At the time of British rule in India the dispute between Hindu and Muslim got
started in 1528, when Babri Masjid was made by Mir Baqi who was the general of
Babar and local people said that the Masjid was made after demolishing the Ram
The first conflict was started in 1853 and Hindu and Muslim both were fighting
for their places as Hindus believed that mandir was there and Muslim believe
that masjid was there as in order to resolve the dispute Britishers ordered to
separate the places for both Hindus and Muslims and decided that inner portion
of the area will be used by Muslims for namaz, outer part of the area will be
used by Hindus for puja.
Later on in 1885,Mahant Raghubar Das for the very first time took the matter in
front of the court and demanded to do some construction of the roof on the outer
part of the area which was given to Hindus where they used to do puja.
On 23 December, 1949 Lord Ram idol was found and placed inside the disputing
As idol of Lord Ram was found so Hindus started claiming that this place is of
Hindu and mandir was there before the construction of masjid,the Hindu and
Muslim riot got started and due to this feud government banned that area.
In order to remove the ban and gain possession on the land many cases were
filled in the court as:
At that time Congress government was there in centre and they made one
proposal and decided to devide the disputing area into:
- 1950, Mahant Raghubar Das filled as case for right to pooja for Hindus.
- 1959, Nirmohi Akhara group filled a case for full area in Hindus
- 1961, Sunni waqf board demanded for whole possession of Babri Masjid and
claimed that area is of Muslim and idol of Lord Ram was placed inside it
illegally by Hindus.
- Along with the court cases many committees were formed outside the court
as Vishwa Hindu Parishad Committee and Babri Masjid Committee.
- In 1986 Faizabad court decided and allowed Hindus to do pooja inside the
area then Muslims demanded their possession in the area but government
wanted to resolve the matter outside the court because if decision done by
the court then one party will lose and riot will held between Hindu and
- 1990 Now the situation has become very critical and Lal krishna Advani
started the Yath, Yatra from Somnath (Gujarat) to Ayodhya (UP) and riot
increased and due to this Advani got arrested in Bihar. At that time Kalyan
Singh government was there and they took control over the whole disputed
- 6 December 1992 Thousands of Kar Sevaks went there and demolished the
Babri Masjid and made Ram Mandir.
- After that riot spread in whole India and due to this Liberhan
Committee was appointed in order to do enquiry on the matter.
But this proposal of dividing the area was not accepted by the people.
In 2002 BJP(Bharatiya Janata party) came into centre with Prime Minister Atal
Bihari Bajpayi and he made Ayodhya Vibag with objective to resolve the issue
considering both Hindus and Muslims and to settle the dispute outside the court.
In April 2002 Allahabad High Court created 3 judge bench and they ordered ASI(
Archaeological Survey of India) to investigate into the matter and submit the
report of it.
As per Archaeological Survey of India report in 12th century the Mandir was
there on that land and in 15th century Masjid was made and in between that times
period no evidence is there and local people were saying that Masjid was made
after demolishing the temple.
Allahabad High Court gave their decision on 30 september 2010 and as per that
- Ram Mandir part was alloted to Ram Lala Virajman.
- Sita Rasoi, Ram Chabootra part was alloted to Nirmohi Akhara.
- Remaining part was given to Sunni Waqf Board.
On 9th May 2011 Supreme Court intervenes and put hold into the decision of
the Allahabad High Court.
February 2016 Subramanyam Swami filled the case in Supreme Court and asked for
final decision of the court then on March 2017 SC chief justice KS Kehar was
asked to resolve the dispute between Hindus and Muslims outside the court. And
around 32 appeals have reached to Supreme Court against the decision of the
Allahabad High Court.
Supreme Court composed a bench of 5 judges:
- Justice Ranjan Gogni
- Justice Sharad Arvind Bobde
- Justice DY Chandrachud
- Justice S Abdul Nazeer
- Justice Ashok Bhushan
After that Supreme Court of India has reserved its judgment and said the
parties to submit the Molding of relief.
Nirmohi Akhara was represented by Sushil Kumar Jain and they were demanding for
inner possession of the land form the court.
Suni Waqf Board was represented by Rajeev Dhawan and demanded for inner and
outer portion of that land.
Ram Lala Virajman was represented by CS Vaidayanathan and they were demanding
for the whole area for Ram Mandir.
9 November 2019 Finally decision taken by the Supreme Court on the land and it
was India�s second longest running case with the hearing of 40 days.
Supreme Court said that the ownership of that disputed land between Hindus and
Muslims from past many decades cannot be decided on the basis of local people
opinion or what they are saying or only on the report submitted by
ASI(Archaeological Survey of India) but the decision the matter will be based on
the evidence and it clearly shows that Masjid was there and Hindus were also
allowed to do pooja there.
As Allahabad High court given decision and distributed that land into 3 parts
was unsustainable and it was not even demanded by the parties.
So the outer space in which Hindus used to do pooja so there control was present
at that time and before 23December1949 Muslims used to do namaz, it means they
are doing for past 400 years so even they have full right to do so depriving
them right to worship.
In the end Supreme Court decided to do partition of the land between Hindus and
Muslims as 2.77 Acre land was allotted to Ram Lala Virajaman and 5 Acre land to
Suni Waqf Board. Now Hindus can make Mandir and Muslims can make Masjid in the