Religion is a categorized system of beliefs used to worship a god or goddess.
Freedom of religion is a human right but that right is violated by practicing
atrocities against the person in the name of religion. Religion is a belief
system that is non-identical for everyone.
Since the rise of denomination, Wars have been fought here and there in the name
of different gods. From Myanmar (Burma) 1948 Buddhist vs Christians to Sri Lanka
1983 Hindu vs Muslims Which are the sweeping wars in Southeast Asia. Similarly,
these types of wars have been fought on different continents and at different
As of today, the majority of warfare takes place with the name of Religion
associated with patriotism, economic failure, and other concerns.
Most Christians believe that war should be avoided if possible, and should only
be undertaken if all efforts to resolve an issue by peaceful means have failed.
Many Christians see war as the result of a failure to live by God's standards.
Extremists often describe their actions as saving the world from evil
out-groups. ...People who use religion to create conflict simply multiply this
belief in their superiority tenfold. The reason religious superiority leads to
conflict is that it motivates extremists for it.
Swami Vivekananda said:
"Religion is not in doctrines, in dogmas, nor intellectual argumentation; it is
being and becoming, it is a realization”
History of Religious wars:
The Crusades (1st Holy war) was organized by the Christians which had been
fought on by the lightning-fast rise of the Islamic empire which was started in
the 8th century and the first crusade began with Jerusalem and assassinating of
Pope Urban II and ended up in the 13th century which created a noxious
environment in Europe
Similarly, The Vikings (Scandinavians) people from the late eighth to early 11th
century established a name for themselves as traders, explorers, and warriors.
They believed in Norse gods Odin (God of war and wisdom), Thor (God of
Lightning), and Loki (Who was part god and the part devil). Today there are
between 500 and 1000 people in Denmark who believe in the old Nordic religion
and worship its ancient gods.
After the 9/11 ambush, George Bush has claimed he was on a mission from God when
he launched the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq to counter and end the
terrorism of Al-Qaeda.
The violence between the Israelis and the Palestinians is an example of
religious and political conflict. Israel is the world's only Jewish state
located just east of the Mediterranean Sea. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is
over who gets what land and how it's controlled.
Bloodshed and violence took place in India after India got independent from
British colonial rule. Partition of India in 1947 to create a separate Islamic
state Pakistan for Muslims saw large riots throughout the country.
Bloodshed in India:
The major incidences after commitment to secularism in India are -: Gujarat
riots (1969), Anti-Sikh riots (1984), Bhagalpur rights (1989), Kashmir violence
(1989), Godhra train burning, Gujarat Riots (2002), Muzaffarnagar riots (2013),
Delhi riots (2020)
The most barbaric riot in Indian history was the Babri Masjid riot case
Masjid was built in 1528–29 (935 AH) by general Mir Baqi, on the orders of the
Mughal emperor Babur
The destruction of the Babri Mosque sparked Muslim outrage around the country,
provoking several months of inter-communal rioting in which Hindus and Muslims
attacked one another, burning and looting homes, shops, and places of worship.
Following the demolition in India, Muslim mobs in Bangladesh attacked and burned
down Hindu temples, shops, and houses across the country. An India-Bangladesh
cricket match was disrupted when a mob of an estimated 5,000 men tried to storm
the stadium in the national capital of Dhaka.
The government closed offices and schools on 7 December to protest against the
demolition of the Babri Masjid Pakistani Foreign Ministry summoned the Indian
ambassador to lodge a formal complaint and promised to appeal to the United
Nation and the Organisation of the Islamic Conference to pressure India to
protect the rights of Muslims.
Strikes were held across the country, while
Muslim mobs attacked and destroyed as many as 30 temples in one day using fire
and bulldozers, and stormed the office of Air India, India's national airline,
in Lahore. The retaliatory attacks included rhetoric from mobs calling for the
destruction of India and Hinduism. Students from Islamabad burned an effigy of
the then-Prime Minister of India, P.V. Narasimha Rao, and called for Jihad
In subsequent years, thousands of Pakistani Hindus visiting India sought longer
visas, and in some cases citizenship of India, citing increased harassment and
discrimination in the aftermath of the demolition
In a 2018 report, the United Nations Human Rights office expressed concerns over
attacks directed at minorities and Dalits in India. The statement came in an
annual report to the United Nations Human Rights Council's March 2018 session
where Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein said:
"In India, I am increasingly disturbed by discrimination and violence directed
at minorities, including Dalits and other scheduled castes, and religious
minorities such as Muslims. In some cases, this injustice appears actively
endorsed by local or religious officials. I am concerned that criticism of
government policies is frequently met by claims that it constitutes sedition or
a threat to national security. I am deeply concerned by efforts to limit
critical voices through the cancellation or suspension of registration of
thousands of NGOs, including groups advocating for human rights and even public
These riots can get reduced if the religious groups and the political trauma of
the governments get driven towards peace-making.
This will require leaving the safe zone of like-minded religious organizations
and engaging more fulsomely with international agencies and the business
community. People of these types of organizations should get more literate with
the modern technologies not least social media, finding ways to promote
optimistic values both on- and offline.
Written By: Shubhankar Mishra -
Lake City University
Please Drop Your Comments