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Media Role In Criminology

Throughout the twentieth century, the relationship between the criminal justice system and the media system has been the topic of research, analysis, and debate. Neither the media nor the criminal justice system can function properly without the other. The criminal justice system serves as a resource for the media by providing one of the most popular sources of news and entertainment stories.

Understanding the connections between wrongdoing and also the media is critical to comprehending the social position that wrongdoing and media occupy in our social world. This section will be dealing with an introduction to the study of misconduct and media. I intend to provide an overview of the friendly issues and talks that have shaped the role of media in criminal justice system.

Media In Criminology

Many media researchers agree that media violence has an impact on aggression, however the impact on violence is less evident. While no scientific discipline has reached perfect agreement, a study performed found that more than 90% of paediatricians and almost two-thirds of media researchers asked agreed that violent video games increase aggression in children.[1] Years of research have shown that the influence of TV violence on children leads to the unavoidable conclusion that witnessing media violence is associated to increases in violent attitudes, values, and behaviours, psychologist John Murray stated in 2008.[2]

The New York Daily News released a report about a "potential copycat" crime a week after the Aurora shooting. After making threatening phone calls to his job, a man was apprehended in his Maryland home. According to the post, the suspect said, "I am a [sic] joker" and "I'm going to load my firearms and shoot everybody up." Police discovered "a lethal armoury of 25 firearms and thousands of rounds of ammunition" at the suspect's residence during their search.[3]

Though criminologists are typically sceptical that those who commit violent crimes are primarily motivated by media violence, there does appear to be some evidence that media may influence how some offenders commit crime. Ray Surette, a criminologist, discovered in his research of significant and violent juvenile offenders that "approximately one out of every three juveniles claims having considered a copycat crime and about one out of every four reports actually having attempted one" [4]

Simply put, neither the media nor the criminal justice system can function properly without the other. What proportion of wrongdoing is out there, what forms of misconduct are commonly expected, who is most at risk, and what are the best reactions - all of this is derived mostly from sources, on the other hand, personal experience. The media is the most prominent of these. The media is an important source of 'knowledge' on wrongdoing, upheaval, and power.

Photos of heinous wrongdoing, for example, may repel some while attracting others, upsetting some while energising others, alarming some while anger others. Readers are encouraged to look beyond their natural desire to deal with advanced subjects with work on records and guesses. The relationship between media images and our general environment is remarkable. As a result, nailing down is mind-boggling and difficult.

Image and portrayal now invade all aspects of social presence- "Regulators of the media investigate and support social and political concerns. Given the close interdependence of the political, business, and financial means of wrongdoing and problem, it's a minor miracle that it includes so prominently across all media and markets[5]." The need of comprehending the relationships between "criminology and the media" becomes more concrete as the borders between truth and fiction grow increasingly diffuse and uncertain.

Although criminologists frequently deny a "violent media cause violence" link, they do not ignore the idea of media influence. On the contrary, much criminological interest has been focused over the decades on the construction of social problems, the ideological implications of media, and the potential impact of media on crime policies and social control.[6]

To avoid the spread of incorrect information, social media platforms are accountable for monitoring and regulating user accounts. The censorship of incorrect information must take precedence over the free exchange of knowledge. As a result, incorrect information has caused significant harm to the victims concerned, and it is impossible to undo the damage; consequently, it is preferable to avoid and monitor the dissemination of such information rather than cope with the repercussions.

Furthermore, social media platforms must act as moral police for their platforms to ensure that they are not abused at the expense of the public good. Social media managers must guarantee that their platforms satisfy their initial aims and objectives.

The line between infringing on free speech rights and guaranteeing misleading information should be established where rights and liberties are utilised to inflict harm and discomfort to others. In this sense, when other parties' rights are infringed and denied in the name of other parties exercising their rights, a criminal component emerges.

  1. Bushman, 2016
  2. Murray, 2008, p. 1212
  3. McShane, 2012
  4. Surette, 2002, pp. 56, 63; Surette 2011
  5. GRABER, D. Crime, News and the Public. New York: Prager,1980
  6. Ferrell, Hayward, & Young, 2015, pp. 154�155

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