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Various Types Of Trusts And Their Importance

Trusts serve several functions and are a vital component of the Indian legal system. A legal arrangement known as a trust designates a trustee to hold assets on behalf of beneficiaries. There are various types of trusts with distinct functions in India. The six distinct categories of trusts in India will be covered in this article.

Meaning of Trust

A Trust is a legal arrangement whereby the owner, Trust, or Trustees transfer property to a Trustee. A third party benefits from the transfer of the property. The property is transferred to the Trustee by the Trust or a declaration that the Trustee is to hold the property for the benefit of the Trust's beneficiaries. The legal foundation for trust in India is established by the Indian Trust Act of 1882, and a registered trust in India is recommended for obtaining benefits.

What is the Importance of Trusts?

There are various uses of trusts: legal tax planning, asset management and protection, company structuring, secrecy, protection against spendthrifts, charitable giving, and succession planning.

Trust registration is essentially a flexible legal tool that can be applied in a variety of ways.

Various Types of Trusts

The legal trust types can be categorized based on duration, purpose, and beneficiaries.

Public Trust: An organization established as a public trust serves the interests of the broader public or a specific subset thereof. Typically, these trusts are established for altruistic or religious goals, for instance, building and maintaining temples, hospitals, or schools. A public trust's trustees oversee its assets and ensure they are utilized for the benefit of the intended beneficiaries.

Private Trust: A private trust is established for a particular person's or family's benefit. Typically, these trusts are created to safeguard family assets like real estate or money, but they can also be used to fund family members' welfare and education. A private trust's beneficiaries are listed in the trust deed, and the trustee is in charge of overseeing the trust's resources and allocating income to the beneficiaries. A private trust in India is regulated by the Indian Trusts Act of 1882.

Special Trust: A special trust is established with a specific aim, like caring for a pet or maintaining a park. These trusts are often only meant to last a short time before being dissolved. A special trust's trustee is responsible for overseeing the trust's assets and making sure they are used for their intended purpose.

Charitable Trust: The purpose of establishing a charitable trust is for the benefit of the general public or a specific demographic, like the ill or impoverished. According to the Indian Income Tax Act, these trusts are tax-free and typically established to promote social welfare. A charity trust's trustees are in charge of overseeing its assets and making sure they are used for the specified philanthropic purposes.

Implied Trust: An implied trust is established, in the absence of a formal trust agreement, when the circumstances of a situation imply that a trust was intended. The formation of implicit trust takes place, for instance, when someone lends money to a friend with the direction that it is used for a specific purpose. In this scenario, the friend assumes the role of trustee.

Express Trust: A formal trust document defining the terms and circumstances of the trust creates an express trust. The assets of the trust, the trustee, and the beneficiaries are all listed in the deed. Following the provisions of the trust deed, the trustee is in charge of overseeing the trust's assets and allocating income to the beneficiaries.

Benefits of a Registered Trust in India:
  • The registered trust helps the people and the indigent with much-needed financial support through its charitable operations.
  • Trusts are very useful for guaranteeing income and capital tax exemptions. The trust may offer more robust protection against strict tax regulations for the settler, beneficiaries, and trust assets.
  • The trust has broad legal protection under the Indian Trusts Act of 1882. Furthermore, it prohibits any third party from bringing up a pointless lawsuit that would undermine the trust's credibility in court.
  • It is best to set up a trust when a person and their family move abroad so that they can be exempted from paying taxes in the new nation, protecting their assets and enabling more organizational flexibility.

In conclusion, trusts play a vital role in India's legal system, and the various types of trusts have different functions. It's critical to comprehend the various trust kinds and their conditions, whether you're establishing a trust to protect family assets or for charity objectives, to guarantee that your arrangement is both lawful and functional.

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