Education is the passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to those who
prepare for it today. The development of any nation could be simply recognized
and measured by how much upgraded its education system is. Upgraded education
system means it includes quality of education provided, knowledge delivered
along with vocational skills.
As, we don't educate ourselves to make life,
instead life is meant to be educated. Education is powerful tool by which
economically and socially marginalized adults and children can lift themselves
out of poverty and fulfil themselves as a responsible citizen.
Education In India
India is considered as Home of youngsters with 90% of world's children
means, India is leading flag with most of the youth population residing in it.
This statically figures could be used as a strong tool in making the nation
economically, socially and financially stronger. But, at the same time, there is
one statistical figure which highlights that India has one third of illiterate
persons in the world. These are parallel statistics and are cross-countering
If we need to use the statistics of young population as a weapon, we
need to reduce the figure of illiterate person. It is not the literacy rate is
not increasing but from past few decades is not increasing with expected rates.
Constitutional Right To Education
It is not that the government hasn't added their required potential and hard
work. The Right to Free and Compulsory Education proposed by Indian government
has made education as Fundamental Right. The 86th amendment led to addition of
Article 21-A which states a fundamental right to access free and compulsory
education to all the children from age 6 to 14 years. Not only in India, but
globally education has been given a tag of 'Human Rights'
The human right is
placed above all the rights and hence it proves that right to education comes
above all the rights. In fact educational right is a right which forms base for
all other kinds of rights including human rights.
There is growing number of human rights problems, which can't be unlocked unless
right to education isn't been proposed. The right to education is clearly stated
in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR, 1948), social
and cultural rights (1966), convention against discrimination education (1960),
etc. Therefore, right to education has also been identified and recognized by
these eminent international treaties. This treaty not only emphasizes the
educational rights but also tries to eliminate discrimination pertaining at all
the levels of education.
Statistics And Analysis
Out of 313 million illiterate people in India; 59% of them are woman. Above 3
decades ago, the adult male literacy rate in India was almost double from that
of adult females. There are currently 186 million females in India who can nit
even read simple and clear sentence in any of the language. According to the
statistical data provided in the country, there is 3.7% of gender gap in
literacy level of youth population, which is almost one fifth of the overall
gender gap for India.
But this statistics have now far more improved. India is emerging as a
successful nation in the field of educational sector. India in 2019 is far more
literate than India in 1989. The implication of midday meal scheme (1995), Sarva
Shiksha Abhiyan (2001) has contributed positively towards achieving
literacy. The main goal and objective of these schemes is to help and improve
the effectiveness of primary education by improving the nutritional status of
primary school children.
The Human Resource Ministry survey reveals that
the mid-day meal scheme has achieved a big success. The draft report suggested
that 92 percent children started going to government schools and are benefiting
from mid-day meal while 80 percent of the parents surveyed agreed that
the scheme has improved attendance. According to latest available data, child
and youth literacy in India stands at 93 and 94% respectively. If India could
catch such momentum, then the country won't be far in achieving complete
literacy for children and youth by 2030.
Talking about gender gap in educational field, programs such as National Program
of Education for Girls at elementary level, 2003 (NPGEL), Beti Bachao, Beti
Padhao has played a vital role in lifting female literacy up. These governmental
skills have looked and worked onto the hurdles that were associated in educating
In the case of Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Education vs. K.
, Right to Education was given a fundamental right at the secondary
In J. P. Unnikrishnan vs. State of Andhra Pradesh
, a constitution bench
stated that education up to the age of 14 years to be directed as a fundamental
right. It would be therefore rested upon the state to provide facilities and
opportunities as under article 39(E & F) of the constitution and to prevent
exploitation of their childhood due to poverty and child labour.
In the case of Avinash Mehrotra v Union of India
, the Supreme Court of India
directed right to education to also include the right to the provision of a safe
and healthy environment in schools, and imposed a responsibility on schools to
comply with certain fire safety precautions which were detailed stated in the
India is on the path to achieve universal literacy for youth population by 2030.
The factors which the government and nation should consider while achieving
literacy by providing quality of education, digital literacy and skilling. The
country must ensure that the younger generation is able to gained plethora of
opportunities from digitalisation with minimum or no post suffering. Every
generation looks up to the nest generation that they will tomorrow frame a
better nation than today. Therefore education being a weapon for future
generation should be given at most priority.
- 1991 SCALE (1)187
- 1993 AIR 2178, 1993 SCR (1) 594
- Writ Petition (Civil) No.483 OF 2004