Domestic violence is one of the major issue of society. There are laws to protect
women from violence but they have to come forward with their problem then only
law can help them. There are many case of domestic violence in India with
different cause of violence. In normal days a common person think that he/she is
not getting enough time with their love ones and they got lockdown they feel
very lucky but on the other side of the country their is some women who got
abuse twice a week started getting abuse everyday, for these women lockdown is
the worst time of their life and they don't have access to helplines.
are some report in different NGO's that "a women ask police for help they just
reject that by saying that they got more important work to do". There is a
report issued by NCW (National Commission for Women) that during the lockdown
the domestic violence case increases by 2.5% from general days.
The term domestic violence 'DV' is used in many country to refer to the violence
occur to their domicile. The other term used for it was intimate partner
violence (IPV) but it also encompasses child or elder abuse or abuse by any
member of family.
According to a report published by World Health Organisation that about 1 in 3
(35%) of women world wide have experienced either physical or sexual intimate
partner violence or non-partner sexual violence in their lifetime.
The signs of domestic violence are not always obvious and a lot of women doesn't
report that they are being abused. even the women's own family is not always
supportive at such time because of shame and guilt that of surrounds such issue.
Domestic Violence Also Include
- Sexual Violence:
includes forced sexual intercourse and other form sexual activity
- Physical Violence:
such as slapping, hitting, kicking.
- Mental/Emotional Abuse:
such as insult, using abusive word , constant
humiliation, threats of harm, threats to take away children, give
negative intimidation again and again.
- Controlling Behaviours:
including isolating a person from family and friends
monitoring their movement and restricting their access.
National Family Survey-4 (2015-16) suggest that 30% women in India in the age
group of 15-49 have experienced domestic violence.
The major crime reported by women in India are cruelty by husband or relative,
assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty kidnapping and abduction and
rapp.In a society by United Nation in 2018 given his report that all females
murders, a over whelming 82% happen in their martial homes,and are committed by
an intimate partner or a family member.
Effect Of Lockdown
- Economic causes:
Unemployment, alcohol and drugs may also contribute to violent behaviour
Dowry related deaths and honour killings is also a reality that testifies
- Individual Factor:
Some abusers may feel this need to control their partner because of low
self-esteem, extreme jealousy, difficulties in regulating anger and other
strong emotions, or when they feel inferior to the other partner in
education and socioeconomic background.
Some people with very traditional beliefs may think they have the right to
control their partner, and that women aren't equal to men.
According to NFHS data 42% of the surveyed men think there is at least one
valid reason for wife-beating.
- Societal influence:
Some abusers learn violent behaviour from their family, people in their
community and other cultural influences as they grow up.
Boys who learn that women are not to be valued or respected and who see
violence directed against women are more likely to abuse women when they
grow up.Girls who witness domestic violence in their families of origin are
more likely to be victimised by their own husbands.
The nationwide lockdown since March 25 to check the spread of COVID-19 saw the
national commission for women receiving a significantly higher no. of complaint
form women seeking protection from domestic violence.In April an May 3027
complaints received by NCW across 22 categories of crime against women 1428
(47.2%)n are related to domestic violence. Before lockdown the case of DV is
20.6% in the country.
The counselling centres are supposed to reach out to the
complaint pertaining to domestic violence.However, amid lockdown the NGOs and
volunteer organisations, that are usually the avenues for women to report such
attacks are not working.
Undermining of Gender Equality
The (SDG)- 5 that seeks to “eliminate all forms
of discrimination and violence against women in the public and private spheres,
and to undertake reforms to give them the same rights to economic resources and
access to property by 2030,” is being enormously compromised.An added challenge
has been the importance of intertwined negative psychosocial impact on mental
health of women.
There is evidence that advocacy and empowerment counseling interventions as well
as home visitation are promising in preventing or reducing intimate partner
violence against women.
It is critical that governments utilize a human rights and intersectional based
approach to ensure that everyone, including the most marginalized, has access to
necessary information, support systems and resources during the current crisis.
The state governments need to declare helplines as “essential services” that
should remain open during lockdowns.
Media can sensitize the public against gender-based violence, publicise
resources and services available and encourage the equitable sharing of domestic
tasks at home.
Increase resourcing for NGOs that respond to domestic violence and aid —
including shelter, counselling, and legal aid — to survivors, and promote those
that remain open.
Ensure women's timely access to necessary and comprehensive sexual and
reproductive health services during the crisis, such as maternal health
services, safe abortion etc.
Finally, the perpetrators of domestic violence must be brought to trial and
repeated offenders must be dealt with strictly as per the provisions of law.
Written By Mayank Raj