Victimization of women in cyber world
In today's world internet is becoming daily need for life. Nowadays people are
exploring the internet and making their life easy and comfortable. Internet is
the fastest mode of the transport and has spread it sphere. India has stepped
into digitalization which has bought technology power. People can talk to any
person whether it is known or unknown. The rise of the internet has sparked a
debate about how online communication has effect social relationships. As it is
said. Every Good Side Has Its Bad Side Too
People of all genders has
experience violence and online abuse, But the abuse which is experienced by the
women is often sexist or anti- feminist in nature. Online threats and violence
are often sexualized. and these violations are violation of their human rights
including right to freedom of speech and expression, right to equality, right to
life, participation, assembly and association.
As indicated by the recent
research by NCRB (National crime records bureau data) has been steadily
increasing each year. This article throws a light on cyber- crime and
legislative intervention measures and gives precautionary measures specifically
to curtail cyber- crime against woman and children.
Women had been victim of many types of harassment since the traditional era.
Violence against women is a violation of human right. Domestic violence. A
universal issue with severe impact on survivors. Domestic violence, Sati Paratha
acid attack, rape, eve- teasing, dowry death, sexual harassment, molestation,
kidnapping, female infanticide. As the COVID-19 pandemic has strengthen the
social and economic stress. This form of violence result into widespread Gender
based discrimination. based violence is increasing aggressively. The increasing
rate of cyber- crime against women has been increasing day by day.
This has led
to the development of insecurity within women. Its effects are worse on them.
And on the society as a whole when we look into the broader picture. Acc. To
famous Journalist Swapna Majumdar, Violence against women is nonspecific. The
fact is that violence against women has become an acceptable norm of life
because women accept violence as apart of normal life until it becomes
intolerable, said by Majumdar 2003.
We celebrate women's day on 8th of march every year showing respect and love
appreciation towards women. In India women are worshipped as (goddess) Devi.
Women's are worshipped at religious places on festivals. But reality they are
exploited in various ways. And have always been victim of physical,
psychological and sexual exploitations. The more common and frequently reported
cyber- pestering against women in India are cyber stalking, cyber morphing,
sending obscene, defamatory, annoying messages, emailing blackmailing. therefore
cyber- crime is increasing day by day.
Forms of cyber offences against women.
In basic terms, cyber- crime against women is illegal activity that uses
computer. The growing number of internet users everyday get linked and with the
access of the internet becoming easier and simpler day by day coupled with the
malicious intentions of some of the people who use this elevation as a tool to
target the vulnerable, has led to the tremendous increase in cyber- crime
against women. There are various types of cyber- crime committed against women
at large of which have sensitive effects on the image and security of women are
It is one of the most talked about and committed in modern
world. Cyber stalking is on the rise and women and children are the most likely
targets. Cyber stalking is the way to use the internet to stalk someone for
online harassment and online abuse. Cyber stalking is an online threat and there
is no direct contact between. But nowadays cyber stalking crime is more than
offline stalking. Because finding of the perpetrator is not easier. Mostly the
teenagers are victimized. The anonymity of online interaction reduces the
chances of identification and makes cyber stalking more common than physical
Online Trolling / Bullying/Threat/ Blackmailing/ Meme Making
Online harassment of women in India has become threat, with the growth of
toxicity on twitter. The increase in number of trolls on internet. Mr.
Jaishankar a teacher of criminology who has been Studying bullying, stalking
and defamation of women online, says India's patriarchal mindset has pervaded
the internet space. Lawyer Deberti Halder, says that Indian online users are
largely male introverts who have found a web a space where they can express them
feely and anonymously. Men do not like women to talk back. Online violence often
leads to women being shouted down or self-censoring their opinion because of
fear of Blacklash.
The pandemic has raised the new and significant concerns
around online violence and sexual harassment against women as the dynamics of
the workplace are changing with an increase in work from home and online
education. As the world moves online post-COVID-19, there is need to engage with
feminist perspective. Unfortunately, online spaces are increasingly becoming
repulsive towards women, with growing toxicity on social media platforms, the
online harassment and trolling of women in India has become a threat, today
online trolling and abuse against women has become widespread, the slightest bit
we can do is strive to contribute some kindness where we can.
The remarkable growth of internet has provided people with a platform to express
the opinion, thoughts and feelings through various forms of publications. Cyber
defamation is new concept but the traditional definition of defamation is injury
caused to the reputation of person in the eyes of third person. It refers to
publishing of defamatory material against any person with the help of the
internet. This this has led to numerous cases against cyber defamation.
mostly committed by hacking someone's Id on Facebook, google or any other
social networking or mail website. It is also done by creaking fake account of a
person containing all personal information which resembles to be genuine. After
researching about this Topic, it can be said that present scenario of India
regarding laws do not have an adequate approach towards cases of cyber
Morphing is an activity to edit original pictures to misuse, photo morphing is
an special effect that allows a person to morph or change one image or shape
into another without difficulty. it is easier for a hacker to use your images,
morph it and then misuse it. You can't stop anyone from morphing. If your images
are public, people can easily access them and make use of them to morph, every
popular male and female celebrity are being photoshopped and being used by porn
sites to satisfy their sexual fantasies. You never know when someone takes your
photograph and use them.
It refers to an e-mail that emerges from one source but has been sent from
another sources. Emails using this technique often includes messages signature,
lines, and logos related to the spoofed entity. Email spoofing is a popular
tactic used in phishing and spam campaigns because people are more likely to
open an email when they think it has been sent by legitimate or familiar
Indian Constitution And Cyber Crime
Right to privacy is an important natural need of every human being. The right to
privacy prohibits interference in other's private life. The apex court of India
has clearly stated in its judicial judgements that right to privacy is part of
fundamental right guaranteed under article 21 of the Indian Constitution.
Hacking into someone's privacy or stealing someone's intellectual work or data
complete violation of right to his privacy.
Ritu Kohli Case:
Ritu Kohli's was the first case of cyber stalking of India. The case in which
issues raised to as what is cyber stalking? why don't we have laws regarding
that? In the recent case the Delhi police arrested Manish Kathuria the culprit
of the case. Mrs. Kohli further complained that person was chatting using her
name giving her address and was speaking foul language. Consequently Mrs. Kohli
received 40 calls during an add hours.
The said call created devastation in her
personal life. IP address was traced, police investigated the entire matter and
the offender got arrested. A case was registered under section 509 of IPC. This
was the first case of cyber stalking reported. Cyber staling is not covered in
cyber laws in India. It is covered only under the ambit of the section72 of the
IT act. Punishment can also be given section 441 of the IPC act again for
outraging the modesty of the women.
Ngo's Eradicating The Cyber Issues
IT is very depressing that cybercrime has become a common phenomenon in the
present days. There lies an important role of the family, parents, community,
public, NGO'S, clubs. Organization, government. The NGO'S plays a very crucial
role in escalating awareness related to the cyber- crime. They can inseminate
the ways to deal with this social phenomenon to the community.
It is high time
for the people to rethink on the social matters. We should make more efforts to
make people aware about cybercrime by organizing seminars, debates on illegal
activities committed through internet. So that we become aware and use online
network more effectively in all aspects.
Role Of Ngo's In Cyber Crime Awareness.
Every minute, on an average nearly 80 people fall prey to some or the other form
of cyber crime and the awareness initiatives in place to prevent them are not
With a view to avert such incidents. there are team of young and dynamics
ninjas, led by Amitabh Kumar, who formed an NGO called social media matters in
Delhi founded in 2018.
This organization not only conducts online and offline
workshops to spread awareness, but also builds up capacities for organizations
and govt organizations to aware about cyber crim happening.
There are various NGO working for awareness on cyber security, across the globe
India tops in the cases of spam attacks and overall cyber threats. In such cases
NGO'S like cyber society of India has played a greater role to create awareness
among the people.
Cyber Crimes Some Suggestions And Tips To Tackle.
Aside from, depending upon laws against cyber- crimes. Women have to be self
-aware about cyber crimes happening. Moreover, cyber laws are not universal, as
they vary from country to country, today every person wants to browse privately
and safely especially for women. Here are some steps and suggestions how women
can save themselves from being victimized in cyber space.
We all love to have simpler passwords which are easy to remember, if one wants
to lower the risk of internet crime, changing passwords is a great way to make
personnel data and social network safe, avoid words that are in dictionary and
must use different passwords for different websites and accounts. Changing
passwords is very helpful to keep privacy safe.
It is a need to collaborate both police force and cyber force together for
School curriculum must cover over all aspects of cyber- crimes, So education
system must enforce contemporary issues pertaining to cyber- crime.
Legal Recourse- This pillar will work like a bridge and put a connection between
women and law enforcements, there should be digital e portals or e courts where
women can report their issues online and step towards remedy made at ease.
To avoid Cyber-Stalking it is advisable not to disclose any personal
Firewall serves as a great defense when it comes to checking such trespass.
Ensure the safe use of security checks, always enable the firewall that comes
with your router.
Exercise caution and presence of mind in dealing with such threats. Do not fall
prey for fancies.
Be well informed about the advancement of the technology and internet to stay
India's present scenario states many instances of female abuses and exploitation
in the technology area. There was a case of Union Minister HRD Smriti Irani who
spotted the camera in changing room in fab India, in Panjim. This very issue
turns on many questions with regard to safety security and dignity of Indian
women. One of the harsh Question. in this regard is, 'So where can a Women be
safe'? It is very scathing cyber-crimes includes abuse of fundamental rights
and gender harassment.
India is considered as one of the very few countries to
enact IT Act 2000 to combat cyber-crimes. This act cover the commercial and
economic crimes only which can be cleared by preamble of the IT Act 2000, There
is lack of special provisions for the security of women, However there are few
provisions to cover some of the crimes against women in IT Act. But still IT
Act depends on IPC to deal with the crimes happening in the virtual society.[i]
- Cyber- crime against women in India- are women a soft target www.legalservicesindia.com
- Debarati Halder, K Jaishankar-Google Books.
- Monika Jain. docs.manupatra.in
- cyber tips www.eprotectfoundation.org
- Cyber Awareness Ngo In India – Digi Info Media