions introduced under the aforementioned Rules are as follows:
  • A manufacturer is the 'Brand/trade name owner'' and not the 'actual manufacturer; and
  • A 'Brand' is a category/class of products as opposed to being just the trade name /brand. For example, the 'Brand' will include all brands of lipsticks imported by the applicant and not just a particular 'brand name' of Lipstick. Further, for each product class, a separate application needs to be filed. For example, shampoo and conditioner belong to different classes even though these may have a common 'brand name'. A single application may be made for registration of more than one brand of cosmetics (including its different variants and pack sizes) by the same manufacturer.

Procedure for registration:
The owner of a trademark who does not have a manufacturing unit in India but plans to sell his goods through designated importers/distributors/marketers in India is now obliged to get a registration certificate in order to continue with their marketing operations in India.

A registration application on Form-42, accompanied with all other documentation, must be sent to the Drugs Controller General (I), CDSCO, FDA headquarters in New Delhi.

Manufacturer/authorized applicant information required:
The new guidelines are an attempt to identify the source of the cosmetic product's contents, the location of manufacturing, the stated advantages, and, most crucially, the safety requirements for human use. As a result, the laws necessitate mandatory registration, which involves the filing of an application.

Timetables for application processing:
The registration certificate will be issued within six months of the date of submission of the application form and the accompanying papers (particularly the data required with Schedule D III). According to the comments, the department processes and grants registration certificates within 2-3 months of the application being filed.

The registration certificate' and its duration:
A registration certificate (which is issued with particular restrictions and is delivered in a certain format- Form 43) is valid for three years from the date of issuance.

The Indian cosmetic sector has experienced tremendous growth, establishing its relevance not only in the home market but also on the worldwide scene. The sector has shown tenacity, creativity, and flexibility throughout the years, making major achievements despite changing customer tastes and market circumstances.

The Indian cosmetic industry has grown rapidly in recent years, driven by reasons such as rising disposable incomes, urbanization, changing lifestyles, and a growing young population interested in beauty and personal care goods. According to market studies, the Indian cosmetic sector is valued at billions of dollars, with significant yearly growth rates. The diversity of product offerings and the development of novel formulations have been critical factors in the industry's success.

From skincare and haircare to color cosmetics, the business has developed to meet a wide range of customer demands and tastes. Furthermore, the rise of technology has had a huge impact on consumer behavior, allowing for better accessibility, awareness, and online sales of cosmetic items.

However, along with this expansion, the sector has faced obstacles in both home and foreign markets. One of the most significant difficulties concerns regulatory frameworks. The cosmetic sector in India faced severe laws about product safety, labeling, and testing that were in line with worldwide norms. It has been difficult to meet these regulatory criteria while still assuring innovation and product development.

Furthermore, the business has seen customer tastes change toward natural, organic, and sustainable products. This trend has compelled cosmetic firms to rethink their products, add eco-friendly packaging, and implement sustainable processes, posing both problems and chances for growth.

To address these issues, Indian legislation has developed to simplify rules, stimulate growth, and ensure consumer safety. To encourage simpler commerce and compliance for cosmetic makers, the government has made proactive initiatives to modify and update regulatory frameworks, aligning them with worldwide norms.

Indian cosmetic businesses have made major inroads into the international market by utilizing their expertise in herbal and Ayurvedic formulas. Globalization, smart alliances, and the growing acceptance of varied beauty standards throughout the world have all aided in this expansion. Indian cosmetic firms have successfully created a place in several foreign markets, demonstrating India's ability to provide high-quality, culturally varied beauty goods.

Finally, the Indian cosmetic business has developed as a vibrant and resilient sector distinguished by innovation, variety, and flexibility. Despite regulatory compliance issues and shifting customer tastes, the sector has exhibited impressive growth possibilities, supported by legislative efforts and a dedication to fulfilling changing market demands. As the sector evolves, it remains a prominent participant in the global beauty landscape, considerably contributing to India's economic growth and worldwide presence.

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