Around this point the world is facing the greatest humanitarian catastrophe
of all time, COVID 19 pandemic has shaken the walls of every health agency in
the world. All countries try to approach the crisis by all means, and yet
somehow policymakers have overlooked about the millions of people in migrant
camps, and at this point, the world population has about 26 million immigrants,
almost half of whom are under 18 years.
While nations go into complete lockdown and social removing is essentially
affecting the lives of individuals on the planet, to keep up social separation
or go into complete lockdown in strife zones is a major challenge as camps are
exceptionally congested and vigorously pressed. Evacuee camps in Syria, Greece,
and Bangladesh and over the world, face increased COVID-19 hazard because of all
the more thickly pressed offices, lacking clinical administrations, helpless
disinfection conditions, and, most fundamentally, government aloofness and
numbness towards these individuals.
Reasons Why Covid 19 Has More Danger Of Spreading In Refugee Camps
Congested and Packed SpacesMost of the individuals living in displaced
person camps live in profoundly stuffed and restricted spaces. Bangladesh
right now houses about 1 million Rohingya displaced people, this is the
world's biggest and most thickly populated (120,000 individuals for each
square miles) exile camp and almost 65% of these evacuees live in 34 camps
spread across 5 square miles. Such day to day environments makes social
removing all the harder and individuals become warier of the infection.
Even though nations go into full lockdown and social separation largely
affects individuals' lives far and wide, protecting social separation or
going into complete lockdown in combat areas is a significant challenge as
camps are exceptionally congested and vigorously pressed. Lobbyists and help
laborers have over and again cautioned of the awful cost it could take on
the world's biggest evacuee camp, as diseases there, keep on spreading.
- Lack of Sanitization in Camps- sufficient and legitimate sterilization
is required for living solid and to prevent diseases and pestilences yet
disinfection is a significant issue in outcast camps as individuals have
restricted assets, for example, inappropriate waste administration
frameworks, deficiency or no water flexibly. The UNHCR gauges that the
greater part of the exile camps on the planet can't give the suggested day
by day water least of 20 liters of water for each individual every day. So,
lack of appropriate sterilization in camps can prompt a quicker spread of
Lack of Knowledge In Regards To Infection and SymptomsMost people
living in these conflict camps are either exceptionally less taught or
ignorant. According to studies more than 40% of Syrian refugees are children
aged less than 12 years and these children have never been to school or have
very little education. Refugees live in isolated spaces where there are very
fewer modes of getting information about the pandemic its implications and
how to prevent it and sometimes the information they receive is mutilated.
Poor Medical health care services: Refugee populations tend to have poorer health indicators than the
communities from which they came. According to the Journal of Annual Review
of Public Health Refugees usually have the highest risk of mortality
immediately after reaching their country of asylum, as they frequently
arrive in poor health and are completely dependent on foreign aid. Poor
medical facilities and badly organized medical infrastructure in refugee
camps can lead to a high mortality rate and also limited access to testing
can also lead to a faster spread of the virus.
Fear and Stigma: A dread that more COVID cases will develop quickly in exile camps will
prompt individuals working close by close their businesses and even outcasts
of losing their positions or even compelled to oust or return to their
Many countries like Italy have closed their ports because of public safety
concerns during the pandemic meanwhile Malaysia refused entry of Rohingya
refugees coming on a boat which lead to the death of 30-35 people. Canada who
has opened its border for refugees many times also refused entry of refugees on
similar grounds as of Italy.
Similarly, in Bangladesh, new Rohingya refugees coming from sea roots have been
directly quarantined on an island in the Bay of Bengal without any access to
basic facilities or proper medical check-ups. Some small countries with small or
poor health care infrastructure are unable to give proper care to its citizens
so itís unlikely that they can provide for medical services in conflict camps.
In India, government help was given to works however Rohingya displaced people
were not given any assistance as they are considered as illicit foreigners.
Numerous nations like Kenya has forced total lockdown in exiles camps to control
the spread yet the lockdown has placed a great deal of antagonistic impact on
individuals in these camps as help laborers, NGOs, associations working for
outcasts are likewise not permitted to enter the camps and individuals are
confronting part of difficulties.
While most nations been shut, voyaging limitations being set, strengthened
outskirt observation, migration limits set, and so forth. COVID 19 emergency
could grow into an infringement of human rights influencing the underestimated
portion of individuals in the public eye.
United Nation Operating For Asylum Seekers
United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) As well as several other
international organizations working on migration and refugee rights, the process
of resettlement of refugees indefinitely has been halted as a preventive measure
to avoid the pace affecting the lives of more than 70 million displaced persons.
This temporary ban may lead to cases of indefinite detention of asylum seekers
to their country of origin which may present a possible risk of persecution in
their native country.
But besides that, UNHRC is still working for refugees it collaborating with
NGOs, community workers and various governments to come forward and help people
in conflict zones. Social workers are distributing hygiene kits soaps bars and
are spreading awareness about the virus in the camp.
As we are now aware that this pandemic will have a larger impact on the migrant
camps, which would, in turn, entail increased medicine and medical services
which might not be feasible for certain countries, so it is prudent to address
the situation immediately. Authorities need to step up and prepare accordingly
for the worst. Radical measures need to be introduced early so that these
communities can be shielded because of the situation in these countries
escalates it can transform into the world's greatest human rights issue.
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