What is Article 370?
The Article 370 came into effect in 1949 according to which the state of Jammu
and Kashmir enjoyed a special status until 5th August 2019. In simple terms, the
people of J&K lived under separate laws and enjoyed autonomy in all areas except
defence, foreign affairs, finance and communication.
Further in 1957, Article 35A was inserted though the Constitution (Application
to Jammu and Kashmir) Order by the then President of India, Rajendra Prasad.
According to which no outsider was allowed to own property or get a state job in
Revocation of Article 370
On 5 August 2019, the Government of India revoked the special status, or limited
autonomy, granted under Article 370 of the Indian Constitution to Jammu and
Kashmir—a region administered by India as a state which consists of the larger
part of Kashmir which has been the subject of dispute among India, Pakistan, and
China since 1947.
The current Government believes to have corrected the
historical blunder. It urges it was necessary to scrap Article 370 to integrate
Kashmir with the rest of the country. The government aims to restore peace, curb
corruption and enable growth in the Valley with this step. But only time will
tell the implications of this decision.
Advantages of Revocation Article 370
- Finally, it is One Nation One Constitution. This will instil the feeling
of unity among all citizens of India.
- It will open doors for private sectors to invest in J&K. This will boost
the economy of the state.
- There will be the scope of other job opportunities now apart from
- The centre will be able to provide better medical facilities to citizens
of J&K now.
- Appropriate measures to control corruption can be taken now by the
- Authorities are in a better position to curb terrorism now.
Disadvantages of Revocation Article 370
- Kashmiri citizens will no longer have dual citizenship, which is not
going down very well with many locals.
- How the article 370 was revoked has strained the already delicate
relations of India with Pakistan.
- There were several presidential orders issues under Article 370.
Repealing it just like that will create practical difficulties and political
- Overall it has instilled fear among a section of citizens about
security. Many dread that the way Article 370 was revoked, the government
might take similar actions in other states and people will have no say. It
is a threat to our democracy.
- Certain sections of the society have started threatening that they can
now marry Kashmiri girls since they can now marry outside of J&K state
without losing their citizenship. This is sexist and is a threat to the
safety of women in Kashmir.
Indian government has recently revoked the special status that was given to
Jammu and Kashmir and made them into two Union territories. This may turn into
both good and bad. This is one of the good and brave move to resolve the land
dispute between India and Pakistan. At the same time this is one of the bad move
when everyone across the country are fearing about Hindu extremism.
Some consider that this move of revoking Article 375 may backfire at any
movement.Award Winning Article Is Written By: Mr.Mohit Garg
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