Consider that statistically speaking that you are one of those people that you
just shook hands with who will likely experience a mental illness at some point
of time in your lifetime. According to the WHO report of 2020 7.5 % of Indians
experience some psychological problem thatís a high prevalence of mental illness
yet why is it something were still afraid to talk about?
We can talk about other diseases like cancer, heart disease, and other
illnesses, and while all these are important. We often forget or donít realize
that mental illness is among the number one causes of disability in our country.
Depression is the number one cause of disability worldwide, because of which
suicide rates continue to climb among adults, adolescents, and even children.
Consistently we see the deficiency of celebrates and unmistakable figures to do
self-destruction however, we actually need more fortitude to discuss
psychological maladjustment. Indeed, even liberal judgment is a characteristic
piece of our human condition. In any case, when that judgment increases rapidly
to unfairness, bias unkindness even it turns into a favorable place for shame.
Stigma is known as a market shame because of generalizations and misconceptions.
In our day-to-day life psychological sickness is criticized more than some other
ailment or condition. We can see the instances of disgrace each and every day
and we probably won't understand what stigma seems like. Peruse the news, scroll
web-based media catch the discussion in the city or at work you will undoubtedly
hear an illustration of disgrace and those people who face the barrier to get
the assistance that they need it and it makes a greater weight of untreated
psychological maladjustment for our general public.
There are many factors onset of mental illness maybe it biological,
environmental, social, genetic stress, trauma we still donít quite understand
the interplay of all of these in our brains as we cannot see them. Nobody
understands the pain from which these people are suffering but if they are not
able to come out of this situation then society has already framed its opinion
that those people are having weak willpower, are lazy, stupid, or have other
personality flaws but society never judge the people who have other diseases
like broken legs, cancer, etc.
Still today there is so much stigma related to mental illness.
Even today some
people miss interrupting mental illness as caught by spirits and ghosts, many
people are tying the patience with chain. Illiteracy and ignorance are the main
reason behind this. It is observed that many educated people want to stay away
from people with mental illness and some of them even feel that they may catch
mental illness if they communicate with the people who are suffering from mental
Although they are educated still, they have the wrong notion of that.
Another problem is that many people donít even seek help from the professionals
if they are facing any mental illness issues like depression, anxiety, etc
because of people having fear of being judged and labeled.
Amendment under the Mental Health Act
Under section 309 0f IPC says that:
Attempt to commit suicide Ė whoever tries to end his/her life and does any
demonstration towards the commission of such offense will be culpable with basic
detainment for the term which may stretch out to one year or with fine, or both.
Anyone who remains alive even after taking his/her life can be penalized under
section 309 IPC.
Indian government introduced the mental health care act,2017, which replaced the
mental health act of 1987.
This demonstration brought a lot of changes such as:
Under mental health care act 2017states that presumption of server stress in
case of attempt to commit suicide.
Section 115(1) Ė notwithstanding anything contained in section 309 of the IPC
any person who attempts to commit suicide shall be presumed, unless proved
otherwise, to have severe stress and shall not be tried and punishable under the
Section 115(2) Ė the appropriate government shall have a duty to provide care,
treatment, and rehabilitation to a person, having severe stress and who attempts
to commit suicide, to reduce the risk of recurrence of attempt to commit
(source: mental healthcare bare act 2007)
So here the mental health act 2017 section 115 tries to decimalize the
attempt to suicide. Here the section clearly says whoever attempts to commit
suicide are having severe stress and shall be presumed otherwise, shall not be
punished. But if in the investigation if the police are able to prove that
attempt of suicide was not due to the severe stress then section 309 of IPC is
applicable. However, it also says that the government should take proper majors
so that the risk of re attempting suicide can be reduced. People who are
suffering from certain mental illnesses commit suicide but what they need is aid
Measures to be taken:
- The mental health act 2017 got assumption of serious pressure the
instance of seek to self-destruction.
- It also provides the steps to step guard the rights of the individuals
with psychological sickness like treating them with dignity instead of tying
them with chains and explaining to them about the treatment options, etc.
- This act also brought programs to tackle the stigma related to the
- Need to recruit more mental care professionals:
There is a less rate of health care professionals in India and the situation
is even worst with regards to emotional well-being care experts. So, more
and more people should be trained to treat people with mental health.
- Gap to be filled between the rural and urban sector:
Many rural areas donít have the access to mental health care facilities as
much as urban areas, so this gap should be filled proper distributions of counsellorís and other
health care professionals are needed.
- Requirements of funding:
Indian govt spends less than 1% of GDP on
mental health care. So, more funding should be provided in this sector and
infrastructure should also be improved.
- Needs to provide counsellors in all schools, colleges, and workplaces:
Because in all sectors people are going through stress. Some have stress
related to academic pressure some have the stress of not having jobs, some are
going through other mental trauma or depression .so there is the need to hire
these mental counsellors to help them so that they can cope up with stress.
So, from the above discussion I come to the conclusion that the situations have
improved a lot in dealing with mental health issues but still, we have a long
way to go. Even though the mental health act brought many programs to roll out
mental illness still there is so much stigma associated with mental illness and
still there are many more improvements to be done. Societies needs to pay more
attention towards this and try to accept them therefore, they donít feel ignored
and so, more and more mental health programs should be conducted to educate
people on mental health and encourage them from seeking help.