Unemployment and Poverty, Hallows to the Nation
Unemployment and Poverty,
Hallows to the Nation
Seventy-Three years of Independence, seventeen national elections, numerous
parties, plenty of governments, yet, the scar on the very face of the country
exists and is showing the signs of not leaving very early. Undoubtedly, the
constitution has given the supreme power to the people/citizen of India. When
the time to cast this authority, the people vote for their leaders. Governments
rise and fall, but every time, the issue of unemployment and poverty resulted by
it remains unaddressed.
The media, the parties and the propaganda machines start
creating the stage for The world famous Commune – Religious circus Riots and
otherwise violence becomes common. The name of religion, the rich gets
richer…and the poor becomes poorer. It is saddening to see such issues of
national interests being used merely as flexes for votes. An aura is created in
the digital as well as the print media assuring the unemployed youth and the
poor hawker, that everything is okay in the country while it’s not.
Unemployment and Poverty go hand in hand and are causes and effects of each
other. Saying that the government is responsible for the status of poverty will
be vague and idiotic. Government only had its hands red in not addressing it and
making the situation worse.
The decline of India economy and degradation of per capita income had already
started when the British established the rule in the country. According to
economist Angus Maddison, India’s GDP in 1820 was 16% of the world total, which
reduced to 12% in 1870 and steeped down to merely 4% in 1947.William Digby
estimated that £ 900 million was taken out from India during 1870-1900. The EIC
poppy business exploited truly the peasants and the businessmen at a scale of
more than 2million people. The taxation increased from 27% to 54% As mentioned
above, 900 million pounds were taken out of India in 30years while only
400million pounds were invested in 20 years.
The employment and workability was
systematically destroyed as the cotton farms were monopolized, wheat and other
staples were destroyed to force opium plantation, Lands were left after indigo
plantations. The Golden Bird and its fortunate citizens were reduced to nothing
in 250years of British Raj.
The idea on independent government was setting on a
throne of thrones, yet the employment was generated life started becoming less
miserable, about 414million people were uplifted from below poverty line. Firms,
Industries and companies Like Tata come into the scene and helped making the
Indian wheels of progress pace up. But the utopia could not be achieved.
role of cruel British administrator shifted to new, independent governance full
of corruption and lack of experience. No matter law fine the planning and
funding be to eradicate. Poverty and unemployment, the mobility to implement the
corruption and most importantly, the ever growing population together blocked
the Indian paths to provide citizens with employment, livelihood and dignity.
This problem didn't stood still but amplified and is seen even today.
population rose from about 361 million to an 1943 to 1.36 billion in 2020, and
keeping the availability of resources same and even less than before, the issues
of unemployment, lack of opportunities and poverty have in their true sense,
became the hallows to the nation. Schemes like MNREGA, PMGAY - NEBS PMAY. etc.
which were i formulated for poverty alleviation, due to corruption have become
useless. The school colleges and universities are empty, students are there who
wish to study, the labours are there to build the schools, the unemployed
teachers are ready for the vacancies. But, even the supply and demand both are
present, their combination has not been fulfilled yet.
The foreign investments
have been burdened by heavy tariffs and duties. The very recent poor planning of
government to tackle unemployment could be seen to the past corona- lockdown
period. Few or most of the world's biggest companies were shifting their
production lines, R&D labs and service centres from China including Apple,
Samsung Toshiba, LG, Panasonic, Honda, Quall com, etc. India should have had
worked at luring and encouraging these grants to invest in the nation which
would have generated over a million plus direct jobs and millions the several
years. But due to lack of proper will and planning of government only 3 out of
56 companies that left china came to India.
The relation (which is direct) on
between the issues of unemployment and poverty too can be exampled by the post
lockdown scenario. More than 5 million jobs were lost during April-July and 19
million people had to work on reduced salaries. When later, the economy fell and
GDP dipped to – 24% another 16million livelihoods were lost. This was
catastrophe at all levels for India and its citizens.
The per capita income
decreased, the standard of living decreased, and people were pushed below
poverty live. About 80 % of households had experienced dropped income and 12
million new posts were added in which clearly suggests that unemployment
directly results to poverty and hampers the nation’s progress . In return, this
increased poverty has restricted people to invest, buy goods and other services
which has resulted on the decline of demand due to which again, jobs are being
lost. Thus, this vicious cycle is tearing apart the base of the livelihood and
economy and very base of India.
Talking about unemployment, it is not as easy to identify and study the trends
of unemployment in a country like ours having 1.36 billion population. The
situation is made worse by various typical type of unemployment, which have to
be evaluated separately. Unemployment is of various kinds, such as Structural/
Permanent unemployment, cycled unemployment are seasonal unemployment.
Structural unemployment is caused due to the advancement in the technology. The
replacement of human labour introducing robots and machines, on one hand , have
increased the speed of production and also the uniformity among products, but
have led to the loss of millions of jobs people in past years.
Cyclic Unemployment is another picture in which the availability of job is not
stable and is affected by either seasons 0r demand- supply balance. Agriculture
farmers undergo cyclic specified as Seasonal Unemployment. Temporary employment
in the field of oil and petroleum is widely affected by the supply and demand
The unemployment which is not scene from above, yet exists is what we call as
Disguised Unemployment. Sectors such as agriculture, cottage industries, etc.
usually have labours more that required working the fields, this, in turn,
increases the supply of labour thereby decreasing the wages significantly.
woman named Anushka owns a small land and her son Ritesh, his sister Astha and 2
other family members all work on that small farm, which can be cultivated by 2
workers only. Here, Ritesh, Astha and other members are but they are not
employed. This unemployment is disguised unemployment. All the types of
unemployment necessarily result to poverty to one or for community.
Talking about poverty, there is no as such type of the the situation where the
sufferer faces excessive scarcity of resources and livelihood is termed as
poverty. Unlike unemployed people are Classified into economic groups so as to
make schemes, programs and strategies accordingly with which, the benefits will
reach to the needy ones. The economic groups are as follows -- Above Poverty
Line (APL), Below Poverty Line(BPL) & Antayodaya (Poorest of the Poor).
impact of unemployment and poverty is also variable and depends factors in the
same economic groups. Discrimination on the basis of gender providing job
opportunities and employment always leads to the poor conditions and lower wages
for women. It is also evident in some of the cases where the women are them men
for the same job.
Moreover, the already low female percentage who are literate
enough for a job again faces insecurities, improper work environment and Lower
wages. The miserable condition of women is also reflected by the date of the
population below poverty. The women don’t work , or study, or learn exercise
skills and eventually because poorest of poor and vulnerable to misery. The
domestic violence, family pressure more offspring etc. add burden to the already
weakened shoulders which ultimately collapse. This impact of unemployment also
seen changing trends on communal basis.
Even though the caste system and
discrimination on the basis of same has been banned and is now a serious carry
the economic conditions of those belonging to ‘lower’ as to are still and
terrifying. Facing the backlash of Society, they suffer discrimination which
affects their income Thus, even today, ’lower’ caste people tend to work into
the manhales as they consider it to be their destiny. The problem seems to have
now But, since independence, India has made a remarkable journey on the path of
poverty eradication and human resource utilization and has come a long way as
the poorer where the British left us.
As mentioned, more than 400million people
have been lifted for poverty, houses have been built, markets have been setup,
bank loans have been made easy and awareness among the well off citizen, of the
country to help the backwards ,all have helped it a positive sense. The growth
of the individual is evident in terms of his/her economy and the lives are and
better Special Poverty Allevation Programs such as JGSY, PMGAY, JRDP, NFBS, PMRY
have been the tools to fight and defeat poverty. The programmes have reduced
remote corners of the nation helping the ones who needed. Various employment
programmes have been set. it up.
The skill India Project, Make in India, and
various other Rojgar Schemes have helped is to tap the true potential of the
youth and human resources. Various new start ups established and the nation is
are being to shift from job, seekers to job providers. World class
transportation and infrastructure have been developed which has attracted
foreign investment opportunities. Simultaneously, world class institutions,
research facilities and R&D centres have also been developed to make India's
youth skilled and educated and capable of doing any job. We, as a nation, have
traveled a Society face of poverty and unemployment. But the job still remains
to be done.
With a hope that we, the people of India might achieve this national goal in
upcoming decades, I conclude myself thanking Mother India and with a promise to
go further, whatever it takes.
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