Analysis of Digitalisation and National Security
India as a whole remains untouched by the concept of a systematic national
security strategy (NSS) which evaluates various threats towards entire nationís
protection as well as outlines initiatives to address these appropriately; of
course, any such approach should be implemented inside the constraints set forth
by the Constitution of India and the nationís constitutional parliamentary
system The nation depends upon ad Ė hoc basis interventions of dubious
usefulness in the lack of a comprehensive policy.
Now what is an Adhoc approach then? Adoc approach is simply a very informal
unorganized way of solving issues at hand and determining their future utility.
It also lacks a process that allows it to improve from its encounters. Ad hocism
often ignores the larger global cultural and financial background wherein
individual incidents should be interpreted and contextualized. The contemporary
nation faces numerous and concurrent problems in a variety of realms. Global
protection canít be limited by the usage of coercion by the government to combat
internal and international dangers.
Financial and cultural disputes, for instance, may pose a risk to national
harmony as well as prosperity A knee-jerk reflex can fail to resolve such
concerns, whereas any use of oppressive force worsens instead of help alleviate
the circumstance. In India, for example, without resolving the causes of illicit
trafficking risks cannot be interacted with exclusively by improved security
capacities. Long-term use of incentives for protection reasons is known as
creating even more possibilities for cross trafficking. These illegal actions
also perpetuate prominent criminal organizations with strong political
Although such organizations pose a significant danger to national defense, the
resolution resides in the financial realm as well as the reinforcement of the
nationís legislation and justice apparatus not just on paper, but otherwise too.
These regulatory initiatives would be needed to be acknowledged by the NSS.
The distinction among what is internal and what is foreign is now becoming
progressively distorted for a contemporary nation functioning in a progressively
globalized nation, for example - Combating terrorism can necessitate not just
internal but also international involvement or Water safety concerns may
necessitate negotiating with neighboring nations with whom India connects
significant waterways and rivers. As a result, a mix of internal and
international efforts may be needed.
Such dynamic cross relationships among internal and international aspects could
only be examined and organized political reactions articulated within a
systematic NSS. We live in a technologically connected environment, where
emerging innovations just as the Web and digitalization provide effective
resources for nations to improve global defense while also introducing modern
and significant potential risks. Cyber protection is becoming a significant
issue, and a provinceís only hope of protecting itself from cyber threats is to
acquire specialized technical expertise.
The NSS can actually allow for the detection of vital issues susceptible to
cyber assaults as well as the training of human resource assets skilled for
recognizing threats, securing, ultimately recovering essential networks As
financial and governing practices are becoming more reliant on virtual
technology, detecting cyber threats and stiffening structures towards these
becomes extremely relevant.
Ad hoc solutions will be woefully insufficient. The nationís utilization of
innovative electronic technology for monitoring and information collection in a
country like India should not infringe on civiliansí privilege to
confidentiality and independence of speech There is indeed an exchange between
increased protection and the Constitution-guaranteed freedoms of inhabitants and
this should be explicitly spelled out for the nationís population, with possibly
the best alternatives proposed. National security can never be used to justify
an authoritarian system.
The NSS should address this issue right away. For example, even though we
transition into a society with numerous nuclear powers, a nuclear power order is
growing increasingly important. India will have to figure out which part it
wants to perform in the latest atomic framework. The effects of environmental
destruction and global shift on global defense are important. The disappearance
of reservoirs may have direct implications for the mobilization of military
forces at high altitude places along Indiaís mountain boundaries.
As sea levels increase due to global warming, marine stations all along the
coastline will be flooded. There could be a significant movement of people
fleeing low-lying coastline regions to open elevations, causing cultural and
financial disturbances and jeopardizing internal stability As a result, the NSS
should prepare for the repercussions, all of them and even more.
There is a necessity for a Comprehensive National Security Strategy to
address environmental deterioration and global warming, as well as to develop
mitigation strategies. Strategic communications is yet another
often-overlooked aspect of Indiaís global defense which must be included in the
NSS. It refers to the critical necessity to form community attitudes via
continuous and effective community engagement and to establish a forum for
popular view or input, especially in a democratic government. This will allow
the administration to clarify its legislation, gain community awareness and
encouragement and update and change laws in response to citizen input. Itíll
also necessitate robust as well as sophisticated cyberinfrastructure which may
need to be enhanced on a regular basis to stay at pace with fast technological
An NSS of India must take a holistic strategy involving internal and foreign
financial and environmental problems, illustrating inter-linkages as well as
input processes between these, and developing a cohesive blueprint of
multi-disciplinary including multi-sectoral approaches focused on another
foundation. A framework like this Ė that of NSS combined with digital strategies
could act as a road map for pretty much the entire strategy, meaning that action
with one sector doesnít really conflict with, or perhaps even preclude,
interference in some other. The development of such an NSS in India has to be a
top priority for the transitional administration.
Written By: Sarah Azad
Law Article in India
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