Domestic abuse is not just physical violence. Domestic violence is any action
that is intended to obtain power and influence over a spouse, girlfriend, girl/
boy, or an intimate family member. Abuse is a learned behavior; it is not
induced by rage, psychiatric illness, drugs or alcohol, or other traditional
Victims Of Domestic Violence:
Women make up the largest group of victims. However, men, children, and elderly
people may also be victims of domestic violence. Domestic violence occurs at all
levels of society and in all population groups.
Abuse is usually intentional, but not always. For example, often people can no
longer cope with family care. The situation can then escalate and lead to abuse.
Facts Of Domestic Violence In India:
The issue of gender-based violence in India has been on the political agenda for
many years. And with substantial data, one thing is clear: rampant domestic
violence against women in India is a reality. Every third woman, since she was
15 years of age, has been confronted with domestic violence of various forms in
the country, according to the National Family Health Survey (NHFS-4) released by
the Union Ministry of Health. Thus, the incubation of a new round of debate on
the cultural underpinnings of domestic violence.
According to the survey, 27 percent of women have experienced physical violence
in India since the age of 15. This experience of physical violence between women
is more common in rural areas than among women in urban areas. Domestic violence
cases, where women reported physical abuse in rural and urban areas, were 29
percent and 23 percent respectively.
The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005 (PWDVA) sets out a
comprehensive definition of domestic violence that encompasses all forms of
physical, emotional, verbal, sexual, and economic violence and covers both
actual acts of violence and threats of violence. Also, the PWDVA recognizes
marital rape and treats harassment in the form of unlawful dowry claims as a
form of abuse.
Domestic Violence In Covid-19:
Domestic violence has increased globally, driven by mandatory home-stay rules,
physical distances, economic uncertainties, and pandemic anxieties. Across the
world, countries including China, the United States, Brazil, Tunisia, France,
Australia, and others have reported cases of increased domestic violence and
intimate partner violence. India, infamous for gender-based violence (and ranked
the fourth worst country in terms of gender equality, according to public
perception), is showing similar trends.
Types Of Abuses:
- Physical abuse may include beating, biting, slapping, beating, shoving,
punching, pulling hair, burning, cutting, pinching, etc. (any kind of
violent behavior inflicted on the victim). Physical abuse also includes
denying someone medical treatment and forcing someone to use drugs/ alcohol.
- Sexual abuse occurs when the abuser forces or attempts to force the
victim to have sexual contact or sexual behavior without the consent of the
victim. This often takes the form of marital rape, attacks on the sexual
parts of the body, physical violence followed by sex, sexual demeaning of
the victim, or even sexual jokes at the expense of the victim.
- Emotional abuse means invalidating or deflating the victim's sense of
self-esteem and/or self-esteem. Emotional abuse frequently takes the form of
persistent criticism, name-calling, injury to the victim's relationship with
his / her children, or dissatisfaction with the victim's abilities.
- Economic abuse occurs when the abuser makes or tries to make the victim
financially dependent. Economic offenders also try to retain absolute
leverage of financial resources, to restrict victims access to funds, or to
discourage the victim from going to school or work.
- Psychological abuse is a catchall term for intimidating,
threatening, or fear-causing behavior. This conduct has to be consistent and
meaningful. Generally, a one-time event will not be enough to bring domestic
violence to bear. Like emotional abuse, psychological abuse may not, on its
own, be enough to engage in domestic violence unless it is particularly
- Technological abuse includes the use of technology to control and hold a
partner. Technological abuse may happen to people of all ages, but it is
more common among teenagers who use technology and social media to
communicate in a way that is often unmonitored by adults.
Steps That Survivors Of Domestic Violence Should Take:
In addition to finding help and counseling from services such as Genesis Women's
Shelter and Help or a therapist, Aubrey urges victims and survivors of domestic
abuse to take the following steps when they can do so:
- Call the cops. If you are physically or sexually assaulted by your
spouse, partner, or anyone else, call the police and ask for help
- Take videos of the injuries. It's important to keep some evidence of
- During the assault, I had clients grab a phone and hit a record in the
voice memo, he said.
- Go to the doctor right now. Tell your doctor you were raped and have a
rape kit prepared, just as if you were assaulted by a third party or not.
- Create a safety. Survivors of domestic violence should set up a safety
plan for themselves and their children. A safety plan may involve stashing
some money, clothing, phones, extra car keys, passports, I.D.s, and other essential
documents in a safe place outside the house.
Domestic violence is one of the most egregious types of harassment suffered by
women in our culture today. Statistics show that 85% of victims of domestic
violence are female. Only 15% of the victims are men. Domestic violence can
happen to anyone, regardless of race, creed, religion, or standing in the
victim's society. If the issue of domestic violence is not dealt with
adequately, this type of abuse will continue to exist in all classes of society
without an end. For us, as a society, to eradicate this horrible type of abuse,
we need to stand together and make tougher laws to protect the victims of this
Written By: Darshika Lodha
, a BBA.LLB (Hons.) student of
Unitedworld School of Law, Karnavati University.