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Oscar Winning Movie Parasite: Explores Class Disparity

Not rich, but still nice. She's nice because she's rich. Hell, if I had all this money. I'd be nice, too!

This monologue of Chung-sook, the main protogonist of the Oscar winning movie Parasite is copious to understand the gist of this popular movie.

The ideal way to experience South Korean auteur Bong Joon-ho's awards-garlanded, international box-office smash is a block buster through out the globe. So if you're reading this article of ours before seeing the film, and you've managed to avoid the whirlwind of publicity it has attracted since winning the Palme d'Or in May of 2019, it may be simpler to just stop and head straight to the cinema. Because, at the risk of adding to the hype, Parasite really is the kind of significant experience that makes modern movie-going such a joy. We saw it for the third time last week.

If we see the Bong's work, then it is crafted metaphorically to show the gap of rich to poor.

They all smell the same, says Da-song, the son of the rich Park family, about the four members of the Kim family who crept into the villa of the Parks as domestic servants under psuedo names and claiming not to know each other. They can't get rid of the smell of poverty, the smell of subway,the cellar-like smell of their perpetually damp basement apartment.

Through the recommendation of a good friend, the son of the Kim family, Ki-woo, gets a job as an English tutor in the house of the Park family. He, his sister and his parents live a precarious and haphzard life They all are mostly unemployed. They have their talents, but they fail almost every time. Like the family's artistically gifted daughter Ki-jeong, who repeatedly fails the art academy and can only develop her talents by forging documents. This forgery helps her to get the job in Park family.

Ki-woo succeeds in accommodating all the members of his family into the Park villa. Ki-jeong becomes art therapist for Da-song, who had been traumatized in early childhood, their father, Ki-taek - chauffeur and mother, Chung-sook- housekeeper. Ki-taek explains to his children that they shouldn't make plans, because if they go wrong, they will be bitterly disappointed. Soon it becomes clear that even without plans everything can go wrong.

Director Bong Joon-ho depicts the wealthy family Park without any sympathy or empathy. The characters are shallow, you can't even feel any sympathy for the children. One hopes that Kim's family will succeed at least in something. They are a bit broken, but living people with solidarity holding them together.

Many enjoyed the movie in theatre sitting besides us( some purely urban type sophisticated ladies even clapped loudly for the reasons know to them). As a lawyer, we prohibited ourself a lot till interval not to find any legal angle in this tragic cum comic drama and to just enjoy like all others.But it was irresistible impulse and we eventually fall in line for a lawyer's job.

Parasite is a scaled black comedy-slash-farce that resonates beyond its generic limits-a movie about status envy, aspiration, materialism, the patriarchal family unit and the idea of having or hiring servants. More than this, it is about the suppressed horror of the classification for its underlings and its morbid distaste for the smell of people who have to use public transport.

The movie is all about the social unequality and wide gap between rich and poor. When constitutions of some of the most democratic nations including India and South Korea are full of such provisions which advocate the socialism and equal distribution of resources among their people, then 'Parasite' is an eye opener. As the movie is based on society of South Korea, we ventured into the constitutional manadates of that nation.

The Article 119 of Korean constitution talks about stable and balanced growth rates, "proper distribution of income", and preventing "abuse of economic power". These are explicitly listed as goals of the government.

The regulatory goal to:
"democratize the economy through harmony among economic agents" in the same article reflects the strong prevalence of traditional Korean values and the close relationship between politics and the economy.

Other provisions of her constitution are also reflective of social justice with just distribution of resources with equal opportunities for all the citizen.
Though the movie is South Korean based but it reflects the true picturesque of Indian scenario too.

The movie Parasite succeeds to win Oscar, a reason because in modern era we all around the globe have the phrase Social Justice documented in books only, quite far from ground reality. The countries like Russia, Cuba, China who claim themselves to be socialist economies, failed in reality to implement the so call social justice on ground.

We have article 16 (non discrimination in public employment) , article 38 and 39 ( social and economic justice) article 43 ( living wages to labours) and many other such provisions which are specifically meant to reduced the gap between rich and poor .

The story of class disparity is not different in United States.
Esteemed economist Krueger wrote: The rise in inequality in the United States over the last three decades has reached the point that inequality in incomes is causing an unhealthy division in opportunities, and is a threat to our economic growth. Restoring a greater degree of fairness to the U.S. job market would be good for businesses, good for the economy, and good for the country.

Since the wealthy tend to save nearly 50% of their marginal income while the remainder of the population saves roughly 10%, other things equal this would reduce annual consumption (the largest component of GDP) by as much as 5%, but would increase investment, at least some of which would likely take place in the US.

An analysis of FBI and Southern Poverty Law Center data revealed one factor that stood out as a predictor of hate crimes and hate incidents in a given state: income inequality. States with more inequality were more likely to have higher rates of hate incidents per capita.

Similarly in China, though a developing state, but class differentiation is deeply rooted.

China is an emerging economy, with quarterly GDP growth rates averaging 9.31% for the past two decades, supported mainly by strong exports. However, China still faces a number of socioeconomic issues, including the increasing income disparity between different groups of citizens, largely characterized by rural-urban income inequality.

Despite a constant growth of China's economy since economic reforms in 1978, the rural-urban income gap reached its widest in more than three decades in 2009. According to data from National Bureau of Statistics of China, at its widest disparity, city dwellers were earning 3.33 times as much as farmers (income ratio of 3.33:1), with per capita income of urban households standing at 17175 yuan while per capita net income of rural households at 5153 yuan.

Bong leads us to the question who are the real parasites?
 The Kim's have lied and are trying to get hold of the Parks' alcohol supply, but they work for their money every day, cooking, driving, teaching or playing, jumping on command, with the threat that any time they will be fired because their boss doesn't like their smell.

Class disparity is no more imaginery. This is new normal and new macabre. The difference could be easily seen between Park and Kim family. The former hates the later. The former is compelled to take the later at every such place where they don't want anyone else other than their own so called super class. The picture is not different in any other part of planet.
Research conducted at the University of Toronto by Stéphane Côté and colleagues confirms that the rich are less generous than the poor, but their findings suggest it's more complicated than simply wealth making people stingy.

Rather, it's the distance created by wealth differentials that seems to break the natural flow of human kindness. Côté found that higher-income individuals are only less generous if they reside in a highly unequal area or when inequality is experimentally portrayed as relatively high.

Rich people were as generous as anyone else when inequality was low. The rich are less generous when inequality is extreme, a finding that challenges the idea that higher-income individuals are just more selfish. If the person who needs help doesn't seem that different from us, we'll probably help them out. But if they seem too far away (culturally, economically) we're less likely to lend a hand.

This hate of rich towards poor exists in every part ( may it be urban, semi urban or rural) of this wide world.

The class disparity forced the municipality corporation of Ahmedabad to conceal the slums dwellers from the magnificent eyes of so called upper class. Mr. Bong, not only succeeds to win the award but he proved that rich are rich and poor and poor.

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