In technically driven society, people use various devices to make life simple.
Globalization results in connecting people all around the world. The increasing
access to and continuous use of technology has radically impacted the way in
which people communicate and conduct their daily lives. The internet connects
people and companies from opposite sides of the world fast, easily, and
relatively economically. Nevertheless, the internet and computer can pose some
threats which can have disparaging impact on civilisations. Cybercrime is a
hazard against different organisations and people whose computers are connected
to the internet and particularly mobile technology.
Cybercrime is a dangerous crime involving computers or digital devices, in which
a computer can be either a target of the crime, a tool of the crime or contain
evidence of the crime. Cybercrime basically defined as any criminal activity
that occurs over the Internet. There are many examples such as fraud, malware
such as viruses, identity theft and cyber stalking. In present environment,
since most information processing depends on the use of information technology,
the control, prevention and investigation of cyber activities is vital to the
success of the Organizations, Government's agencies and individuals. The
procurement and maintenance of highly skill cybercrime expert by Government and
Business Enterprises cannot be exaggerated.
Earlier, cybercrime was committed mainly by individuals or small groups.
Presently, it is observed that there is highly complex cybercriminal networks
bring together individuals at global level in real time to commit crimes.
Today, criminals that indulge in cybercrimes are not motivated by ego or
expertise. Instead, they want to use their knowledge to gain profits promptly.
They are using their capability to snip, deceive and exploit people as they find
it easy to generate money without having to do an honest work. Cybercrimes have
become major threat today.
Cybercrimes are broadly categorized into three groups such as crime against
This type of cybercrime can be in the form of cyber stalking, distributing ,
trafficking and "grooming". In present situation, law enforcement agencies are
considering such cybercrime very serious and are joining forces worldwide to
reach and arrest the committers.
Same as in the real world where a criminal can steal and pickpocket, even in the
cyber world, offenders resort to stealing and robbing. In this case, they can
steal a person's bank details and drain off money; misuse the credit card to
make frequent purchases online; run a scam to get naive people to part with
their hard earned money; use malicious software to gain access to an
organization's website or disrupt the systems of the organization. The malicious
software can also damage software and hardware, just like vandals damage
property in the offline world.
Crimes against a government are denoted to as cyber terrorism. If criminals are
successful, it can cause devastation and panic amongst the citizen. In this
class, criminals hack government websites, military websites or circulate
propaganda. The committers can be terrorist outfits or unfriendly governments of
Types of Cyber Crimes:There are many types of cybercrimes:
In this category, a person's computer is broken into so that his personal or
sensitive information can be accessed. In the United States, hacking is
categorized as a wrongdoing and punishable as such. This is different from
ethical hacking, which many organizations use to check their Internet security
protection. In hacking, the criminal uses a variety of software to enter a
person's computer and the person may not be aware that his computer is being
accessed from a remote location. Many crackers also try to gain access to
resources through the use of password cracking soft wares.
Hackers can also monitor what users do on their computer and can also import
files on their computer. A hacker could install several programs on to their
system without their knowledge. Such programs could also be used to steal
personal information such as passwords and credit card information.
This type of cybercrime occurs when a person violates copyrights and downloads
music, movies, games and software. There are even peer sharing websites which
encourage software piracy and many of these websites are now being targeted by
the FBI. Nowadays, the justice system is addressing this cybercrime and there
are laws that avert people from unlawful downloading.
This is a type of online harassment wherein the victim is endangered to a
barrage of online messages and emails. Normally, these stalkers know their
victims and instead of resorting to offline stalking, they use the Internet to
stalk. However, if they notice that cyber stalking is not having the desired
effect, they begin offline stalking along with cyber stalking to make the
victims' lives more dejected.
This is a major problem with people using the Internet for cash transactions and
banking services. In this cybercrime, a criminal accesses data about a person's
bank account, credit cards, Social Security, debit card, full name and other
sensitive information to drain off money or to buy things online in the victim's
name. The identity thief can use person's information to fraudulently apply for
credit, file taxes, or get medical services. It can result in major financial
losses for the victim and even spoil the victim's credit history.
This software, also called computer virus is Internet-based software or programs
that are used to disrupt a network. The software is used to gain access to a
system to gather sensitive information or data or causing damage to software
present in the system.
Child soliciting and Abuse:
This is also a type of cybercrime in which criminals solicit minors via chat
rooms for the purpose of child P.graphy. The FBI has been spending a lot of time
monitoring chat rooms visited by children in order to reduce and prevent child
abuse and soliciting.
Virus dissemination: Malicious software that attaches itself to other software.
(virus, worms, Trojan Horse, web jacking, e-mail bombing etc.).
It is a type of cybercrime that Damages or destroys data rather than stealing.
It transmits virus.
Cyber terrorism: It is a use of Internet based attacks in terrorist activities.
Technology savvy terrorists are using 512-bit encryption, which is impossible to
decrypt.Written By: Rajat Singh,
course- B.ALL.B (Hons) 2nd Yr College- Law College Dehradun