Even if there might be some contradictions with respect to language known by the
victim, in that case also, it cannot be said to be the major contradictions to
disbelieve the entire medical evidence on the mental status of
the victim. They are not to be exploited; Supreme Court held in Chaman Lal v.
The State of Himachal Pradesh
(Cr. Appeal No. 1229 of 2017)
The father of the prosecutrix lodged an FIR against the accused with the
allegations that on 1.4.2008, his wife Dhaneshwari Devi telephonically
informed him at Shimla that their daughter (prosecutrix) is pregnant. It was
alleged that the prosecutrix told her mother that when she used to go to jungle
to graze goats and cattle, accused also used to go to jungle to graze cattle and
The prosecutrix told her mother that three four months ago, accused had
sexual intercourse with her forcibly and without her consent. The
accused threatened the prosecutrix not to disclose the incident to anyone.
Due to fear and due to forgetting the same and further due to mental weakness,
she did not disclose about the incident to anyone including her mother. The
prosecutrix was got medically examined and as per the Medical Officer the
prosecutrix was carrying a pregnancy of 31 weeks.
Her age was stated to be
19years. Prosecutrix was alleged to be mentally retarded. She was medically
examined at IGMC, Shimla as well as PGI, Chandigarh Prosecutrix gave birth to a
female child on 19.6.2008 at KNH, Shimla. Blood samples of the prosecutrix,
the baby and the accused were taken for DNA test.
As per report, accused was
the biological father of the female child. The accused was arrested. After
completion of the investigation, the Investigating Officer submitted
the charge-sheet against the accused for the offences under Sections 376 and
506 IPC. The accused pleaded not guilty and therefore he came to be tried by
the learned trial Court for the aforesaid offences.
Feeling aggrieved and dissatisfied with the judgment and order of acquittal
passed by the learned trial Court, the State preferred appeal before the High
Court and by the impugned judgment and order and on re-appreciation of the
entire evidence on record, more particularly the medical evidence, the High
Court has reversed the order of acquittal and has convicted the accused for the
offences under Sections 376 and 506 IPC by observing that the prosecutrix was
not in a position to understand the good and bad aspect of the sexual assault.
On re-appreciation of the entire evidence on record the High Court came to the
conclusion that the IQ of the prosecutrix was 62 and that she had mild mental
Feeling aggrieved and dissatisfied with the impugned judgment and order of
conviction and sentence passed by the High Court convicting the accused for the
aforesaid offences, the original accused has preferred the present appeal in the
The court was of the opinion, that:
Having gone through the Impugned judgment
and order passed by the High Court and also the judgment and order of acquittal
passed by the learned trial Court, we are of the firm opinion that in the facts
and circumstances of the case the High Court is justified and as such has not
committed any error in reversing the order of acquittal passed by the learned
trial Court and convicting the accused for the offence under Section 376 and 506 IPC
Being the first appellate Court and as observed hereinabove in the aforesaid
decisions the High Court wan Justified in appreciating the entire evidence on
record and the reasoning given by the learned trial Court. In the facts and
circumstances of the case, the High Court has acted within the parameters of the
law and down by this Court in the decision referred to hereinabove.
Merely because the victim was in a position to do some household works cannot
discard the medical evidence that the victim had mild mental retardation and she
was not in a position to understand the good and bad aspect of sexual assault.
It appears that the accused had taken disadvantage of the mental illness of the
victim. It is required to be appreciated coupled with the fact that the accused
is found to be the biological father of the baby child delivered by the victim.
Despite the above, in his 313 statement the case of the accused was of a total
denial. It was never the case of the accused that It was a case of consent.
In the present case, the accused has exploited the victim by taking disadvantage
of her mental sickness/illness. Therefore, no interference of the Supreme Court
against the impugned judgment and order passed by the High Court convicting the
accused is called for. And thus, the appeal was dismissed.
Written By: Prime Legal Law Firm
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