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Central Bureau Of Investigation - A Caged Parrot: An Analytical Comparison with the United States Of America's Federal Bureau Of Investigation

The Central Bureau Of Investigation - India

The Central Bureau Of Investigation (CBI) is the chief investigation agency of India established in the year 1963. The CBI traces its origin to the Special Police Establishment (SPE) which was set up by the Government of India is the year 1941. The top investigation agency was founded by Shri.DP Kohli who held office from 1st April, 1963 to 31st May, 1968. The CBI is reputedly known for impartiality and competence
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The CBI is a specialized agency handling crime investigation work at a very high level compared to other bodies in the country, having several divisions. The CBI is well known in investigating economic crimes, special crimes and cases of corruption and has played a predominant role in curbing corruption throughout the country. The headquarters of the CBI is located in Delhi.

Being an extra - constitutional non - statutory body, The CBI is required to get prior approval from the Central Government before conducting any investigation into an offence committed by officers of the rank of Joint Secretary and above in the Central government and its authorities as Section 6A Of The Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, grants protection to joint secretaries and above officers as it is considered violative of Article 14 of The Indian Constitution. The Gauhati High Court judgement confirmed the status of CBI, holding that CBI does not hold legal status.

The CBI has been in limelight in recent years. Over the past few years, The CBI has got into various controversies which has attracted criticisms towards their work and now have been referred as A Caged Parrot speaking in its masters voice.

The Federal Bureau Of Investigation - United States Of America

The FBI, or The Federal Bureau Of Investigation, is the investigative arm of the US Department of Justice and the nation's primary investigation agency. It is the security service of the United States. The FBI originated from a force of Special Agents in the year 1908. Being the principal investigative agency of the federal government of The United States, The Bureau is responsible for conducting investigations. Although it is a federal agency, the FBI is not a national police force, and law enforcement in the United States remains principally the responsibility of state and local governments.


The mission of the FBI is to protect and defend the United States against terrorist and foreign intelligence threats, to uphold and enforce the criminal laws of the United States, and to provide leadership and criminal justice services to federal, state, municipal, and international agencies and partners; and to perform these responsibilities in a manner that is responsive to the needs of the public and is faithful to the Constitution of the United States.

Comparison Between India's Central Bureau Of Investigation & The Federal Bureau Of Investigation, United States

While both the organizations, The Central Bureau Of Investigation and the Federal Bureau Of Investigation are formed to tackle corruption and crime, They were set up for two different purposes.

The FBI was initially set up to go after communism, while the CBI was meant to tackle corruption. the FBI has legal authority for wire trapping and monitoring of internet activity. The FBI was then armed with greater authority by virtue of Intelligence Authorization Act 2004, which gave it unprecedented power to secure information from financial institutions without authority from the court. But giving the CBI such authority may not be desirable in our scenario.

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