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Chapter IVC of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972

Chapter IVC of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 talks about the Tiger and other Endangered Species Crime Control Bureau. This chapter has total 2 sections: Section 38Y which explains the Constitution of Tiger and other endangered Species Crime Control Bureau and Section 38Z explains the Powers and Functions of the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau.
Crime Control Bureau  [1]

First, let us understand what a Crime Control Bureau is. It is a statutory multi-disciplinary body which is established by the Government of India under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC). It is established for the purpose of taking action to reduce and bring under control the crimes relating to wild life taking place in the country. The Bureau is headquartered at Delhi.

Section 38Y

This section explains that who are the members of the Tiger and other Endangered Species Crime Control Bureau. [2]For the achievement of the purposes of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, the Central Government has the power to establish a Crime Control Bureau for Tiger and other Endangered Species.

For constituting such a Bureau, the Central Government is required to publish an order in the Official Gazette.

The Bureau consists of the following members:

  1. The Director of Wild Life (ex officio, it denotes that he/she is a member of a body, the Crime Control Bureau in this case, who holds a position
  2. The Inspector General who is an Additional Director.
  3. The Deputy Inspector General of Police who is a Joint Director.
  4. The Deputy Inspector General of Forests who is another Joint Director.
  5. The Additional Commissioner of Customs and Central Excise who is another Joint Director.
  6. Other officers can also be appointed if required as per given under Section 3 and 4 of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.
     

Section 38Z

This section explains the Powers and Functions of the Wild Life Crime Control Bureau. [3]
  • The Bureau has the power to collect information regarding the crime activities done against the wild life and has the power to distribute such collected information for the purpose of immediate action to be taken against the criminals.
     
  • The Bureau also has the power to maintain a centralized database for the purpose of storing date related to such crimes.
     
  • The Bureau has the power of coordinating the actions of the varied officers, the State Governments and any other authority that might be connected with the implementation of the provisions of this Act. Such coordination can be done either directly or by setting up of border units.
     
  • The Bureau can implement any obligations which fall under the conventions and protocols recognized at international level which are currently in force and that might be ratified, i.e., made officially valid in India at a future date.
     
  • The Bureau can aid the authorities concerned in outside countries and other international organizations for the purpose of coordinating universal action for the protection of wild life and bring the crime against wild life under control.
     
  • The Bureau has the power to aid in the development of infrastructural facilities for scientific investigations (as well as professional) into the crimes related to wild life and help the State Governments for ensuring that the prosecutions related to wild life crimes succeed.
     
  • The Bureau can provide advice to the Central Government on the issues regarding the crimes involving wild life which have a national as well as an international complication. The Bureau can also provide suggestions for any changes required in any of the policies formulated or laws.
     
  • The Bureau can exercise powers as delegated under Section 5 (1), 50 (1), 50 (8) and Section 55 of this Act.

Conclusion
Wild Life is as important as human beings. Any crime against them must be addressed properly and accordingly. The people who are found guilty of committing crimes against the wild life must be punished severely. A naturalist named Edward Pritchard Gee mentioned that in the 20th century India was home to around 40,000 tigers but after a census in 1972 it was found that there was a harsh reduction and there are about 1827 tigers only. There are varied prohibitions with respect to poaching still it takes place. More strictness is required as far as punishments regarding such crimes are concerned.

End-Notes:
  1. http://wccb.gov.in/
  2. https://www.indiacode.nic.in/showdata?actid=AC_CEN_16_18_00007_197253_1517807324579§ionId=33260§ionno=38Y&orderno=84
  3. https://indiankanoon.org/doc/161650826/

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