Climate change is the current rapid warming of earth’s climate caused by human activity. This is an expression that may be used in place of global warming in some cases but the difference between them is quite notable. When we want to describe climate change, we will be required to touch on the elements that bring about changes such as rainfall, humidity, weather events, temperature etc.
According to NASA, 1“Climate is the usual weather of a place. Climate can be
different for different seasons. A place might be mostly warm and dry in the
summer. The same place may be cool and wet in the winter. Different places can
have different climates”.
This is a term used to describe the warming which occurs on earth in general.
When the average temperature of the planet is exceeded by a very large
percentage, this is what normally constitutes global warming. This is a state
that can occur naturally or due to human activities on earth. With an increase
in the activities of greenhouses on our planet, global warming has become more
prevalent because of the gases that are released as a result. Such activities
normally trap energy that is released from the sun here and prevents it from
being released into space as is required.
Climatic changes and global warming are normally caused by gases emitted from
greenhouses. These gases normally prevent radiation which is released by the sun
from leaving the earth’s atmosphere into space hence causing a rise in the
overall temperature. As a result, the climate is also altered as well. The human
activities that mostly lead to the greenhouse effects are: Burning wood, coal,
natural gas, and even coal. Even though some of the greenhouse gases are
manmade, some occur naturally and the main ones on that regard are: water vapor
and carbon dioxide.
Ozone Layer Depletion:
The ozone layer is a very thin layer that is located at the upper part of the
earth’s atmosphere and its main purposes is to absorb the sun’s radiation. When
the ozone layer is depleted, this means that more of the harmful UV
(ultra-violet) rays will penetrate the earth’s surface causing massive effects
to the growth of crops. Moreover, humans are also affected by this since the UV
rays can cause skin cancer and other numerous health problems as well.
Solutions For Controlling Climate Change:
Burning Fossil Fuel: The first challenge is eliminating the burning of
coal, oil, and eventually, natural gas. This is perhaps the most forbidding
challenge as inhabitant of richer nations literally eat, wear, works, play
and even sleep on the products made from such fossilized sunshine. And
citizen of developing nations want and arguably deserve the same comforts.
Upgrade Infrastructure: Buildings worldwide contribute around one third
of all greenhouse gas emissions (43 percent in the U.S. alone), even though
investing in thicker insulation and other cost-effective,
temperature-regulating steps can save money in the long-run. Electric grids
are at capacity or overloaded, but power demands continue to rise. And bad
roads can lower the fuel economy of even the most efficient vehicle.
Investing in new infrastructure, or radically upgrading existing highways
and transmission lines, would help cut greenhouse gas emissions and drive
economic growth in developing countries.
Consume less: The easiest way to cut back on greenhouse gas emissions is
simply to buy less stuff. Whether by forgoing an automobile or employing a
reusable grocery sack, cutting back on consumption results in fewer fossil
fuels being burned to extract, produce and ship products around the globe.
Stop cutting down trees: Every year, 33 million acres of forests are cut
down. Timber harvesting in the tropics alone contributes 1.5 billion metric
tons of carbon to the atmosphere that represents 20 percent of human-made
greenhouse gas emissions and a source that could be avoided relatively
Improved agricultural practices along with paper recycling and forest
management—balancing the amount of wood taken out with the amount of new trees
growing—could quickly eliminate this significant chunk of emissions.
2M/S Shri Hari Mines vs State Of Rajasthan
Date: 9 April, 2019
Indisputably, pursuant to the NIT issued by the State Government being
successful bidders for identified lease hold areas of mineral Bajri, LoIs were
issued in petitioners' favour under the Rules of 1986 and they were directed to
comply with the conditions specified. It is also not in dispute that for
execution of mining lease besides other conditions, the submission of EC
obtained from MoEF was a pre-requisite condition, which the petitioners failed
to obtain and the matter remained pending with MoEF.
However, pursuant to
interim order dated 25.11.13 passed by the Supreme Court in SLP No.34134/2013,
82 LoI holders, who had applied for EC, were permitted to excavate Bajri in
accordance with the notification dated 21.6.12 issued by the State Government
under Rule 65 of the Rules of 1986, till the end of February, 2014, which was
continued vide order dated 27.3.14 passed by the Supreme Court, till the matter
is heard and further order is passed.
Later, vide order dated 16.11.17, the
Supreme Court restrained all the 82 LoI holders from continuing with the mining
operation of sand and Bajri unless replenishment study is completed and the
climate change and environment clearance is granted or rejected after full and
dispassionate consideration by (54 of 66) [CW-2996/2018 MoEF. It is the common
ground between the parties that pursuant to the orders passed by the Supreme
Court as aforesaid, the petitioners, who were to be granted mining lease for
maximum period of five years with no further renewal clause, continued to
operate the mining areas for the mineral Bajri for a period of about four years.
Climate change presents a major and growing challenge to the world as a whole.
While the concerns that generates are important now, their implications are even
greater for future generations that will bear the consequences of current
actions or inaction. Strong rapid action to reduce emissions is required in
order to alter the future path of human-induced warming. Action is also needed
to begin to adapt to the warming that is already occurring and that will
The findings of this first Climate Impact Assessment provide a
scientific basis upon which decision makers can consider, craft, and implement
appropriate actions to respond to this important and far-reaching challenge.
Written by Amish Kumar. From Noida international university.