The Indian Parliament legislates with the use of governmental acts. Only
after the draft bills are passed by the Parliament, these acts are introduced
into the Indian Constitution. There are various types of bills that are
introduced in the parliament to enact law.
What Is A Bill?
A bill is said to be a draft statute that is presented in either houses of the
Parliament only after being passed by both the houses of the Parliament and it
has received president’s assent. These are legislative proposals that are
introduced in the forms of bills.
Types of Bills In India
Ordinary Bills As per Articles 107 and 108 of the Indian Constitution, an ordinary bill is
concerned with any matter other than financial subjects. An ordinary bill is
introduced in either House of the Parliament. This bill is introduced by
Minister or a Private member. There is no recommendation of President in
case of ordinary bill. Ordinary bill can be amended/rejected by Rajya Sabha
and it can be detained by Rajya Sabha for a period of six months. After
being passed by both the houses of Parliament, it is presented to the
President for his approval or assent under Article 111 of the Indian
Constitution. There is a provision of joint sitting in case of ordinary
Money bills Money bills are those bills which are concerned with financial matters like
taxation, public expenditure, etc. These are those bills that contain
provisions that deal with all or any of the matters specified in Article 110
of the Indian Constitution. This bill is presented only in Lok Sabha. It is
introduced only by the Minister. Money bill is introduced only after
President’s recommendation. This bill cannot be amended or rejected by Rajya
Sabha. It can be detained by Rajya Sabha for the maximum period of 14 days.
Money bill is then sent to the President for his approval only after being
passed Lok Sabha. There is no provision of joint sitting in case of money
As per Article 117 of the Indian Constitution, financial bills are those
bills which are concerned with financial matters but are different from
money bills. Financial bills are further classified as Financial bills
Categories A and B. Category A Bills contain provisions dealing with any of
the matters specified in sub- clause a to f of clause 1 of Article 110
Indian Constitution and Category B Bills involve expenditure from the
Consolidated Fund of India.
Constitutional Amendment Bill Article 368 of the Indian Constitution is concerned with the provisions of
amendment of the Constitution.
Ordinance Replacing Bill
This bill is brought before Parliament to replace an ordinance with or
without modifications promulgated by President under Article 123 of the