Innovation and creativity is gaining acceleration day by day, leads to emergence
of new technologies. These technological advancements are the results of new
independent element of fourth industrial Revolution (4IR). This new revolution
will help government to address issues like slow economic growth, stagnation and
high unemployment ratio, especially in youth. This revolution also promises
changes in production and consumption activities in a positive manner.
five main 4IR technological area that will affect unemployment and increases the
productivity and they are Artificial Intelligence, Internet of things, 3D
printings, robotics, and wearable's. While adapting with the 4IR, changes in
management, organization and governmental strategies will be required. Thus
future of work will tends towards reduction of unemployment and increase in
productivity, can be classified as desired change due his 4IR.
What do individuals need or expect from your organization?
It is expects from the Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratization to deal with
the legal challenges associated with technological advancement from 4IR
technologies like Robotics and artificial Intelligence. It is a possibility that
robots can replace or compete against human beings. This would results in a
rapid increase in unemployment. Ministry of Human resource must act with this
technological advancement to ensure employment, especially of youth.
regulations are expected from Ministry to be brought to deal with problems which
can occur in employment. This will directly affect the unemployment ratio. Not
only from employment point of view but also legal framework with regards to
crimes and acts of robots need to be addressed.
How can you address their problems?
The 4IR technologies are still in developing stage, thus giving us time to
address the issue of machines substituting the humans from their jobs and
creating chaos by increasing unemployment. As robotics, Artificial Intelligence
are still developing not are not is stable conditions, we would make educational
system to make students aware of such technologies. Education system is the most
important are to mitigate the future possibilities of robots taking jobs of
Thus courses which will properly explains the working of these new
4IR technologies. With new courses in the Education system and upgraded studies
would help Individuals to fulfil the skills needed to be employed as operators
of these new technologies. For existing employees, training programs can be
introduced to help them understand the basics of these new unstable
technologies. This will potentially develop skills required for such new
technologies in the youth and the risk of unemployment could be easily
What needs to change for this to happen?
To cope up with the new technological advancements, new legal and regulatory
changes is necessary for addressing the issues related to employment law.
Ministry of Human Resource and Emiratization has to rebuild Labour Laws and
government has to strengthen their policies to protect the interest of
Individuals in Private sector. But this all can be happen only if skill of these
individuals are enhanced and develop to cope up with the appropriate 4IR
Thus, working hours must be define again so that discrimination
between human and machine could not be made. Similarly Ministry have to made
laws like minimum Human employment in any business to ensure that for profit
earning motive capitalist would not substitute Machines from Humans in the
Workforce. Provisions related to retrenchment are to be reframed along with the
framing of new enactments related to code of ethics in workplace.
What is your vision for an application of 4IR in your organization?
Application of these new technologies would promise some great benefits for
progress and development of the country but, interest of individuals also need
to be protected. In my opinion these new technologies must be used for the
benefit and enhancement of every person's living standard, not to create a wide
gap between capitalist, or can say richer section of society and the working
This new technologies implemented without proper laws would possibly
affects interest of individuals. 4 Industrial Revolutions must be implemented
with proper legal framework, giving room for new innovative ideas of individuals
and respect for their work. Similarly, the operation of these technologies must
be done by Humans to ensure protection from a situation where acts of machines
results into misconduct as any person could reprogram it for fulfilling his
malicious intention, hence minimum Human involvement would possibly reduce the
chances of failure in working of these new 4IR technologies.
Is it in line with the overall UAE strategy and the strategic sectors of
Indeed, ministry of human resource and Emiratization is empowered to make laws
related to labor laws. They are the regulatory authority to maintain a good
employer – employee relation and protect the interest of employees. 4IR
technologies are associated with a threat that capitalist for fulfilling their
interest of profit maximization could possibly substitute their employees with
new machines. But this will only create a vulnerable situation and widen the gap
between rich and poor.
The initial ideas for change management
- Awareness and updated information regards to 4IR technologies.
- Reforming new labor laws related to working hours provisions related to
- Need of business.
- Implementing new policies and legislations.
The identified key stakeholders:
- Ministry of Human Resource and Emiratization: this is the key stakeholder as
they have the sole responsibility to rebuild legal regulations which are best
suitable for 4IR technologies and must also ensure employment in every areas in
- Government is also an important stakeholder as new strategies and
policies are to be developed by them so that proper implementation of laws
and regulation developed by Ministry of Human Resource and Emiratization.
- Universities must also be taken as a stakeholder as new educational
schemes are to be implemented by them. Universities are the place where
special skills for 4IR technologies are to be developed.
- Businessmen (employers) are other key stakeholder which are expected to
collaborate with the new technologies and made some training program to make
their current employees updated with the new 4IR technologies.
- UAE has established the UAE Council for the Fourth Industrial Revolution,
the Emirates Scientist Council, and the Fourth Industrial Revolution Protocol in
collaboration with the World Economic Forum (WEF) in 2017. This is the wholly
new established organization build only to address the issue related to
protection of individuals interest in the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
- Individuals and especially students are the most important stakeholder
as it is up to them to develop skills for these 4IR technologies like
robotics and artificial intelligence.
A view on your organizational readiness and planning
At the present time, Ministry is not working on any new draft to be framed
regarding these technologies. A little bit has been started in academic schemes
for students so that their skills are developed for the new 4IR technologies.
This was a challenge we are going to face need to be address head on, as new
technologies and laws of our nation must go hand in hand for our rapid progress
and continued development.
Thus a new proposal by the Ministry has been
introduced, and key proposals targets for 50 % of Emirati workforce to be
employed in private sector. In furtherance of this government has selected 400
Professions in around 2,000 private companies that will give priority to
Emiratis for jobs.
But there are many more challenges need to be address for mitigating future
chaos, for which planning can be done. But most importantly Ministry has to use
these 4IR technologies to form better understanding of new technologies and must
also recruit some officials having special skills related to these technologies.
Similarly Ministry has to collaborate with UAE Emirates Scientist Council, and
the Fourth Industrial Revolution Protocol in collaboration with the World
Economic Forum (WEF) in 2017.
The three main pillars of this protocol are
related with establishing the robust, integrated and secured data environment
for formulation of new policies and legislation for 4IR. Some of the duties must
be performed by this department which includes collaboration with other
stakeholders as well as some on ministries own part. These duties includes;
skills development, drafting new regulations and some research work for planning
for protection of interest of Individuals.
||Clear vision and New Legislature
|Development of skills related to
technologies of 4IR like robots and their working. Possible situations
of failure of these machines to address its solution
||Robotics can possible substitute's Human
involvement from workforce. Thus new legal framework related to minimum
Human employment and hiring and firing policies have to be made for
protection of Individuals interest.
||Meeting and implementing the proposed
changes, so that individual's interest could be protected.
|Research on matters related to employment of
individuals. Planning to mitigate the possible situations where employer
can abuse his position and fire employees
||Skills development in students by changing
the educational system and applying new academic scheme related with
Artificial Intelligence would create future jobs and also training for
existing employees would at least made them updated with the basics of
||Ministry of Human Resource and Emiratization
have to collaborate with other agencies so that all the possible areas
of implementing new policies can be done. Other agencies are also
working on research and planning to address all new upcoming
technologies to be implemented for the benefit of humankind
Written By: Rajat Kaushik,
||Meeting with government officials, presenting the
proposed draft of new legal framework related to employment law.
Approval to implement new 4IR technologies in some public and private
sector results in creation of new jobs
||Government officials, Ministry of Human Resource and
||Research and development in new areas where 4IR
technologies can be used to increase the employment ratio.
||Ministry of Human Resource and Emiratization.
||Collaboration of all stakeholder and implementing the
decisions in making these 4IR technologies applicable in as many as
organizations so that unemployment ratio especially in youth can be
||Ministry along with all stakeholders
||Sanctions from the Government to apply decisions of the
team of all stakeholders. As a bases of experiment 4IR technologies must
be applied in some companies to trace down the results.
||Companies, all the concerned Ministries and stakeholders
||Tacking down the progress of new technologies and
policies whether they are effective enough or not
||Ministry of human Resource and Emiratization
||With start of education session implementation of new
academic schemes for development of their skills for future jobs
||Education System and Ministers.
||Meeting on discussion for the update of policies and
technologies implemented in some of the companies.
||UAE Emirates Scientist Council
||Modification of policies and developing new strategies
so that 4IR technologies can be implemented properly
||Testing the new progress of modifications being made.
||Examination of results of the applied technologies in
some companies and the strategic policies.
||Ministers and all the stakeholders
||Deciding next steps on the basis of results
IVTH YEAR—VIITH Semester - 2017-22 - School Of Law,
Raffles University Neemrana