The Origin Of The Pandemic:
The corona virus outbreak came to light on December 31, 2019 when China informed
the World Health Organization of a cluster of cases of pneumonia of an unknown
cause in Wuhan City in Hubei Province. Subsequently the disease spread to more
Provinces in China, and to the rest of the world. The WHO has now declared it a
pandemic. The virus has been named SARS-CoV-2 and the disease is now called
COVID-19.Coronaviruses have enveloped virions (virus particles) that measure
approximately 120 nm (1 nm = 10−9 metre) in diameter. Club-shaped glycoprotein
spikes in the envelope give the viruses a crown like, or coronal, appearance.
The nucleocapsid, made up of a protein shell known as a capsid and containing
the viral nucleic acids, is helical or tubular. The coronavirus genome consists
of a single strand of positive-sense RNA (ribonucleic acid).
Coronavirus And The Nature:
COVID-19 pandemic has made the globe to respect and preserve the nature in an
eco-friendly manner. First human trial of Covid-19 vaccine finds it is safe and
induces rapid immune response. Placentas from COVID-19 positive pregnant women
show injury indicating abnormal blood flow between mothers and babies. DNA
vaccine known as INO-4800 shows promising results in treating COVID-19 in animal
models.COVID-19 infections surpass 7 million cases worldwide and over 4,00,000
deaths. New research suggests that DNA and RNA co-existed before the emergence
of life on Earth. People with blood type ) are less likely to test Positive for
COVID-19,large study shows. Wearing facemasks in Public is needed to prevent the
second wave of COVID-19, new research shows. An anti-inflammatory drug called
dexamethasone, has been approved for the treatment of COVID-19 patients in the
Deteriorating Effect Of Coronavirus:
Coronavirus can attack insulin- producing cells in the Pancreas which triggers
type 1 Diabetes in healthy people, new research shows. COVID-19 mRNA vaccine
called BNT 16261 generates antibodies against coronavirus in healthy volunteers.
Coronavirus DNA vaccine, INO -4800 shows Positive results in Phase 1 human
trials generating neutralizing antibodies and T-cells responses. Doctors report
an increase in delirium , rare brain inflammation and stroke linked to
COVID-19.Scientists have developed a new blood test that detects Positive
COVID-19 result in 20 minutes. Moderna’s COVID-19 mRNA vaccine induced robust’
immune response. Seaweed extract outperforms Remdesivir in blocking the
Coronavirus infection in mice, proving that it could be more potent than
Vaccination- Stages And Phrases:
Novavax’s COVID-19 vaccine shows positive results in Phase 1 trial, producing
high level of antibodies without any dangerous side effects. Mouthwashes could
reduce the risk of coronavirus transmission and viral load over the short term,
new study reveals. Newly developed nasal vaccine prevents COVID-19 infection in
mice, proving that it could be more potent than intramuscular injection. Russian
COVID-19 vaccine shows signs of immune response according to a new study
Published in the medical Journal, “ The Lancet
”. Face Shields and masks with
exhalation values are not effective at preventing COVID-19 transmission, new
study shows. Oxford University resumes it’s COVID -19 vaccine trials after a
short pause due to a reported side effect in a participant.
- Chinese Vaccine – Corona Vac
- British Vaccine – AZD1222
- American Vaccine – mRNA -1273
- German Vaccine – BNT162
- Russian Vaccine – Sputnik V
- Indian Vaccine – COVAXIN
Researchers isolated the smallest biological molecule to date that completely
and Specifically neutralizes the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Fans of horror films showed
more psychological resilience during the ongoing Coronavirus pandemic, new study
shows. Trained dogs deployed at Helsinki airport can detect SARS-CoV2 with
nearly 100% accuracy. Birds in San Francisco started singing differently during
the COVID-19 lockdown ,new study reveals.
Moderna’s COVID-19 vaccine appears to work equally in Older People as it does in
younger adults, producing similar levels of virus-neutralizing antibodies,
according to a new study published in the New England Journal of medicine. A
group of genes inherited from Neanderthals may be responsible for some severe
COVID-19 cases, new research reveals. People who survive serious COVID-19 have
long-lasting immune responses against SARs-CoV(2) according to a new study led
by Harvard Medical School researchers. These antibodies protect them against
reinfection for a few months. SARS-Co V 2 can survive for up to 9 hours on
human skin and can be completely inactivated within 15 seconds by ethanol.
Emergence Of Strains Of Coronavirus:
New Strain of Coronavirus called SARS-CoV has the potential to infect humans. It
has been discovered in swine herds throughout China. People with blood type O
may have a lower risk of COVID-19 infection and reduced likelihood of severe
outcomes, study shows. After infection it takes 6 hours for SARs-CoV -2 to reach
its full infectivity and 60 hours to begin destroying lung tissues, study shows.
People with down syndrome are 10 times more likely to die from COVID-19 than
those without study finds. Testing sewage provides an early warning of COVID-19
out breaks detecting community spread 5 days before hospital admissions rise. A
tissue in the human eye, the cornea appears to be resistant to coronavirus
infection in lab experiments study shows. More than 200 cases of coronavirus
have been linked to sick minks on furfarms in Denmark , new data reveal.
Competitive Growth Of Pharmaceutical Industries:
COVID-19 vaccine developed by Pfizer and BioNTech shows 90% efficacy in
preventing Coronavirus infections, phase 3 trials show. Moderna and BioNTech
COVID-19 vaccines are around 95% effective in preventing COVID-19 infections,
according to new data. Oxford Vaccine induces strong immune responses in older
adults aged 56-59 and over 70 similar to those seen in participants aged
18-55.COVID -19 pandemic could be stopped if at least 70 % of the Public wore
face masks consistently, according to a new study. A baby was born with
Protective antibodies after mom had COVID-19 during Pregnancy.
The U.S Food and drug administration announced Pfizer Vaccine is safe and
Protective. The FDA grants emergency use authorization for Pfizer /Bio N Tech
COVID-19 vaccine. Millions of doses are scheduled to be produced in the later
period. More than 80% of COVID-19 patients at a hospital in Spain had a vitamin
D deficiency, according to recent study.
Countries Fixture Towards Vaccination:
Vitamin D intake can lower the risk of pneumonia by decreasing the amount of
inflammatory cytokines that cause a burden to your immune system. The FDA
approves Pfizer/BioNTech and moderna COVID-19 vaccines for emergency use , mass
vaccination begins in the United States. U.V –LED lights that kill Coronavirus
in seconds can be installed in air-conditioning, vacuum and water systems study
shows. Germany, France ,Spain ,Sweden ,Lebanon and Japan confirm first cases of
the new Coronavirus variant B.1.1.7 Which was first identified in the U.K
.Meanwhile a new potentially more infectious variant of the novel Coronavirus
dubbed as 501.V2 has been traced to South Africa.Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,
Italy, Germany, Denmark, Australia, Japan, Singapore, Canada and Lebanon report
their first cases of the U.K. Coronavirus variant B117a.
More than 10.3 million COVID-19 vaccine doses in 29 countries have been
administered so far.
- 4.5 million doses in China
- 3.17 million doses in the United States
- 944,539 doses in the U.K
- 800,000 in Israel
- 4,40000 doses in Russia
- 131626 doses in Germany
- 95205 doses in Canada
- 57317 doses in Bahrain
- 36300 doses in Poland
- 24998 doses in Mexico
- 23895 doses in Denmark
- 14813 doses in Italy
India approves Oxford-AstraZeneca and locally made COVID-19 Vaccines and China
approves its first domestic COVID-19 Vaccine for public use. Over 15 million
people have received the COVID-19 vaccine so far. Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine
appears to neutralize a key mutation of Coronavirus variants found in the U.K
and South Africa , new study shows. New Portable ,Ultrasensitive, Smartphone
based Saliva CRISPR test detects COVID-19 within 15 minute without the need for
More than 24 million COVID-19 doses in 41 Countries have been administered so
- 9000000 in China
- 7725000 in the United States
- 1692000 in Israel
- 1488947 in the United Kingdom
- 1020349 in the United Arab Emirates
- 800000 in Russia
- 583050 in Italy
- 532878 in Germany
- 294280 in Canada
- 277976 in Spain
- 198787 in Poland
- 130000 in Saudi Arabia
- 112427 in Denmark
- 107542 in Argentina
- 102301in Romania
- 84157 in Bahrain
- 80000 in France
- 70000 in Portugal
COVID-19 patients have distinct gut microbiome compared to people without the
disease which may influence their immune response to the Virus. The Coronavirus
needs cholesterol to invade cells from mega cells. Without its , it cannot sneak
past a cell’s protective barrier study shows. Over 94.4 million COVID-19 vaccine
doses in 62 countries have been administered so far with nearly 4.47 million
doses per day, data show.
Protective antibodies against COVID-19 pass from moms
to babies during pregnancy, new study shows. Scientists uncover a potential
anti-viral treatment for COVID -19. The drug called thapsigargin can protect
against different virus types. Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine is 91.6% effective at
preventing Symptomatic COVID-19 according to interim trail results published in
“ The Lancet”.
New tiny antibody can neutralize the Coronavirus. It could lower the chances of
severe infection and be administered through nasal spray. Double- masking with
surgical and cloth masks reduces COVID-19 exposure up to 96% according to a new
report published by the CDC. Study finds Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine 85% effective
after the first shot, providing some evidence that the Second dose could be
The U.K approves the world’s first study to infect healthy ,young
volunteers with the Coronavirus to test new treatments against COVID-19. The FDA
approves Johnson & Johnson’s single shot COVID-19 Vaccine. It’s the third
vaccine to be approved in the U.S. Over 236 million people have been vaccinated
against COVID-19 across 103 countries. The average global vaccination rate is
6.67 million shots a day.
Disposable face masks could be recycled to make roads study shows. Creating 1 km
(0.6 mi) of a 2-lane road would use up to 3 million masks. Nearly 300 million
people have been vaccinated against COVID-19 across 111 countries. The average
global vaccination rate is 7.65 million shots a day.COVID-19 vaccines can get us
to herd immunity despite the variants Harvard Immunologists say.
million people have been vaccinated against COVID -19 across 121 countries .The
average global vaccination rate is 9.14 million shots a day. Moderna begins
attesting its COVID-19 vaccine on babies and young children.6750 healthy
pediatric participants are expected to enroll in phase 2/3.The Coronavirus
outbreak came to light on December 31,2019 when China informed the World Health
Organization of a cluster of cases of Pneumonia of an unknown cause in Wuhan
city in Hubei Province. Subsequently the disease spread to more provinces in
China and to the rest of the world. The WHO has now declared it a pandemic.
The virus has been named SARS-CoV 2 and the disease is now called COVID-19.
Challenges Faced By The Legal Industries World Wide:
The globe is witnessing different Scenarios after the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Firstly, the legal sector will be increasingly dominated by technology. The
Pandemic created new needs and Challenges
- There is no Possibility to work in a Physical Space by the legal
- Addressing the influx of work sparked by broken supply chains,
frustrated Contracts, a wave of Resulting litigation.
- Increase in the use of Information technology techniques by law firms
and legal departments.
- Rushing legal Organizations to explore options.
Trending Legal Techniques in technology during the pandemic era are as follows:
All these developments in the technology provides space for the Progressive
growth of legal industry in a flexible manner in the Post-Covid world.
- Technology adoption will become the norm
- Successful Organizations will be more targeted in the usage of
- Gearing the use of technology towards what drives value for the Client
or internal Stakeholders.
- Artificial Intelligence will begin to be used for case prediction.
- Technology will enable rapid Scaling.
With COVID-19 disrupting supply chains throughout the world, enforcement of
Contracts and the applicability of force majeure Provisions were critical topics
for many clients from the start of the pandemic.
Real Estate And Constructions:
The Pandemic created severe disruptions to the Construction and real-estate
industries, with government mandates forcing halts to Projects and waivers for
Others as well as a multitude of issues related to Supply chain, employee
Safety, Construction disputes, defaults and workouts in loan documents, leases
and Other Contracts and a host of other Issues.
Consumer Financial Services:
The Pandemic has had on outsized impact on Consumer credit and the businesses
that Provide Consumer financial Services, including ever-changing rules and
regulations related to evictions and fore closures. The economic impact of the
pandemic as a whole particularly the Consumer finance sector, will continue for
the foreseeable future.
Corporate Governance, disclosure Obligations ,material adverse-effect Provisions
in transaction documents, government regulations , compliance, and government
relief Program participation were key COVID-19 related Corporate issues
throughout the Pandemic.
Cyber Security and Privacy:
Cyber Security and data Privacy challenges Presented by remote working,
increased number of cyber threats and compliance with privacy protection
throughout the Pandemic.
Energy and Environment:
Government regulatory actions assisting the essential energy sector, while also
clarifying environmental Compliance Obligations across industry sectors, were
significant areas of interest to clients during the Pandemic.
Health Care and Life Sciences:
Health case Providers and Life sciences Companies have been on the front lines
fighting the pandemic from the start. From liability immunity measures to the
expansion of telemedicine, businesses and organizations in the health care and
life sciences sector face a daunting array of legal issues.
Insurance coverage Issues and related disputes were critical to many clients.
Government Relief Programs:
Relief Programs ,protection Programs, Lending Programs and other aspects of the
Coronavirus Aid ,Relief and Economic Security Act (CARES) Act were gaining
importance in this Pandemic age.
Banking and Finance:
Financial Services providers faced a dizzying array of regulatory and
legislative requirements as a result of the COVID-19 crisis.
Bankruptcy and Restructuring:
The Pandemic caused a massive wave of financial distress to businesses large and
small, which will likely consume bankruptcy courts for years to come.
IP issues Concentrated on government measures addressing delays in patent,
trademark, Copyright applications as well as issues involving the Open COVID
pledge and Protecting IP during the Pandemic.
Labor and Employment/Employee Benefits:
Issues associated with moving to remote work and returning to work, helping
employees cope with the sudden changes brought by the pandemic and compliance
with changing government policies and guidance dominated employer’s concerns
throughout the pandemic. Issues related to Vaccines, Closing/re-opening
facilities, navigating remote working and adapted Operations,COVID-19 related
impacts on employee benefits plans and executive compensation will remain
critical concerns in 2021.
Liability limits, disputes over failed business transactions, securities fraud
and shareholder claims ,and how to hold trials, arbitrations and depositions
during a global pandemic all exemplified key issues towards the clients.
Reopening –Return to Work:
Mandatory closures also were a important topic early in the Pandemic and are
again as the Virus resurges across the country. As Vaccine distribution begins
across the Country , employers ,health care facilities ,frontline workers
,schools and others will grapple with a wide range of legal issues. COVID -19
Task force continuously update as recovery measures from the Pandemic Continues.
Advising on facility, employment benefits, and other issues continuously
changing and challenging businesses.
COVID- related tax issues include tax aspects of the CARES Act. Other government
responses to the Pandemic , tax strategies in a time of lower valuations and
White –Collar Litigations And Investigations:
Price-gouging, fraud, insider-trading, anti-trust, securities enforcement and a
host of other white-collar litigation and investigation issues increased
throughout the Pandemic. In addition to an increase in civil litigation
alleging fraud and other white –collar claims associated with the pandemic.
Criminal investigations and enforcement actions in several areas including
securities/financial fraud, antitrust, health care and life sciences
Written By: A. Jonah Elisa Shiny