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Violence Against Animals: An Insight

We can make indefinite number of laws but it is very difficult to implement them. We heard news on regular basis related to cruelty and inhumane incidents done by Humans. If we implement all the laws that have been made, then it will be easy for us to provide justice to everyone. As the time flies, it seems like humanity is merely a word in the English Dictionary and if humans continue to act with such cruelty, humanity will soon disappear from this world.

Now it's high time for us to take a step forward for animals, after those inhumane incidents which were taken place recently. If we do not take a strict action against those culprits then people will definitely predict that we all are in support of cruelty against animals.

The Greatness of a Nation and its Moral Progress can be judged by the way its Animals are treated-Mahatma Gandhi

Introduction:
The motive of this article provides an overview of the laws prevailing in India for the protection of cruelty against animal. It also highlights on some cases of animal cruelty which was recently taken place in India. These two cases show cruelty against animals and how human can become inhumane.

Summary Of Incidents Of Cruelty Against Animals:

The grisly incident and an inhumane act of killing a pregnant elephant named Vinayak was taken place in Kerala on 27th May, 2020 that led to a widespread condemnation. The pregnant elephant had left the forest in search of food. As she walked on the streets, after some time the incident took place in Silent Valley forest. She had fallen a victim of a cruelty and inhumane act. After having a pineapple stuffed with powerful crackers offered by a man, it exploded in her mouth when she started to chomp on it.

She was in severe pain and she died standing in the River. One day after this incident when Kerala government ordered to probe in this case, post-mortem report revealed a shocking truth; it said that the elephant was pregnant. And after this incident, a similar incident has come to light in Kollam district where a young female elephant had met with similar fate and died of injuries in her mouth a month ago.

Days after the Gruesome Elephant incident in Kerala, another horrific incident came into light which was occurred in Himachal Pradesh last month.

This incident took place in Dahad Village of Bilashpur District where a man allegedly fed a Pregnant Cow with some explosives mixed with eatables. After that cow had received grievous injuries in her mouth and jaw, she was given a medical first aid. A video was made informing people about this incident. That video went viral on social media and police came into action and arrested the accused. After investigation it was found that the wounds have been inflicted by some explosive materials that were used by the local people to deter animals from damaging their crops.

The killing of the pregnant elephant and the cow incident shook the entire nation recently. India has strong laws that ensure punishment for cruelty towards animals. But they are not known to everyone. Hopefully those laws will get effectively implemented in these cases and the animals will get justice for violation of their rights.

Two year ago, i.e. in 2018, a grisly incident and an inhumane act came into light which was also very shocking for us. A seven-year-old pregnant goat dies after being allegedly gang raped by 8 men in the village of Haryana. One of the accused met the owner of the goat the day after he had raped her and said that it had a nice time. How shameless are these people? There are so many cases on such similar incidents. So, it's time to take a strict action against those culprits who don't even leave the animals and violate their rights.
Sometimes, it seems that animals act more human like than humans themselves.

Laws Associated With Animal Cruelty In India:

In India, a number of incidents in Animal Cruelty are being witnessed and they are totally ignored without taking any step against the accused. Animal Protection Laws are not strictly implemented in India. So, it's important for everyone to make ourselves aware with the existing laws in India regarding Animal Protection.

Section 11 (1) (a)-(o) of Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960:
If any animal is subjected to any form of cruelty specified under section11 (1) (a)-(o) like beating, kicking, tortures or unnecessary pain and suffering, the guilty shall be punishable (in the case of a first offence, with fine which shall not be less than ten rupees but which may extend to fifty rupees and in the case of a second or subsequent offence committed within three years of the previous offence, with fine which shall not be less than twenty-five rupees but which may extend, to one hundred rupees or with imprisonment for a term which may extend, to three months, or with both).

Section428 of the Indian Penal Code:
This section deals with the punishment for committing mischief by killing, poisoning, maiming, rendering useless any animal or animals of the value of ten rupees or upwards, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.

Section 429 of the Indian Penal Code:
This section deals with the punishment for the same nature of crime but for the animals of the value of fifty rupees or upwards. It must be immediately lodged as an F.I.R. at the local police station. The punishment in this case will be imprisonment of either description for a term, which may extend to five years or with a fine, or with both.

Article 51 A in the Constitution of India, 1949:
It speaks about the duties of every citizen in India. Section 51 A(g) deals with the protection and improvement of the natural environment including forests, lakes, river and wild life and having one of these duties includes having compassion for living creatures.

Section 9 in the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972:
Under Section 9, Prohibition of hunting is provided. It states that no person shall hunt any wild animal specified in Schedules I, II, III and IV except as provided under section 11 and section 12.

Wild Life Protection Act provides for protection of wild animals, birds and plants and for matter connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. This law applies to whole India except Jammu & Kashmir which has its own Wild Life Act
.

Some Other Laws Related To Animal Protection:

  1. The Performing Animals Rules, 1973 and the Performing Animals (Registration) Rules, 2001
  2. The Prevention of Cruelty to Draught and Pack Animals Rules, 1965.
  3. The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Slaughter House) Rules, 2001.
  4. The Experiments on Animals (Control and Supervision) Rules,1968.

It's our duty to follow these specified laws made for the well-being of Animals. We can make a number of laws but laws can never succeed alone, if its citizens do not take any responsibility towards them.

However, if we analyse the laws related to Animal Cruelty such as Section 428 and Section 429 of IPC and Section 9 of the Wild Life Protection Act, 1972, we can see that these sections clearly mentions that if there is any kind of cruelty against any animals, the guilty will be punished under these appropriate laws.

In India, these issues of Animal Cruelty are not taken on a serious notes. But now enough said and done, it is high time to implement these laws in order to stop this kind of cruelty by Human against Animal.

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