These days people are totally dependent on the internet. The Internet became
a circadian necessity in human lives. The more people are using the internet the
more it is developing.
And the more it is developing the more it is creating an impact in the society.
Communicating with people became so easy. But everything has its own drawbacks
and so does the internet. Some of the drawbacks which include invasion of
privacy, cyber stalking,phishing scams, online harassment, cyber bullying, fraud
and many more.
This article aims to present a brief
study on the concept of cyber bullying. This paper also aims to provide a
comparative study and will present an international perspective on this topic.
What Is Cyber Bullying?
Blowing out someone else's candle doesn't make yours shine any brighter
Cyber Bullying is nothing but bullying someone on online platforms such as
Facebook, Whats-app, Instagram, tweeter etc. But it is said to be bullied only
when something negative is shared about someone and that can cause a huge harm
to their reputation. Cyber bullying is so dangerous because it gives the
ability to harass anyone in public at any time through devices and mostly
students are the victims of these kinds of harassment. A Canadian educator,
Bill Belsey first coined the term cyber bullying. The main intention of cyber
bullying is to harm a person mentally.
Cyber bullying is also done by creating
a website and posting atrocious pictures of a person which can cause harm to
their reputation.Threatening someone on social media or in any gaming app can
also result in cyber bullying.
What Is The International Perspective Of Cyber Bullying?
Not only in India, people these days are getting bullied online all across the
world. The worst part is there is no awareness regarding kids getting bullied
by which they are getting mentally disturbed. Many videos of people getting
bullied are uploaded on YouTube, and they cannot be traced because those videos
were uploaded anonymously. In many countries there are no specific laws for
In U.K half of 12-15 years kids get bullied each and every day. Though bullying
is not a criminal offence in U.K there are many laws which can be used to punish
a person who bullied someone such as Protection from Harassment Act,1997 where
harassment is punished under section 3, Computer Misuse Act, 1990, crime
defamation Acts 1952 and 1996
Nearly every state in the U.S took steps to prevent bullying or cyber bullying.
A new law was passed to make cyber bullying a crime under the Megan Meier Cyber
bullying prevention Act, 33. California passed an act Safe Place To Learn Act to
make schools and colleges a better place to learn and the penalties are
suspension, 1 year of jail and fine up to $1000.
In May, 2017 Italy passed a new law with 432 votes in which cyber bullying is
described as an offense. This law is passed after many victims committed
suicide and most of the victims were teenagers.
What Are The Steps Taken?
There are no specific laws in India regarding cyber bullying. Cyber bullying is
not something which can be obliterated without even reporting. It is not easy
for a victim to cope up with the bully they faced because someone said words
scar, rumors destroy and bullies kill.
After the amendment of Indian Penal
Code, 1860 in 2013 there are some laws to rely on such as Section 499 of IPC
defines defamation, Section 292A defines printing matter intended to blackmail,
Section 354A describes sexual harassment, Section 354D defines stalking, Section
509 defines any word or act intended to insult a woman.
The Information Technology Amendment Act
also provides remedies for cyber bullying. Section 66A of IT Act defines
punishment for a person for sending an offensive message through any
communicating device. Section 66E defines punishments for invading privacy.
Section 67 defines punishment for publishing any obscene picture.
What Is The Present Condition?
Presently in India there is a huge increase in cyber bullying cases. But the no.of cases reported are not proportionate to actual no.of cases because 9.2% of
the kids didn't tell their teachers and parents about getting bullied.
According to Child Rights and You (CRY) 1 in 3 adults get bullied everyday and
most of them are aged between 13-18 years. According to the National Crime
Records Bureau there is a 36% increase in cyber stalking and cyber bullying
cases in India.
Rittika Sharma's case:
Rittika Sharma, who was a student in a reputed Delhi school was stalked by a Facebook friend whom she unfriended months ago and whom she gave all her
information including residential address, school address and even cell phone
number. She told her brother regarding this and her brother filed a complaint
against this. After this incident Delhi police organised an awareness programs
where all the students were told not to send their personal details to any
Ritu Kohli's Case:
While discussing cyber stalking and Cyber bullying, Ritu Kohli's case is the
case one should mention. Ritu Kohli's Case was the first cyber stalking case
reported in India. A girl named Ritu Kohli filed a complaint in 2001 that
someone else is using her identity in social media and she was deliberately
getting calls from different numbers she was also getting calls from abroad. A
case was also filed under Section 509 of Indian penal code.
Cyber bullying, if no steps are taken against this, can create a huge problem
on the Internet. Lawmakers should discuss with the psychiatrists to make law
against cyber bullying because bullying causes a huge mental pressures among
children and mostly children are the victims.
Not only cyber bullying, there are many other cyber crimes happening all over
the country which needs separate laws. If laws are not made soon the victims
will have to suffer more. But as we all know precautions are better than
cure the students needs to be more aware and needs to use Internet positively,
they need to take security measures on their social media profiles.
- A Critical Analysis On Cyber Bullying In Indian By Saveetha School Of
Law, Saveetha University, Chennai.
- India Today
- Information Technology Act
- Indian Penal Code