Let favorable wind blow, rivers flow with pure water.
Let the herbs give vitality to us.
Let the days and nights be enjoyable and dusts of this Earth and the Sky, which
is our father, be free from pollution.
Let the trees and the Sun become pleasant for us.
Let the cows nourish us with their sweet milk.
These hyms of the Rig veda proclaim the universal prayer of mankind to Mother
Nature, who has offered them a suitable place for living. It is the moral
responsibility of the human beings to pay their homage to the natural objects
like the Sun, air, Sky, Oceans, trees ,herbs etc, which make their lives
vigorous and delightful.
The Shrimad Bhagavad Gita , often referred to as the Gita, is a 700 –verse Hindu
Scripture that is part of the epic Mahabharata, commonly dated to the second
century BCE .Numerous commentaries have been written on the Shrimad Bhagavad
Gita with widely differing views on the essentials. The Shrimad Bhagavad Gita
presents a synthesis of Hindu ideas about dharma, theistic bhakti and the yogic
ideals of Moksha. The text covers Jnana ,bhakti, karma and Raja yoga
incorporating ideas from the Samkhya-yoga philosophy. The Bhagavad Gita is the
best known and most famous of Hindu texts, with a unique pan-Hindu influence.
The Gita's call for selfless action inspired many leaders of the Indian
independence movement including Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Mahatma Gandhi ; the
latter referred to it as his Spiritual Dictionary
. In a war centric
Environment, Lord Krishna explained Arjuna the necessity of war in favour of
dharma ( right Judgment). While narrating ,Krishna mentioned the universe as
creation from his power and he is the governor of birth and death of living
He is the rules of the universe and everything reacted according to his
direction. He is the creator of the nature and the livings, his another creation
are brought up in the lap of the nature. He has established the rule upon which
the relation between the living and the nature are governed.
Living beings live on food ,which is generated from cloud (rain ) and further
cloud if generated from yagya, the offering to God. The accumulated 'yagya' will
be used as a means of action, i.e; today's offering will be gained in tomorrow.
Every work is governed by the grace of the nature, but only the arrogant people
deny it. Land, water, fire, air, space, mind, intelligence and arrogance these
eight are 'apara' considered to be non-living elements. Except these eight there
is another element of mine, different from those-'para' the sense. It is the
agent which holds the whole universe. All animals are originated from these
Everything in the universe is created from the almighty God itself. Those
creations are not resting distinct, those are strung on a single thread as the
beads and forms a beautiful necklace. Water, the Sun, the moon, the life wind
are all related with each other. These verses are pointing to the integral
relationship among every elements of this universe. Each of them is beautifully
arranged on a string and is governed by a unique force to drive this universe.
If one of these is affected, the whole system will be in unstable condition,
like that necklace- if the string is torn, there will be no existence of the
After the end of some duration all energy and materials are returned to that
Super Power and waits for being manifested for the next life time(kalp).The
world undergoes the changes accordingly ( The evaluation) under his direction.
Evaluation of the nature is a natural Phenomenon.
The livings have to change their structure and behavior in order to sustain in
the world. It is really amazing that so many years ago, the Hindu community had
the concept of evaluation ,though mentioned as a play of the Supreme !The nature
is a form of material energy and it is eternal. The individual souls are also
eternal. When a soul lives in a body, it is a living. The body performs its
transformation from the material energy. In other words, the living has to
depend on the nature to grow.
Nature plays the key role to perform activities and effect is received
accordingly. For the suffering and enjoyment of the world the livings are
responsible . In other words, suffering or enjoyment in the world depends on
the activities of the living entities. The activities of a living, determines
the soul in it to take next birth in Superior and inferior wombs.
In another approach, it can be said that the uplift or downslide in a society of
an individual depends on its behavior to its surroundings. The nature is the
mother of all the livings. The life is created only from the nature. The
interdependency of Environment and living is highlighted in this article.
It's astonishingly wondering that people about 3000 year ago had concept about
the intensive binding of nature and living. The Srimad Bhagavad Gita is
presented like a discussion and offering of Knowledge by a teacher to a student,
and the matters are presented lucidly with examples.
- Madhudvisadasa “ The History of Bhagavad Gita”,2018 https://krishna.org/the-history
of bhagavad -gita/
- Fowler,Jeaneane D. The Bhagavad Gita: A text and commentary for students
, Sussex Academic Press,2012.
- Upadhyaya, KashiNath , Early Buddhism and the Bhagavadgita ,Motilal
Banarsidass publ, 1971
- Hume, Robert E “ Hinduism and War” The American Journal of Theology 20.1
(1916) : 31-44
- Gupta ,Bina “ Bhagavad Gita as duty and virtue ethics : Some
reflections” Journal of Religious Ethics 34-3 (2006) : 373 -395
- Muniapan ,Balakrishnan and Biswajit. Satpathy “ The Dharma and Karma of
CSR from the Bhagavad Gita”. Journal of Human Values 19.2 (2013) : 173 -187
- Rarick Charles A “ Expanding managerial consciousness : Leadership
advice from the Bhagavad Gita” (2007)
Written By: Ms.A.Jonah Elisa Shiny
Authentication No: AG30892871371-24-820